ABAP Select data from SAP table KLCOLPERC into internal table



Get Example source ABAP code based on a different SAP table
  

Below is a number of ABAP code snippets to demonstrate how to select data from SAP KLCOLPERC table and store it within an internal table, including using the newer @DATA inline declaration methods. It also shows you various ways to process this data using ABAP work area, inline declaration or field symbols including executing all the relevant CONVERSION_EXIT routines specific to KLCOLPERC. See here for more generic Select statement tips.

Sometimes data within SAP is stored within the database table in a different format to what it is displayed to the user. These input/output conversation FM routines are what translates the data between the two formats.

There is also a full declaration of the KLCOLPERC table where each field has a char/string type for you to simply copy and paste. This allows you to use processing that is only available to these field types such as the CONCATENATE statement.

DATA: IT_KLCOLPERC TYPE STANDARD TABLE OF KLCOLPERC,
      WA_KLCOLPERC TYPE KLCOLPERC,
      GD_STR TYPE STRING.

DATA: lo_typedescr type REF TO cl_abap_typedescr.
DATA: lv_fieldname type fieldname.

FIELD-SYMBOLS: <FIELD> TYPE any.
FIELD-SYMBOLS: <KLCOLPERC> TYPE KLCOLPERC.

*Process all fields in table header/work area as string values
  PERFORM process_as_string_field_values CHANGING wa_KLCOLPERC.

SELECT *
*restrict ABAP select to first 10 rows
 UP TO 10 ROWS      
  FROM KLCOLPERC
  INTO TABLE IT_KLCOLPERC.

*Select data and declare internal table using in-line method @DATA
*SELECT *
*  FROM KLCOLPERC
*  INTO TABLE @DATA(IT_KLCOLPERC2).
*--Further methods of using ABAP code to  select data from SAP database tables

*You can also declare the header/work area using the in-line DATA declaration method
READ TABLE IT_KLCOLPERC INDEX 1 INTO DATA(WA_KLCOLPERC2).


*Demonstrate how to loop at an internal table and update values using a FIELD-SYMBOL
LOOP AT IT_KLCOLPERC ASSIGNING <KLCOLPERC>.
*To update a field value using a field symbol simply change the value via the field symbol pointer
<KLCOLPERC>-SID = 1.
<KLCOLPERC>-SIDEXT = 1.
<KLCOLPERC>-DOBJNR = 1.
<KLCOLPERC>-BESITYP = 1.
<KLCOLPERC>-SIART = 1.
ENDLOOP.

LOOP AT IT_KLCOLPERC INTO WA_KLCOLPERC.
*Write horizonal line to screen report.
  WRITE:/ sy-uline.

*Write selected data to screen/report before conversion.
  WRITE:/ sy-vline,   WA_KLCOLPERC-SIPRIO, sy-vline,
WA_KLCOLPERC-MANDT, sy-vline,
WA_KLCOLPERC-OBJNR, sy-vline,
WA_KLCOLPERC-BUKRS, sy-vline,
WA_KLCOLPERC-PARTNR, sy-vline,
WA_KLCOLPERC-SLPG, sy-vline.
ENDLOOP. *Add any further fields from structure WA_KLCOLPERC you want to display... WRITE:/ sy-uline. * Aternatively use generic code to Write field values (and NAME) to screen report DO. ASSIGN COMPONENT sy-index OF STRUCTURE wa_KLCOLPERC TO <field>. IF sy-subrc <> 0. EXIT. ENDIF. WRITE:/ 'Field Value', <field>, sy-vline. gd_str = <field> . lo_typedescr ?= CL_ABAP_DATADESCR=>DESCRIBE_BY_DATA( <field> ). lv_fieldname = lo_typedescr->GET_RELATIVE_NAME( ). WRITE:/ 'Field Name', lv_fieldname. ENDDO. *Redo loop but convert all fields from internal to out value LOOP AT IT_KLCOLPERC INTO WA_KLCOLPERC. *Write horizonal line to screen report. WRITE:/ sy-uline. *Convert all fields to display/output versions using conversion routines PERFORM convert_all_field_values CHANGING wa_EKKO. ENDLOOP. *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* *& Form convert_all_field_values *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* FORM convert_all_field_values CHANGING p_EKKO LIKE wa_EKKO. DATA: ld_input(1000) TYPE c, ld_output(1000) TYPE C.

