ABAP Select data from SAP table SADR into internal table



Get Example source ABAP code based on a different SAP table
  

Below is a number of ABAP code snippets to demonstrate how to select data from SAP SADR table and store it within an internal table, including using the newer @DATA inline declaration methods. It also shows you various ways to process this data using ABAP work area, inline declaration or field symbols including executing all the relevant CONVERSION_EXIT routines specific to SADR. See here for more generic Select statement tips.

Sometimes data within SAP is stored within the database table in a different format to what it is displayed to the user. These input/output conversation FM routines are what translates the data between the two formats.

There is also a full declaration of the SADR table where each field has a char/string type for you to simply copy and paste. This allows you to use processing that is only available to these field types such as the CONCATENATE statement.

DATA: IT_SADR TYPE STANDARD TABLE OF SADR,
      WA_SADR TYPE SADR,
      GD_STR TYPE STRING.

DATA: lo_typedescr type REF TO cl_abap_typedescr.
DATA: lv_fieldname type fieldname.

FIELD-SYMBOLS: <FIELD> TYPE any.
FIELD-SYMBOLS: <SADR> TYPE SADR.

*Process all fields in table header/work area as string values
  PERFORM process_as_string_field_values CHANGING wa_SADR.

SELECT *
*restrict ABAP select to first 10 rows
 UP TO 10 ROWS      
  FROM SADR
  INTO TABLE IT_SADR.

*Select data and declare internal table using in-line method @DATA
*SELECT *
*  FROM SADR
*  INTO TABLE @DATA(IT_SADR2).
*--Further methods of using ABAP code to  select data from SAP database tables

*You can also declare the header/work area using the in-line DATA declaration method
READ TABLE IT_SADR INDEX 1 INTO DATA(WA_SADR2).


*Demonstrate how to loop at an internal table and update values using a FIELD-SYMBOL
LOOP AT IT_SADR ASSIGNING <SADR>.
*To update a field value using a field symbol simply change the value via the field symbol pointer
<SADR>-MANDT = 1.
<SADR>-ADRNR = 1.
<SADR>-NATIO = 1.
<SADR>-ANRED = 1.
<SADR>-NAME1 = 1.
ENDLOOP.

LOOP AT IT_SADR INTO WA_SADR.
*Write horizonal line to screen report.
  WRITE:/ sy-uline.

*Write selected data to screen/report before conversion.
  WRITE:/ sy-vline,   WA_SADR-NAME2, sy-vline,
WA_SADR-NAME3, sy-vline,
WA_SADR-NAME4, sy-vline,
WA_SADR-PSTLZ, sy-vline,
WA_SADR-ORT01, sy-vline,
WA_SADR-ORT02, sy-vline.
ENDLOOP. *Add any further fields from structure WA_SADR you want to display... WRITE:/ sy-uline. * Aternatively use generic code to Write field values (and NAME) to screen report DO. ASSIGN COMPONENT sy-index OF STRUCTURE wa_SADR TO <field>. IF sy-subrc <> 0. EXIT. ENDIF. WRITE:/ 'Field Value', <field>, sy-vline. gd_str = <field> . lo_typedescr ?= CL_ABAP_DATADESCR=>DESCRIBE_BY_DATA( <field> ). lv_fieldname = lo_typedescr->GET_RELATIVE_NAME( ). WRITE:/ 'Field Name', lv_fieldname. ENDDO. *Redo loop but convert all fields from internal to out value LOOP AT IT_SADR INTO WA_SADR. *Write horizonal line to screen report. WRITE:/ sy-uline. *Convert all fields to display/output versions using conversion routines PERFORM convert_all_field_values CHANGING wa_EKKO. ENDLOOP. *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* *& Form convert_all_field_values *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* FORM convert_all_field_values CHANGING p_EKKO LIKE wa_EKKO. DATA: ld_input(1000) TYPE c, ld_output(1000) TYPE C.

*Conversion exit ALPHA, internal->external for field ADRNR CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_ALPHA_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_SADR-ADRNR IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_SADR-ADRNR.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.

*Conversion exit ISOLA, internal->external for field SPRAS CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_ISOLA_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_SADR-SPRAS IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_SADR-SPRAS.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.

*Conversion exit ALPHA, internal->external for field COUNTY_CODE CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_ALPHA_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_SADR-COUNTY_CODE IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_SADR-COUNTY_CODE.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.

