ABAP Select data from SAP table S001BIWS into internal table



Get Example source ABAP code based on a different SAP table
  

Below is a number of ABAP code snippets to demonstrate how to select data from SAP S001BIWS table and store it within an internal table, including using the newer @DATA inline declaration methods. It also shows you various ways to process this data using ABAP work area, inline declaration or field symbols including executing all the relevant CONVERSION_EXIT routines specific to S001BIWS. See here for more generic Select statement tips.

Sometimes data within SAP is stored within the database table in a different format to what it is displayed to the user. These input/output conversation FM routines are what translates the data between the two formats.

There is also a full declaration of the S001BIWS table where each field has a char/string type for you to simply copy and paste. This allows you to use processing that is only available to these field types such as the CONCATENATE statement.

DATA: IT_S001BIWS TYPE STANDARD TABLE OF S001BIWS,
      WA_S001BIWS TYPE S001BIWS,
      GD_STR TYPE STRING.

DATA: lo_typedescr type REF TO cl_abap_typedescr.
DATA: lv_fieldname type fieldname.

FIELD-SYMBOLS: <FIELD> TYPE any.
FIELD-SYMBOLS: <S001BIWS> TYPE S001BIWS.

*Process all fields in table header/work area as string values
  PERFORM process_as_string_field_values CHANGING wa_S001BIWS.

SELECT *
*restrict ABAP select to first 10 rows
 UP TO 10 ROWS      
  FROM S001BIWS
  INTO TABLE IT_S001BIWS.

*Select data and declare internal table using in-line method @DATA
*SELECT *
*  FROM S001BIWS
*  INTO TABLE @DATA(IT_S001BIWS2).
*--Further methods of using ABAP code to  select data from SAP database tables

*You can also declare the header/work area using the in-line DATA declaration method
READ TABLE IT_S001BIWS INDEX 1 INTO DATA(WA_S001BIWS2).


*Demonstrate how to loop at an internal table and update values using a FIELD-SYMBOL
LOOP AT IT_S001BIWS ASSIGNING <S001BIWS>.
*To update a field value using a field symbol simply change the value via the field symbol pointer
<S001BIWS>-STORNO = 1.
<S001BIWS>-WRTTP = 1.
<S001BIWS>-VRSIO = 1.
<S001BIWS>-SPMON = 1.
<S001BIWS>-SPTAG = 1.
ENDLOOP.

LOOP AT IT_S001BIWS INTO WA_S001BIWS.
*Write horizonal line to screen report.
  WRITE:/ sy-uline.

*Write selected data to screen/report before conversion.
  WRITE:/ sy-vline,   WA_S001BIWS-SPWOC, sy-vline,
WA_S001BIWS-SPBUP, sy-vline,
WA_S001BIWS-KUNNR, sy-vline,
WA_S001BIWS-VKORG, sy-vline,
WA_S001BIWS-VTWEG, sy-vline,
WA_S001BIWS-SPART, sy-vline.
ENDLOOP. *Add any further fields from structure WA_S001BIWS you want to display... WRITE:/ sy-uline. * Aternatively use generic code to Write field values (and NAME) to screen report DO. ASSIGN COMPONENT sy-index OF STRUCTURE wa_S001BIWS TO <field>. IF sy-subrc <> 0. EXIT. ENDIF. WRITE:/ 'Field Value', <field>, sy-vline. gd_str = <field> . lo_typedescr ?= CL_ABAP_DATADESCR=>DESCRIBE_BY_DATA( <field> ). lv_fieldname = lo_typedescr->GET_RELATIVE_NAME( ). WRITE:/ 'Field Name', lv_fieldname. ENDDO. *Redo loop but convert all fields from internal to out value LOOP AT IT_S001BIWS INTO WA_S001BIWS. *Write horizonal line to screen report. WRITE:/ sy-uline. *Convert all fields to display/output versions using conversion routines PERFORM convert_all_field_values CHANGING wa_EKKO. ENDLOOP. *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* *& Form convert_all_field_values *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* FORM convert_all_field_values CHANGING p_EKKO LIKE wa_EKKO. DATA: ld_input(1000) TYPE c, ld_output(1000) TYPE C.

*Conversion exit PERI6, internal->external for field SPMON CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_PERI6_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_S001BIWS-SPMON IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_S001BIWS-SPMON.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.

*Conversion exit PERI6, internal->external for field SPWOC CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_PERI6_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_S001BIWS-SPWOC IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_S001BIWS-SPWOC.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.

*Conversion exit PERI7, internal->external for field SPBUP CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_PERI7_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_S001BIWS-SPBUP IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_S001BIWS-SPBUP.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.

*Conversion exit ALPHA, internal->external for field KUNNR CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_ALPHA_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_S001BIWS-KUNNR IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_S001BIWS-KUNNR.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.

*Conversion exit MATN1, internal->external for field MATNR CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_MATN1_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_S001BIWS-MATNR IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_S001BIWS-MATNR.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.

