ABAP Select data from SAP table KWDEL_HEAD into internal table



Get Example source ABAP code based on a different SAP table
  

Below is a number of ABAP code snippets to demonstrate how to select data from SAP KWDEL_HEAD table and store it within an internal table, including using the newer @DATA inline declaration methods. It also shows you various ways to process this data using ABAP work area, inline declaration or field symbols including executing all the relevant CONVERSION_EXIT routines specific to KWDEL_HEAD. See here for more generic Select statement tips.

Sometimes data within SAP is stored within the database table in a different format to what it is displayed to the user. These input/output conversation FM routines are what translates the data between the two formats.

There is also a full declaration of the KWDEL_HEAD table where each field has a char/string type for you to simply copy and paste. This allows you to use processing that is only available to these field types such as the CONCATENATE statement.

DATA: IT_KWDEL_HEAD TYPE STANDARD TABLE OF KWDEL_HEAD,
      WA_KWDEL_HEAD TYPE KWDEL_HEAD,
      GD_STR TYPE STRING.

DATA: lo_typedescr type REF TO cl_abap_typedescr.
DATA: lv_fieldname type fieldname.

FIELD-SYMBOLS: <FIELD> TYPE any.
FIELD-SYMBOLS: <KWDEL_HEAD> TYPE KWDEL_HEAD.

*Process all fields in table header/work area as string values
  PERFORM process_as_string_field_values CHANGING wa_KWDEL_HEAD.

SELECT *
*restrict ABAP select to first 10 rows
 UP TO 10 ROWS      
  FROM KWDEL_HEAD
  INTO TABLE IT_KWDEL_HEAD.

*Select data and declare internal table using in-line method @DATA
*SELECT *
*  FROM KWDEL_HEAD
*  INTO TABLE @DATA(IT_KWDEL_HEAD2).
*--Further methods of using ABAP code to  select data from SAP database tables

*You can also declare the header/work area using the in-line DATA declaration method
READ TABLE IT_KWDEL_HEAD INDEX 1 INTO DATA(WA_KWDEL_HEAD2).


*Demonstrate how to loop at an internal table and update values using a FIELD-SYMBOL
LOOP AT IT_KWDEL_HEAD ASSIGNING <KWDEL_HEAD>.
*To update a field value using a field symbol simply change the value via the field symbol pointer
<KWDEL_HEAD>-ID_RESULT = 1.
<KWDEL_HEAD>-FOLDER_CLASS = 1.
<KWDEL_HEAD>-FOLDER_ID = 1.
<KWDEL_HEAD>-DEL_MODUS = 1.
<KWDEL_HEAD>-IND = 1.
ENDLOOP.

LOOP AT IT_KWDEL_HEAD INTO WA_KWDEL_HEAD.
*Write horizonal line to screen report.
  WRITE:/ sy-uline.

*Write selected data to screen/report before conversion.
  WRITE:/ sy-vline,   WA_KWDEL_HEAD-IND_REL, sy-vline,
WA_KWDEL_HEAD-LANGUAGE, sy-vline,
WA_KWDEL_HEAD-COUNTRY, sy-vline,
WA_KWDEL_HEAD-PARAMETERS, sy-vline,
WA_KWDEL_HEAD-MODI_USER, sy-vline,
WA_KWDEL_HEAD-MODI_DATE, sy-vline.
ENDLOOP. *Add any further fields from structure WA_KWDEL_HEAD you want to display... WRITE:/ sy-uline. * Aternatively use generic code to Write field values (and NAME) to screen report DO. ASSIGN COMPONENT sy-index OF STRUCTURE wa_KWDEL_HEAD TO <field>. IF sy-subrc <> 0. EXIT. ENDIF. WRITE:/ 'Field Value', <field>, sy-vline. gd_str = <field> . lo_typedescr ?= CL_ABAP_DATADESCR=>DESCRIBE_BY_DATA( <field> ). lv_fieldname = lo_typedescr->GET_RELATIVE_NAME( ). WRITE:/ 'Field Name', lv_fieldname. ENDDO. *Redo loop but convert all fields from internal to out value LOOP AT IT_KWDEL_HEAD INTO WA_KWDEL_HEAD. *Write horizonal line to screen report. WRITE:/ sy-uline. *Convert all fields to display/output versions using conversion routines PERFORM convert_all_field_values CHANGING wa_EKKO. ENDLOOP. *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* *& Form convert_all_field_values *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* FORM convert_all_field_values CHANGING p_EKKO LIKE wa_EKKO. DATA: ld_input(1000) TYPE c, ld_output(1000) TYPE C.

*Conversion exit ISOLA, internal->external for field LANGUAGE CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_ISOLA_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_KWDEL_HEAD-LANGUAGE IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_KWDEL_HEAD-LANGUAGE.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.

*Conversion exit TSTLC, internal->external for field MODI_DATE CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_TSTLC_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_KWDEL_HEAD-MODI_DATE IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_KWDEL_HEAD-MODI_DATE.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.
ENDFORM. *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* *& Form process_as_string_field_values *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* FORM process_as_string_field_values CHANGING p_EKKO LIKE wa_EKKO. TYPES: BEGIN OF T_KWDEL_HEAD_STR,
ID_RESULT TYPE STRING,
FOLDER_CLASS TYPE STRING,
FOLDER_ID TYPE STRING,
DEL_MODUS TYPE STRING,
IND TYPE STRING,
IND_REL TYPE STRING,
LANGUAGE TYPE STRING,
COUNTRY TYPE STRING,
PARAMETERS TYPE STRING,
MODI_USER TYPE STRING,
MODI_DATE TYPE STRING,
JOB_NAME TYPE STRING,
TECHNAME TYPE STRING,END OF T_EKKO_STR. DATA: WA_KWDEL_HEAD_STR type T_EKKO_STR. DATA: ld_text TYPE string. LOOP AT IT_EKKO INTO WA_EKKO. MOVE-CORRESPONDING wa_EKKO TO WA_EKKO_STR. CONCATENATE: sy-vline
WA_KWDEL_HEAD_STR-ID_RESULT sy-vline
WA_KWDEL_HEAD_STR-FOLDER_CLASS sy-vline
WA_KWDEL_HEAD_STR-FOLDER_ID sy-vline
WA_KWDEL_HEAD_STR-DEL_MODUS sy-vline
WA_KWDEL_HEAD_STR-IND sy-vline
WA_KWDEL_HEAD_STR-IND_REL sy-vline
WA_KWDEL_HEAD_STR-LANGUAGE sy-vline
WA_KWDEL_HEAD_STR-COUNTRY sy-vline
WA_KWDEL_HEAD_STR-PARAMETERS sy-vline
WA_KWDEL_HEAD_STR-MODI_USER sy-vline
WA_KWDEL_HEAD_STR-MODI_DATE sy-vline
WA_KWDEL_HEAD_STR-JOB_NAME sy-vline
WA_KWDEL_HEAD_STR-TECHNAME sy-vline INTO ld_text SEPARATED BY SPACE. *Add any further fields from structure WA_EKKO_STR you want to CONCATENATE... ENDLOOP. ENDFORM.