*Conversion exit ALPHA, internal->external for field TOWNSHIP_CODE CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_ALPHA_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_SADR-TOWNSHIP_CODE IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_SADR-TOWNSHIP_CODE.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.
ENDFORM. *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* *& Form process_as_string_field_values *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* FORM process_as_string_field_values CHANGING p_EKKO LIKE wa_EKKO. TYPES: BEGIN OF T_SADR_STR,
MANDT TYPE STRING,
ADRNR TYPE STRING,
NATIO TYPE STRING,
ANRED TYPE STRING,
NAME1 TYPE STRING,
NAME2 TYPE STRING,
NAME3 TYPE STRING,
NAME4 TYPE STRING,
PSTLZ TYPE STRING,
ORT01 TYPE STRING,
ORT02 TYPE STRING,
PSTL2 TYPE STRING,
PFACH TYPE STRING,
STRAS TYPE STRING,
STRS2 TYPE STRING,
HAUSN TYPE STRING,
STOCK TYPE STRING,
LAND1 TYPE STRING,
SORTL TYPE STRING,
SORT2 TYPE STRING,
SPRAS TYPE STRING,
LZONE TYPE STRING,
REGIO TYPE STRING,
PSTBZ TYPE STRING,
TELF1 TYPE STRING,
FLAG TYPE STRING,
TELFX TYPE STRING,
FLAG2 TYPE STRING,
TELTX TYPE STRING,
FLAG3 TYPE STRING,
TELX1 TYPE STRING,
FLAG4 TYPE STRING,
MAIAD TYPE STRING,
MAILN TYPE STRING,
STDKO TYPE STRING,
STDCOM TYPE STRING,
DBNAME TYPE STRING,
KLASSE TYPE STRING,
ANREK TYPE STRING,
CRNAM TYPE STRING,
CRDAT TYPE STRING,
CRTIM TYPE STRING,
CHNAM TYPE STRING,
CHDAT TYPE STRING,
CHTIM TYPE STRING,
DUEFL TYPE STRING,
TXJCD TYPE STRING,
PFORT TYPE STRING,
TZONE TYPE STRING,
COUNTY_CODE TYPE STRING,
COUNTY TYPE STRING,
TOWNSHIP_CODE TYPE STRING,
TOWNSHIP TYPE STRING,END OF T_EKKO_STR. DATA: WA_SADR_STR type T_EKKO_STR. DATA: ld_text TYPE string. LOOP AT IT_EKKO INTO WA_EKKO. MOVE-CORRESPONDING wa_EKKO TO WA_EKKO_STR. CONCATENATE: sy-vline
WA_SADR_STR-MANDT sy-vline
WA_SADR_STR-ADRNR sy-vline
WA_SADR_STR-NATIO sy-vline
WA_SADR_STR-ANRED sy-vline
WA_SADR_STR-NAME1 sy-vline
WA_SADR_STR-NAME2 sy-vline
WA_SADR_STR-NAME3 sy-vline
WA_SADR_STR-NAME4 sy-vline
WA_SADR_STR-PSTLZ sy-vline
WA_SADR_STR-ORT01 sy-vline
WA_SADR_STR-ORT02 sy-vline
WA_SADR_STR-PSTL2 sy-vline
WA_SADR_STR-PFACH sy-vline
WA_SADR_STR-STRAS sy-vline
WA_SADR_STR-STRS2 sy-vline
WA_SADR_STR-HAUSN sy-vline
WA_SADR_STR-STOCK sy-vline
WA_SADR_STR-LAND1 sy-vline
WA_SADR_STR-SORTL sy-vline
WA_SADR_STR-SORT2 sy-vline
WA_SADR_STR-SPRAS sy-vline
WA_SADR_STR-LZONE sy-vline
WA_SADR_STR-REGIO sy-vline
WA_SADR_STR-PSTBZ sy-vline
WA_SADR_STR-TELF1 sy-vline
WA_SADR_STR-FLAG sy-vline
WA_SADR_STR-TELFX sy-vline
WA_SADR_STR-FLAG2 sy-vline
WA_SADR_STR-TELTX sy-vline
WA_SADR_STR-FLAG3 sy-vline
WA_SADR_STR-TELX1 sy-vline
WA_SADR_STR-FLAG4 sy-vline
WA_SADR_STR-MAIAD sy-vline
WA_SADR_STR-MAILN sy-vline
WA_SADR_STR-STDKO sy-vline
WA_SADR_STR-STDCOM sy-vline
WA_SADR_STR-DBNAME sy-vline
WA_SADR_STR-KLASSE sy-vline
WA_SADR_STR-ANREK sy-vline
WA_SADR_STR-CRNAM sy-vline
WA_SADR_STR-CRDAT sy-vline
WA_SADR_STR-CRTIM sy-vline
WA_SADR_STR-CHNAM sy-vline
WA_SADR_STR-CHDAT sy-vline
WA_SADR_STR-CHTIM sy-vline
WA_SADR_STR-DUEFL sy-vline
WA_SADR_STR-TXJCD sy-vline
WA_SADR_STR-PFORT sy-vline
WA_SADR_STR-TZONE sy-vline
WA_SADR_STR-COUNTY_CODE sy-vline
WA_SADR_STR-COUNTY sy-vline
WA_SADR_STR-TOWNSHIP_CODE sy-vline
WA_SADR_STR-TOWNSHIP sy-vline INTO ld_text SEPARATED BY SPACE. *Add any further fields from structure WA_EKKO_STR you want to CONCATENATE... ENDLOOP. ENDFORM.