ABAP Select data from SAP table CDPVFRMI into internal table



Get Example source ABAP code based on a different SAP table
  

Below is a number of ABAP code snippets to demonstrate how to select data from SAP CDPVFRMI table and store it within an internal table, including using the newer @DATA inline declaration methods. It also shows you various ways to process this data using ABAP work area, inline declaration or field symbols including executing all the relevant CONVERSION_EXIT routines specific to CDPVFRMI. See here for more generic Select statement tips.

Sometimes data within SAP is stored within the database table in a different format to what it is displayed to the user. These input/output conversation FM routines are what translates the data between the two formats.

There is also a full declaration of the CDPVFRMI table where each field has a char/string type for you to simply copy and paste. This allows you to use processing that is only available to these field types such as the CONCATENATE statement.

DATA: IT_CDPVFRMI TYPE STANDARD TABLE OF CDPVFRMI,
      WA_CDPVFRMI TYPE CDPVFRMI,
      GD_STR TYPE STRING.

DATA: lo_typedescr type REF TO cl_abap_typedescr.
DATA: lv_fieldname type fieldname.

FIELD-SYMBOLS: <FIELD> TYPE any.
FIELD-SYMBOLS: <CDPVFRMI> TYPE CDPVFRMI.

*Process all fields in table header/work area as string values
  PERFORM process_as_string_field_values CHANGING wa_CDPVFRMI.

SELECT *
*restrict ABAP select to first 10 rows
 UP TO 10 ROWS      
  FROM CDPVFRMI
  INTO TABLE IT_CDPVFRMI.

*Select data and declare internal table using in-line method @DATA
*SELECT *
*  FROM CDPVFRMI
*  INTO TABLE @DATA(IT_CDPVFRMI2).
*--Further methods of using ABAP code to  select data from SAP database tables

*You can also declare the header/work area using the in-line DATA declaration method
READ TABLE IT_CDPVFRMI INDEX 1 INTO DATA(WA_CDPVFRMI2).


*Demonstrate how to loop at an internal table and update values using a FIELD-SYMBOL
LOOP AT IT_CDPVFRMI ASSIGNING <CDPVFRMI>.
*To update a field value using a field symbol simply change the value via the field symbol pointer
<CDPVFRMI>-MANDT = 1.
<CDPVFRMI>-PVGUID = 1.
<CDPVFRMI>-PVCICNT = 1.
<CDPVFRMI>-DEF_EXPL_FLG = 1.
<CDPVFRMI>-STREAM_ID = 1.
ENDLOOP.

LOOP AT IT_CDPVFRMI INTO WA_CDPVFRMI.
*Write horizonal line to screen report.
  WRITE:/ sy-uline.

*Write selected data to screen/report before conversion.
  WRITE:/ sy-vline,   WA_CDPVFRMI-COMPTGT, sy-vline,
WA_CDPVFRMI-COMPTGT_ERR_FLG, sy-vline,
WA_CDPVFRMI-OPLOW, sy-vline,
WA_CDPVFRMI-COMPLOW, sy-vline,
WA_CDPVFRMI-OPUP, sy-vline,
WA_CDPVFRMI-COMPUPP, sy-vline.
ENDLOOP. *Add any further fields from structure WA_CDPVFRMI you want to display... WRITE:/ sy-uline. * Aternatively use generic code to Write field values (and NAME) to screen report DO. ASSIGN COMPONENT sy-index OF STRUCTURE wa_CDPVFRMI TO <field>. IF sy-subrc <> 0. EXIT. ENDIF. WRITE:/ 'Field Value', <field>, sy-vline. gd_str = <field> . lo_typedescr ?= CL_ABAP_DATADESCR=>DESCRIBE_BY_DATA( <field> ). lv_fieldname = lo_typedescr->GET_RELATIVE_NAME( ). WRITE:/ 'Field Name', lv_fieldname. ENDDO. *Redo loop but convert all fields from internal to out value LOOP AT IT_CDPVFRMI INTO WA_CDPVFRMI. *Write horizonal line to screen report. WRITE:/ sy-uline. *Convert all fields to display/output versions using conversion routines PERFORM convert_all_field_values CHANGING wa_EKKO. ENDLOOP. *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* *& Form convert_all_field_values *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* FORM convert_all_field_values CHANGING p_EKKO LIKE wa_EKKO. DATA: ld_input(1000) TYPE c, ld_output(1000) TYPE C.

*Conversion exit CUNIT, internal->external for field UNIT CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_CUNIT_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_CDPVFRMI-UNIT IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_CDPVFRMI-UNIT.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.
ENDFORM. *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* *& Form process_as_string_field_values *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* FORM process_as_string_field_values CHANGING p_EKKO LIKE wa_EKKO. TYPES: BEGIN OF T_CDPVFRMI_STR,
MANDT TYPE STRING,
PVGUID TYPE STRING,
PVCICNT TYPE STRING,
DEF_EXPL_FLG TYPE STRING,
STREAM_ID TYPE STRING,
COMPTGT TYPE STRING,
COMPTGT_ERR_FLG TYPE STRING,
OPLOW TYPE STRING,
COMPLOW TYPE STRING,
OPUP TYPE STRING,
COMPUPP TYPE STRING,
UNIT TYPE STRING,
EXCVAL TYPE STRING,
ADDVAL TYPE STRING,
COMPTGT_FLT TYPE STRING,
COMPLOW_FLT TYPE STRING,
COMPUPP_FLT TYPE STRING,
OVR_FACTOR TYPE STRING,
STREAM_DELFLG TYPE STRING,
STR_RECN TYPE STRING,
PVTXCNT TYPE STRING,
KZ TYPE STRING,END OF T_EKKO_STR. DATA: WA_CDPVFRMI_STR type T_EKKO_STR. DATA: ld_text TYPE string. LOOP AT IT_EKKO INTO WA_EKKO. MOVE-CORRESPONDING wa_EKKO TO WA_EKKO_STR. CONCATENATE: sy-vline
WA_CDPVFRMI_STR-MANDT sy-vline
WA_CDPVFRMI_STR-PVGUID sy-vline
WA_CDPVFRMI_STR-PVCICNT sy-vline
WA_CDPVFRMI_STR-DEF_EXPL_FLG sy-vline
WA_CDPVFRMI_STR-STREAM_ID sy-vline
WA_CDPVFRMI_STR-COMPTGT sy-vline
WA_CDPVFRMI_STR-COMPTGT_ERR_FLG sy-vline
WA_CDPVFRMI_STR-OPLOW sy-vline
WA_CDPVFRMI_STR-COMPLOW sy-vline
WA_CDPVFRMI_STR-OPUP sy-vline
WA_CDPVFRMI_STR-COMPUPP sy-vline
WA_CDPVFRMI_STR-UNIT sy-vline
WA_CDPVFRMI_STR-EXCVAL sy-vline
WA_CDPVFRMI_STR-ADDVAL sy-vline
WA_CDPVFRMI_STR-COMPTGT_FLT sy-vline
WA_CDPVFRMI_STR-COMPLOW_FLT sy-vline
WA_CDPVFRMI_STR-COMPUPP_FLT sy-vline
WA_CDPVFRMI_STR-OVR_FACTOR sy-vline
WA_CDPVFRMI_STR-STREAM_DELFLG sy-vline
WA_CDPVFRMI_STR-STR_RECN sy-vline
WA_CDPVFRMI_STR-PVTXCNT sy-vline
WA_CDPVFRMI_STR-KZ sy-vline INTO ld_text SEPARATED BY SPACE. *Add any further fields from structure WA_EKKO_STR you want to CONCATENATE... ENDLOOP. ENDFORM.