ABAP Select data from SAP table CDPALTID into internal table



Get Example source ABAP code based on a different SAP table
  

Below is a number of ABAP code snippets to demonstrate how to select data from SAP CDPALTID table and store it within an internal table, including using the newer @DATA inline declaration methods. It also shows you various ways to process this data using ABAP work area, inline declaration or field symbols including executing all the relevant CONVERSION_EXIT routines specific to CDPALTID. See here for more generic Select statement tips.

Sometimes data within SAP is stored within the database table in a different format to what it is displayed to the user. These input/output conversation FM routines are what translates the data between the two formats.

There is also a full declaration of the CDPALTID table where each field has a char/string type for you to simply copy and paste. This allows you to use processing that is only available to these field types such as the CONCATENATE statement.

DATA: IT_CDPALTID TYPE STANDARD TABLE OF CDPALTID,
      WA_CDPALTID TYPE CDPALTID,
      GD_STR TYPE STRING.

DATA: lo_typedescr type REF TO cl_abap_typedescr.
DATA: lv_fieldname type fieldname.

FIELD-SYMBOLS: <FIELD> TYPE any.
FIELD-SYMBOLS: <CDPALTID> TYPE CDPALTID.

*Process all fields in table header/work area as string values
  PERFORM process_as_string_field_values CHANGING wa_CDPALTID.

SELECT *
*restrict ABAP select to first 10 rows
 UP TO 10 ROWS      
  FROM CDPALTID
  INTO TABLE IT_CDPALTID.

*Select data and declare internal table using in-line method @DATA
*SELECT *
*  FROM CDPALTID
*  INTO TABLE @DATA(IT_CDPALTID2).
*--Further methods of using ABAP code to  select data from SAP database tables

*You can also declare the header/work area using the in-line DATA declaration method
READ TABLE IT_CDPALTID INDEX 1 INTO DATA(WA_CDPALTID2).


*Demonstrate how to loop at an internal table and update values using a FIELD-SYMBOL
LOOP AT IT_CDPALTID ASSIGNING <CDPALTID>.
*To update a field value using a field symbol simply change the value via the field symbol pointer
<CDPALTID>-MANDT = 1.
<CDPALTID>-PAGUID = 1.
<CDPALTID>-OTYPE = 1.
<CDPALTID>-PGUID = 1.
<CDPALTID>-ALTNUM = 1.
ENDLOOP.

LOOP AT IT_CDPALTID INTO WA_CDPALTID.
*Write horizonal line to screen report.
  WRITE:/ sy-uline.

*Write selected data to screen/report before conversion.
  WRITE:/ sy-vline,   WA_CDPALTID-PATYPE, sy-vline,
WA_CDPALTID-APPLOBJ_TYPE, sy-vline,
WA_CDPALTID-TIMSTMP, sy-vline,
WA_CDPALTID-HISTFLG, sy-vline,
WA_CDPALTID-CREADAT, sy-vline,
WA_CDPALTID-CREABY, sy-vline.
ENDLOOP. *Add any further fields from structure WA_CDPALTID you want to display... WRITE:/ sy-uline. * Aternatively use generic code to Write field values (and NAME) to screen report DO. ASSIGN COMPONENT sy-index OF STRUCTURE wa_CDPALTID TO <field>. IF sy-subrc <> 0. EXIT. ENDIF. WRITE:/ 'Field Value', <field>, sy-vline. gd_str = <field> . lo_typedescr ?= CL_ABAP_DATADESCR=>DESCRIBE_BY_DATA( <field> ). lv_fieldname = lo_typedescr->GET_RELATIVE_NAME( ). WRITE:/ 'Field Name', lv_fieldname. ENDDO. *Redo loop but convert all fields from internal to out value LOOP AT IT_CDPALTID INTO WA_CDPALTID. *Write horizonal line to screen report. WRITE:/ sy-uline. *Convert all fields to display/output versions using conversion routines PERFORM convert_all_field_values CHANGING wa_EKKO. ENDLOOP. *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* *& Form convert_all_field_values *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* FORM convert_all_field_values CHANGING p_EKKO LIKE wa_EKKO. DATA: ld_input(1000) TYPE c, ld_output(1000) TYPE C.

*Conversion exit ALPHA, internal->external for field ALTNUM CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_ALPHA_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_CDPALTID-ALTNUM IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_CDPALTID-ALTNUM.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.

*Conversion exit ALPHA, internal->external for field LOGSYS CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_ALPHA_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_CDPALTID-LOGSYS IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_CDPALTID-LOGSYS.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.
ENDFORM. *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* *& Form process_as_string_field_values *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* FORM process_as_string_field_values CHANGING p_EKKO LIKE wa_EKKO. TYPES: BEGIN OF T_CDPALTID_STR,
MANDT TYPE STRING,
PAGUID TYPE STRING,
OTYPE TYPE STRING,
PGUID TYPE STRING,
ALTNUM TYPE STRING,
PATYPE TYPE STRING,
APPLOBJ_TYPE TYPE STRING,
TIMSTMP TYPE STRING,
HISTFLG TYPE STRING,
CREADAT TYPE STRING,
CREABY TYPE STRING,
CHNGDAT TYPE STRING,
CHNGBY TYPE STRING,
LOGSYS TYPE STRING,
KZ TYPE STRING,END OF T_EKKO_STR. DATA: WA_CDPALTID_STR type T_EKKO_STR. DATA: ld_text TYPE string. LOOP AT IT_EKKO INTO WA_EKKO. MOVE-CORRESPONDING wa_EKKO TO WA_EKKO_STR. CONCATENATE: sy-vline
WA_CDPALTID_STR-MANDT sy-vline
WA_CDPALTID_STR-PAGUID sy-vline
WA_CDPALTID_STR-OTYPE sy-vline
WA_CDPALTID_STR-PGUID sy-vline
WA_CDPALTID_STR-ALTNUM sy-vline
WA_CDPALTID_STR-PATYPE sy-vline
WA_CDPALTID_STR-APPLOBJ_TYPE sy-vline
WA_CDPALTID_STR-TIMSTMP sy-vline
WA_CDPALTID_STR-HISTFLG sy-vline
WA_CDPALTID_STR-CREADAT sy-vline
WA_CDPALTID_STR-CREABY sy-vline
WA_CDPALTID_STR-CHNGDAT sy-vline
WA_CDPALTID_STR-CHNGBY sy-vline
WA_CDPALTID_STR-LOGSYS sy-vline
WA_CDPALTID_STR-KZ sy-vline INTO ld_text SEPARATED BY SPACE. *Add any further fields from structure WA_EKKO_STR you want to CONCATENATE... ENDLOOP. ENDFORM.