*Conversion exit CUNIT, internal->external for field BASME CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_CUNIT_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_S001BIWS-BASME IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_S001BIWS-BASME.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.
ENDFORM. *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* *& Form process_as_string_field_values *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* FORM process_as_string_field_values CHANGING p_EKKO LIKE wa_EKKO. TYPES: BEGIN OF T_S001BIWS_STR,
STORNO TYPE STRING,
WRTTP TYPE STRING,
VRSIO TYPE STRING,
SPMON TYPE STRING,
SPTAG TYPE STRING,
SPWOC TYPE STRING,
SPBUP TYPE STRING,
KUNNR TYPE STRING,
VKORG TYPE STRING,
VTWEG TYPE STRING,
SPART TYPE STRING,
MATNR TYPE STRING,
PERIV TYPE STRING,
STWAE TYPE STRING,
BASME TYPE STRING,
AENETWR TYPE STRING,
UMNETWR TYPE STRING,
OAUWE TYPE STRING,
RENETWR TYPE STRING,
GUNETWR TYPE STRING,
AEMENGE TYPE STRING,
UMMENGE TYPE STRING,
OAUME TYPE STRING,
REMENGE TYPE STRING,
GUMENGE TYPE STRING,
ANZAUPOS TYPE STRING,
ANZREPOS TYPE STRING,
AEWAVWR TYPE STRING,
UMWAVWR TYPE STRING,
REWAVWR TYPE STRING,
GUWAVWR TYPE STRING,
AEKZWI1 TYPE STRING,
UMKZWI1 TYPE STRING,
REKZWI1 TYPE STRING,
GUKZWI1 TYPE STRING,
AEKZWI2 TYPE STRING,
UMKZWI2 TYPE STRING,
REKZWI2 TYPE STRING,
GUKZWI2 TYPE STRING,
AEKZWI3 TYPE STRING,
UMKZWI3 TYPE STRING,
REKZWI3 TYPE STRING,
GUKZWI3 TYPE STRING,
AEKZWI4 TYPE STRING,
UMKZWI4 TYPE STRING,
REKZWI4 TYPE STRING,
GUKZWI4 TYPE STRING,
AEKZWI5 TYPE STRING,
UMKZWI5 TYPE STRING,
REKZWI5 TYPE STRING,
GUKZWI5 TYPE STRING,
AEKZWI6 TYPE STRING,
UMKZWI6 TYPE STRING,
REKZWI6 TYPE STRING,
GUKZWI6 TYPE STRING,END OF T_EKKO_STR. DATA: WA_S001BIWS_STR type T_EKKO_STR. DATA: ld_text TYPE string. LOOP AT IT_EKKO INTO WA_EKKO. MOVE-CORRESPONDING wa_EKKO TO WA_EKKO_STR. CONCATENATE: sy-vline
WA_S001BIWS_STR-STORNO sy-vline
WA_S001BIWS_STR-WRTTP sy-vline
WA_S001BIWS_STR-VRSIO sy-vline
WA_S001BIWS_STR-SPMON sy-vline
WA_S001BIWS_STR-SPTAG sy-vline
WA_S001BIWS_STR-SPWOC sy-vline
WA_S001BIWS_STR-SPBUP sy-vline
WA_S001BIWS_STR-KUNNR sy-vline
WA_S001BIWS_STR-VKORG sy-vline
WA_S001BIWS_STR-VTWEG sy-vline
WA_S001BIWS_STR-SPART sy-vline
WA_S001BIWS_STR-MATNR sy-vline
WA_S001BIWS_STR-PERIV sy-vline
WA_S001BIWS_STR-STWAE sy-vline
WA_S001BIWS_STR-BASME sy-vline
WA_S001BIWS_STR-AENETWR sy-vline
WA_S001BIWS_STR-UMNETWR sy-vline
WA_S001BIWS_STR-OAUWE sy-vline
WA_S001BIWS_STR-RENETWR sy-vline
WA_S001BIWS_STR-GUNETWR sy-vline
WA_S001BIWS_STR-AEMENGE sy-vline
WA_S001BIWS_STR-UMMENGE sy-vline
WA_S001BIWS_STR-OAUME sy-vline
WA_S001BIWS_STR-REMENGE sy-vline
WA_S001BIWS_STR-GUMENGE sy-vline
WA_S001BIWS_STR-ANZAUPOS sy-vline
WA_S001BIWS_STR-ANZREPOS sy-vline
WA_S001BIWS_STR-AEWAVWR sy-vline
WA_S001BIWS_STR-UMWAVWR sy-vline
WA_S001BIWS_STR-REWAVWR sy-vline
WA_S001BIWS_STR-GUWAVWR sy-vline
WA_S001BIWS_STR-AEKZWI1 sy-vline
WA_S001BIWS_STR-UMKZWI1 sy-vline
WA_S001BIWS_STR-REKZWI1 sy-vline
WA_S001BIWS_STR-GUKZWI1 sy-vline
WA_S001BIWS_STR-AEKZWI2 sy-vline
WA_S001BIWS_STR-UMKZWI2 sy-vline
WA_S001BIWS_STR-REKZWI2 sy-vline
WA_S001BIWS_STR-GUKZWI2 sy-vline
WA_S001BIWS_STR-AEKZWI3 sy-vline
WA_S001BIWS_STR-UMKZWI3 sy-vline
WA_S001BIWS_STR-REKZWI3 sy-vline
WA_S001BIWS_STR-GUKZWI3 sy-vline
WA_S001BIWS_STR-AEKZWI4 sy-vline
WA_S001BIWS_STR-UMKZWI4 sy-vline
WA_S001BIWS_STR-REKZWI4 sy-vline
WA_S001BIWS_STR-GUKZWI4 sy-vline
WA_S001BIWS_STR-AEKZWI5 sy-vline
WA_S001BIWS_STR-UMKZWI5 sy-vline
WA_S001BIWS_STR-REKZWI5 sy-vline
WA_S001BIWS_STR-GUKZWI5 sy-vline
WA_S001BIWS_STR-AEKZWI6 sy-vline
WA_S001BIWS_STR-UMKZWI6 sy-vline
WA_S001BIWS_STR-REKZWI6 sy-vline
WA_S001BIWS_STR-GUKZWI6 sy-vline INTO ld_text SEPARATED BY SPACE. *Add any further fields from structure WA_EKKO_STR you want to CONCATENATE... ENDLOOP. ENDFORM.