ABAP Select data from SAP table VBUP into internal table



Get Example source ABAP code based on a different SAP table
  

Below is a number of ABAP code snippets to demonstrate how to select data from SAP VBUP table and store it within an internal table, including using the newer @DATA inline declaration methods. It also shows you various ways to process this data using ABAP work area, inline declaration or field symbols including executing all the relevant CONVERSION_EXIT routines specific to VBUP. See here for more generic Select statement tips.

Sometimes data within SAP is stored within the database table in a different format to what it is displayed to the user. These input/output conversation FM routines are what translates the data between the two formats.

There is also a full declaration of the VBUP table where each field has a char/string type for you to simply copy and paste. This allows you to use processing that is only available to these field types such as the CONCATENATE statement.

DATA: IT_VBUP TYPE STANDARD TABLE OF VBUP,
      WA_VBUP TYPE VBUP,
      GD_STR TYPE STRING.

DATA: lo_typedescr type REF TO cl_abap_typedescr.
DATA: lv_fieldname type fieldname.

FIELD-SYMBOLS: <FIELD> TYPE any.
FIELD-SYMBOLS: <VBUP> TYPE VBUP.

*Process all fields in table header/work area as string values
  PERFORM process_as_string_field_values CHANGING wa_VBUP.

SELECT *
*restrict ABAP select to first 10 rows
 UP TO 10 ROWS      
  FROM VBUP
  INTO TABLE IT_VBUP.

*Select data and declare internal table using in-line method @DATA
*SELECT *
*  FROM VBUP
*  INTO TABLE @DATA(IT_VBUP2).
*--Further methods of using ABAP code to  select data from SAP database tables

*You can also declare the header/work area using the in-line DATA declaration method
READ TABLE IT_VBUP INDEX 1 INTO DATA(WA_VBUP2).


*Demonstrate how to loop at an internal table and update values using a FIELD-SYMBOL
LOOP AT IT_VBUP ASSIGNING <VBUP>.
*To update a field value using a field symbol simply change the value via the field symbol pointer
<VBUP>-MANDT = 1.
<VBUP>-VBELN = 1.
<VBUP>-POSNR = 1.
<VBUP>-RFSTA = 1.
<VBUP>-RFGSA = 1.
ENDLOOP.

LOOP AT IT_VBUP INTO WA_VBUP.
*Write horizonal line to screen report.
  WRITE:/ sy-uline.

*Write selected data to screen/report before conversion.
  WRITE:/ sy-vline,   WA_VBUP-BESTA, sy-vline,
WA_VBUP-LFSTA, sy-vline,
WA_VBUP-LFGSA, sy-vline,
WA_VBUP-WBSTA, sy-vline,
WA_VBUP-FKSTA, sy-vline,
WA_VBUP-FKSAA, sy-vline.
ENDLOOP. *Add any further fields from structure WA_VBUP you want to display... WRITE:/ sy-uline. * Aternatively use generic code to Write field values (and NAME) to screen report DO. ASSIGN COMPONENT sy-index OF STRUCTURE wa_VBUP TO <field>. IF sy-subrc <> 0. EXIT. ENDIF. WRITE:/ 'Field Value', <field>, sy-vline. gd_str = <field> . lo_typedescr ?= CL_ABAP_DATADESCR=>DESCRIBE_BY_DATA( <field> ). lv_fieldname = lo_typedescr->GET_RELATIVE_NAME( ). WRITE:/ 'Field Name', lv_fieldname. ENDDO. *Redo loop but convert all fields from internal to out value LOOP AT IT_VBUP INTO WA_VBUP. *Write horizonal line to screen report. WRITE:/ sy-uline. *Convert all fields to display/output versions using conversion routines PERFORM convert_all_field_values CHANGING wa_EKKO. ENDLOOP. *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* *& Form convert_all_field_values *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* FORM convert_all_field_values CHANGING p_EKKO LIKE wa_EKKO. DATA: ld_input(1000) TYPE c, ld_output(1000) TYPE C.