*Conversion exit ALPHA, internal->external for field PARTNR CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_ALPHA_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_KLCOLPERC-PARTNR IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_KLCOLPERC-PARTNR.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.
ENDFORM. *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* *& Form process_as_string_field_values *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* FORM process_as_string_field_values CHANGING p_EKKO LIKE wa_EKKO. TYPES: BEGIN OF T_KLCOLPERC_STR,
SID TYPE STRING,
SIDEXT TYPE STRING,
DOBJNR TYPE STRING,
BESITYP TYPE STRING,
SIART TYPE STRING,
SIPRIO TYPE STRING,
MANDT TYPE STRING,
OBJNR TYPE STRING,
BUKRS TYPE STRING,
PARTNR TYPE STRING,
SLPG TYPE STRING,
RPORTB TYPE STRING,
RDEALER TYPE STRING,
WAERS TYPE STRING,
CONTROL01 TYPE STRING,
INTORG TYPE STRING,
RCOUNTRY TYPE STRING,
COUNTRY TYPE STRING,
SECTOR TYPE STRING,
RATING TYPE STRING,
CRATING TYPE STRING,
RRFIND TYPE STRING,
CEQCLASS TYPE STRING,
LEQCLASS TYPE STRING,
SKE TYPE STRING,
SPS TYPE STRING,
LRB TYPE STRING,
SRE TYPE STRING,
SARAKT TYPE STRING,
SLRAKT TYPE STRING,
ARR TYPE STRING,
DFIKT TYPE STRING,
SKALID TYPE STRING,
DMWAE TYPE STRING,
DRBD TYPE STRING,
DBLFZ TYPE STRING,
DELFZ TYPE STRING,
DBMWAE TYPE STRING,
DFIKTVGL TYPE STRING,
BESANT TYPE STRING,
BESANTP TYPE STRING,END OF T_EKKO_STR. DATA: WA_KLCOLPERC_STR type T_EKKO_STR. DATA: ld_text TYPE string. LOOP AT IT_EKKO INTO WA_EKKO. MOVE-CORRESPONDING wa_EKKO TO WA_EKKO_STR. CONCATENATE: sy-vline
WA_KLCOLPERC_STR-SID sy-vline
WA_KLCOLPERC_STR-SIDEXT sy-vline
WA_KLCOLPERC_STR-DOBJNR sy-vline
WA_KLCOLPERC_STR-BESITYP sy-vline
WA_KLCOLPERC_STR-SIART sy-vline
WA_KLCOLPERC_STR-SIPRIO sy-vline
WA_KLCOLPERC_STR-MANDT sy-vline
WA_KLCOLPERC_STR-OBJNR sy-vline
WA_KLCOLPERC_STR-BUKRS sy-vline
WA_KLCOLPERC_STR-PARTNR sy-vline
WA_KLCOLPERC_STR-SLPG sy-vline
WA_KLCOLPERC_STR-RPORTB sy-vline
WA_KLCOLPERC_STR-RDEALER sy-vline
WA_KLCOLPERC_STR-WAERS sy-vline
WA_KLCOLPERC_STR-CONTROL01 sy-vline
WA_KLCOLPERC_STR-INTORG sy-vline
WA_KLCOLPERC_STR-RCOUNTRY sy-vline
WA_KLCOLPERC_STR-COUNTRY sy-vline
WA_KLCOLPERC_STR-SECTOR sy-vline
WA_KLCOLPERC_STR-RATING sy-vline
WA_KLCOLPERC_STR-CRATING sy-vline
WA_KLCOLPERC_STR-RRFIND sy-vline
WA_KLCOLPERC_STR-CEQCLASS sy-vline
WA_KLCOLPERC_STR-LEQCLASS sy-vline
WA_KLCOLPERC_STR-SKE sy-vline
WA_KLCOLPERC_STR-SPS sy-vline
WA_KLCOLPERC_STR-LRB sy-vline
WA_KLCOLPERC_STR-SRE sy-vline
WA_KLCOLPERC_STR-SARAKT sy-vline
WA_KLCOLPERC_STR-SLRAKT sy-vline
WA_KLCOLPERC_STR-ARR sy-vline
WA_KLCOLPERC_STR-DFIKT sy-vline
WA_KLCOLPERC_STR-SKALID sy-vline
WA_KLCOLPERC_STR-DMWAE sy-vline
WA_KLCOLPERC_STR-DRBD sy-vline
WA_KLCOLPERC_STR-DBLFZ sy-vline
WA_KLCOLPERC_STR-DELFZ sy-vline
WA_KLCOLPERC_STR-DBMWAE sy-vline
WA_KLCOLPERC_STR-DFIKTVGL sy-vline
WA_KLCOLPERC_STR-BESANT sy-vline
WA_KLCOLPERC_STR-BESANTP sy-vline INTO ld_text SEPARATED BY SPACE. *Add any further fields from structure WA_EKKO_STR you want to CONCATENATE... ENDLOOP. ENDFORM.