ABAP Select data from SAP table CRMC_BLUEPRINT into internal table



Get Example source ABAP code based on a different SAP table
  

Below is a number of ABAP code snippets to demonstrate how to select data from SAP CRMC_BLUEPRINT table and store it within an internal table, including using the newer @DATA inline declaration methods. It also shows you various ways to process this data using ABAP work area, inline declaration or field symbols including executing all the relevant CONVERSION_EXIT routines specific to CRMC_BLUEPRINT. See here for more generic Select statement tips.

Sometimes data within SAP is stored within the database table in a different format to what it is displayed to the user. These input/output conversation FM routines are what translates the data between the two formats.

There is also a full declaration of the CRMC_BLUEPRINT table where each field has a char/string type for you to simply copy and paste. This allows you to use processing that is only available to these field types such as the CONCATENATE statement.

DATA: IT_CRMC_BLUEPRINT TYPE STANDARD TABLE OF CRMC_BLUEPRINT,
      WA_CRMC_BLUEPRINT TYPE CRMC_BLUEPRINT,
      GD_STR TYPE STRING.

DATA: lo_typedescr type REF TO cl_abap_typedescr.
DATA: lv_fieldname type fieldname.

FIELD-SYMBOLS: <FIELD> TYPE any.
FIELD-SYMBOLS: <CRMC_BLUEPRINT> TYPE CRMC_BLUEPRINT.

*Process all fields in table header/work area as string values
  PERFORM process_as_string_field_values CHANGING wa_CRMC_BLUEPRINT.

SELECT *
*restrict ABAP select to first 10 rows
 UP TO 10 ROWS      
  FROM CRMC_BLUEPRINT
  INTO TABLE IT_CRMC_BLUEPRINT.

*Select data and declare internal table using in-line method @DATA
*SELECT *
*  FROM CRMC_BLUEPRINT
*  INTO TABLE @DATA(IT_CRMC_BLUEPRINT2).
*--Further methods of using ABAP code to  select data from SAP database tables

*You can also declare the header/work area using the in-line DATA declaration method
READ TABLE IT_CRMC_BLUEPRINT INDEX 1 INTO DATA(WA_CRMC_BLUEPRINT2).


*Demonstrate how to loop at an internal table and update values using a FIELD-SYMBOL
LOOP AT IT_CRMC_BLUEPRINT ASSIGNING <CRMC_BLUEPRINT>.
*To update a field value using a field symbol simply change the value via the field symbol pointer
<CRMC_BLUEPRINT>-APPLICATION = 1.
<CRMC_BLUEPRINT>-BLVIEW = 1.
<CRMC_BLUEPRINT>-VERSION = 1.
<CRMC_BLUEPRINT>-EVENT = 1.
<CRMC_BLUEPRINT>-SCREENPOSITION = 1.
ENDLOOP.

LOOP AT IT_CRMC_BLUEPRINT INTO WA_CRMC_BLUEPRINT.
*Write horizonal line to screen report.
  WRITE:/ sy-uline.

*Write selected data to screen/report before conversion.
  WRITE:/ sy-vline,   WA_CRMC_BLUEPRINT-SCREENVARIANT, sy-vline,
WA_CRMC_BLUEPRINT-SCREENTYPE, sy-vline,
WA_CRMC_BLUEPRINT-SCREENSTRUCTURE, sy-vline,
WA_CRMC_BLUEPRINT-FIELDGROUP, sy-vline,
WA_CRMC_BLUEPRINT-TOOLBARGROUP, sy-vline,
WA_CRMC_BLUEPRINT-REGISTERTABGROUP, sy-vline.
ENDLOOP. *Add any further fields from structure WA_CRMC_BLUEPRINT you want to display... WRITE:/ sy-uline. * Aternatively use generic code to Write field values (and NAME) to screen report DO. ASSIGN COMPONENT sy-index OF STRUCTURE wa_CRMC_BLUEPRINT TO <field>. IF sy-subrc <> 0. EXIT. ENDIF. WRITE:/ 'Field Value', <field>, sy-vline. gd_str = <field> . lo_typedescr ?= CL_ABAP_DATADESCR=>DESCRIBE_BY_DATA( <field> ). lv_fieldname = lo_typedescr->GET_RELATIVE_NAME( ). WRITE:/ 'Field Name', lv_fieldname. ENDDO. *Redo loop but convert all fields from internal to out value LOOP AT IT_CRMC_BLUEPRINT INTO WA_CRMC_BLUEPRINT. *Write horizonal line to screen report. WRITE:/ sy-uline. *Convert all fields to display/output versions using conversion routines PERFORM convert_all_field_values CHANGING wa_EKKO. ENDLOOP. *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* *& Form convert_all_field_values *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* FORM convert_all_field_values CHANGING p_EKKO LIKE wa_EKKO. DATA: ld_input(1000) TYPE c, ld_output(1000) TYPE C.
ENDFORM. *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* *& Form process_as_string_field_values *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* FORM process_as_string_field_values CHANGING p_EKKO LIKE wa_EKKO. TYPES: BEGIN OF T_CRMC_BLUEPRINT_STR,
APPLICATION TYPE STRING,
BLVIEW TYPE STRING,
VERSION TYPE STRING,
EVENT TYPE STRING,
SCREENPOSITION TYPE STRING,
SCREENVARIANT TYPE STRING,
SCREENTYPE TYPE STRING,
SCREENSTRUCTURE TYPE STRING,
FIELDGROUP TYPE STRING,
TOOLBARGROUP TYPE STRING,
REGISTERTABGROUP TYPE STRING,
SEARCHGROUP TYPE STRING,
VIEWSETGROUP TYPE STRING,
STEPGROUP TYPE STRING,
CLASS TYPE STRING,
OBJID TYPE STRING,END OF T_EKKO_STR. DATA: WA_CRMC_BLUEPRINT_STR type T_EKKO_STR. DATA: ld_text TYPE string. LOOP AT IT_EKKO INTO WA_EKKO. MOVE-CORRESPONDING wa_EKKO TO WA_EKKO_STR. CONCATENATE: sy-vline
WA_CRMC_BLUEPRINT_STR-APPLICATION sy-vline
WA_CRMC_BLUEPRINT_STR-BLVIEW sy-vline
WA_CRMC_BLUEPRINT_STR-VERSION sy-vline
WA_CRMC_BLUEPRINT_STR-EVENT sy-vline
WA_CRMC_BLUEPRINT_STR-SCREENPOSITION sy-vline
WA_CRMC_BLUEPRINT_STR-SCREENVARIANT sy-vline
WA_CRMC_BLUEPRINT_STR-SCREENTYPE sy-vline
WA_CRMC_BLUEPRINT_STR-SCREENSTRUCTURE sy-vline
WA_CRMC_BLUEPRINT_STR-FIELDGROUP sy-vline
WA_CRMC_BLUEPRINT_STR-TOOLBARGROUP sy-vline
WA_CRMC_BLUEPRINT_STR-REGISTERTABGROUP sy-vline
WA_CRMC_BLUEPRINT_STR-SEARCHGROUP sy-vline
WA_CRMC_BLUEPRINT_STR-VIEWSETGROUP sy-vline
WA_CRMC_BLUEPRINT_STR-STEPGROUP sy-vline
WA_CRMC_BLUEPRINT_STR-CLASS sy-vline
WA_CRMC_BLUEPRINT_STR-OBJID sy-vline INTO ld_text SEPARATED BY SPACE. *Add any further fields from structure WA_EKKO_STR you want to CONCATENATE... ENDLOOP. ENDFORM.