ABAP Select data from SAP table EREC_S_HROBJECT into internal table



Get Example source ABAP code based on a different SAP table
  

Below is a number of ABAP code snippets to demonstrate how to select data from SAP EREC_S_HROBJECT table and store it within an internal table, including using the newer @DATA inline declaration methods. It also shows you various ways to process this data using ABAP work area, inline declaration or field symbols including executing all the relevant CONVERSION_EXIT routines specific to EREC_S_HROBJECT. See here for more generic Select statement tips.

Sometimes data within SAP is stored within the database table in a different format to what it is displayed to the user. These input/output conversation FM routines are what translates the data between the two formats.

There is also a full declaration of the EREC_S_HROBJECT table where each field has a char/string type for you to simply copy and paste. This allows you to use processing that is only available to these field types such as the CONCATENATE statement.

DATA: IT_EREC_S_HROBJECT TYPE STANDARD TABLE OF EREC_S_HROBJECT,
      WA_EREC_S_HROBJECT TYPE EREC_S_HROBJECT,
      GD_STR TYPE STRING.

DATA: lo_typedescr type REF TO cl_abap_typedescr.
DATA: lv_fieldname type fieldname.

FIELD-SYMBOLS: <FIELD> TYPE any.
FIELD-SYMBOLS: <EREC_S_HROBJECT> TYPE EREC_S_HROBJECT.

*Process all fields in table header/work area as string values
  PERFORM process_as_string_field_values CHANGING wa_EREC_S_HROBJECT.

SELECT *
*restrict ABAP select to first 10 rows
 UP TO 10 ROWS      
  FROM EREC_S_HROBJECT
  INTO TABLE IT_EREC_S_HROBJECT.

*Select data and declare internal table using in-line method @DATA
*SELECT *
*  FROM EREC_S_HROBJECT
*  INTO TABLE @DATA(IT_EREC_S_HROBJECT2).
*--Further methods of using ABAP code to  select data from SAP database tables

*You can also declare the header/work area using the in-line DATA declaration method
READ TABLE IT_EREC_S_HROBJECT INDEX 1 INTO DATA(WA_EREC_S_HROBJECT2).


*Demonstrate how to loop at an internal table and update values using a FIELD-SYMBOL
LOOP AT IT_EREC_S_HROBJECT ASSIGNING <EREC_S_HROBJECT>.
*To update a field value using a field symbol simply change the value via the field symbol pointer
<EREC_S_HROBJECT>-PLVAR = 1.
<EREC_S_HROBJECT>-OTYPE = 1.
<EREC_S_HROBJECT>-OBJID = 1.
ENDLOOP.

LOOP AT IT_EREC_S_HROBJECT INTO WA_EREC_S_HROBJECT.
*Write horizonal line to screen report.
  WRITE:/ sy-uline.

*Write selected data to screen/report before conversion.
  WRITE:/ sy-vline, ENDLOOP.
   
*Add any further fields from structure WA_EREC_S_HROBJECT you want to display...

  WRITE:/ sy-uline.
* Aternatively use generic code to Write field values (and NAME) to screen report
  DO.
    ASSIGN COMPONENT sy-index OF STRUCTURE wa_EREC_S_HROBJECT TO <field>.
    IF sy-subrc <> 0. EXIT. ENDIF.
    WRITE:/ 'Field Value', <field>, sy-vline.
    gd_str = <field> .
    lo_typedescr ?= CL_ABAP_DATADESCR=>DESCRIBE_BY_DATA( <field> ).
    lv_fieldname = lo_typedescr->GET_RELATIVE_NAME( ).
    WRITE:/ 'Field Name', lv_fieldname.
  ENDDO.

  
*Redo loop but convert all fields from internal to out value  
LOOP AT IT_EREC_S_HROBJECT INTO WA_EREC_S_HROBJECT.


*Write horizonal line to screen report.
  WRITE:/ sy-uline.

*Convert all fields to display/output versions using conversion routines
  PERFORM convert_all_field_values CHANGING wa_EKKO.
	 
ENDLOOP.

  
*&---------------------------------------------------------------------*
*& Form convert_all_field_values
*&---------------------------------------------------------------------*
FORM convert_all_field_values CHANGING p_EKKO LIKE wa_EKKO.
DATA: ld_input(1000) TYPE c, ld_output(1000) TYPE C.
ENDFORM. *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* *& Form process_as_string_field_values *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* FORM process_as_string_field_values CHANGING p_EKKO LIKE wa_EKKO. TYPES: BEGIN OF T_EREC_S_HROBJECT_STR,
PLVAR TYPE STRING,
OTYPE TYPE STRING,
OBJID TYPE STRING,END OF T_EKKO_STR. DATA: WA_EREC_S_HROBJECT_STR type T_EKKO_STR. DATA: ld_text TYPE string. LOOP AT IT_EKKO INTO WA_EKKO. MOVE-CORRESPONDING wa_EKKO TO WA_EKKO_STR. CONCATENATE: sy-vline
WA_EREC_S_HROBJECT_STR-PLVAR sy-vline
WA_EREC_S_HROBJECT_STR-OTYPE sy-vline
WA_EREC_S_HROBJECT_STR-OBJID sy-vline INTO ld_text SEPARATED BY SPACE. *Add any further fields from structure WA_EKKO_STR you want to CONCATENATE... ENDLOOP. ENDFORM.