*Conversion exit ALPHA, internal->external for field VBELN CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_ALPHA_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_VBUP-VBELN IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_VBUP-VBELN.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.
ENDFORM. *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* *& Form process_as_string_field_values *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* FORM process_as_string_field_values CHANGING p_EKKO LIKE wa_EKKO. TYPES: BEGIN OF T_VBUP_STR,
MANDT TYPE STRING,
VBELN TYPE STRING,
POSNR TYPE STRING,
RFSTA TYPE STRING,
RFGSA TYPE STRING,
BESTA TYPE STRING,
LFSTA TYPE STRING,
LFGSA TYPE STRING,
WBSTA TYPE STRING,
FKSTA TYPE STRING,
FKSAA TYPE STRING,
ABSTA TYPE STRING,
GBSTA TYPE STRING,
KOSTA TYPE STRING,
LVSTA TYPE STRING,
UVALL TYPE STRING,
UVVLK TYPE STRING,
UVFAK TYPE STRING,
UVPRS TYPE STRING,
FKIVP TYPE STRING,
UVP01 TYPE STRING,
UVP02 TYPE STRING,
UVP03 TYPE STRING,
UVP04 TYPE STRING,
UVP05 TYPE STRING,
PKSTA TYPE STRING,
KOQUA TYPE STRING,
COSTA TYPE STRING,
CMPPI TYPE STRING,
CMPPJ TYPE STRING,
UVPIK TYPE STRING,
UVPAK TYPE STRING,
UVWAK TYPE STRING,
DCSTA TYPE STRING,
RRSTA TYPE STRING,
VLSTP TYPE STRING,
FSSTA TYPE STRING,
LSSTA TYPE STRING,
PDSTA TYPE STRING,
MANEK TYPE STRING,
HDALL TYPE STRING,
BUMP TYPE STRING,
LTSPS TYPE STRING,
/SAPMP/LBASP TYPE STRING,
MILL_VS_VSSTA TYPE STRING,END OF T_EKKO_STR. DATA: WA_VBUP_STR type T_EKKO_STR. DATA: ld_text TYPE string. LOOP AT IT_EKKO INTO WA_EKKO. MOVE-CORRESPONDING wa_EKKO TO WA_EKKO_STR. CONCATENATE: sy-vline
WA_VBUP_STR-MANDT sy-vline
WA_VBUP_STR-VBELN sy-vline
WA_VBUP_STR-POSNR sy-vline
WA_VBUP_STR-RFSTA sy-vline
WA_VBUP_STR-RFGSA sy-vline
WA_VBUP_STR-BESTA sy-vline
WA_VBUP_STR-LFSTA sy-vline
WA_VBUP_STR-LFGSA sy-vline
WA_VBUP_STR-WBSTA sy-vline
WA_VBUP_STR-FKSTA sy-vline
WA_VBUP_STR-FKSAA sy-vline
WA_VBUP_STR-ABSTA sy-vline
WA_VBUP_STR-GBSTA sy-vline
WA_VBUP_STR-KOSTA sy-vline
WA_VBUP_STR-LVSTA sy-vline
WA_VBUP_STR-UVALL sy-vline
WA_VBUP_STR-UVVLK sy-vline
WA_VBUP_STR-UVFAK sy-vline
WA_VBUP_STR-UVPRS sy-vline
WA_VBUP_STR-FKIVP sy-vline
WA_VBUP_STR-UVP01 sy-vline
WA_VBUP_STR-UVP02 sy-vline
WA_VBUP_STR-UVP03 sy-vline
WA_VBUP_STR-UVP04 sy-vline
WA_VBUP_STR-UVP05 sy-vline
WA_VBUP_STR-PKSTA sy-vline
WA_VBUP_STR-KOQUA sy-vline
WA_VBUP_STR-COSTA sy-vline
WA_VBUP_STR-CMPPI sy-vline
WA_VBUP_STR-CMPPJ sy-vline
WA_VBUP_STR-UVPIK sy-vline
WA_VBUP_STR-UVPAK sy-vline
WA_VBUP_STR-UVWAK sy-vline
WA_VBUP_STR-DCSTA sy-vline
WA_VBUP_STR-RRSTA sy-vline
WA_VBUP_STR-VLSTP sy-vline
WA_VBUP_STR-FSSTA sy-vline
WA_VBUP_STR-LSSTA sy-vline
WA_VBUP_STR-PDSTA sy-vline
WA_VBUP_STR-MANEK sy-vline
WA_VBUP_STR-HDALL sy-vline
WA_VBUP_STR-BUMP sy-vline
WA_VBUP_STR-LTSPS sy-vline
WA_VBUP_STR-/SAPMP/LBASP sy-vline
WA_VBUP_STR-MILL_VS_VSSTA sy-vline INTO ld_text SEPARATED BY SPACE. *Add any further fields from structure WA_EKKO_STR you want to CONCATENATE... ENDLOOP. ENDFORM.