ABAP Select data from SAP table CUKB into internal table



Get Example source ABAP code based on a different SAP table
  

Below is a number of ABAP code snippets to demonstrate how to select data from SAP CUKB table and store it within an internal table, including using the newer @DATA inline declaration methods. It also shows you various ways to process this data using ABAP work area, inline declaration or field symbols including executing all the relevant CONVERSION_EXIT routines specific to CUKB. See here for more generic Select statement tips.

Sometimes data within SAP is stored within the database table in a different format to what it is displayed to the user. These input/output conversation FM routines are what translates the data between the two formats.

There is also a full declaration of the CUKB table where each field has a char/string type for you to simply copy and paste. This allows you to use processing that is only available to these field types such as the CONCATENATE statement.

DATA: IT_CUKB TYPE STANDARD TABLE OF CUKB,
      WA_CUKB TYPE CUKB,
      GD_STR TYPE STRING.

DATA: lo_typedescr type REF TO cl_abap_typedescr.
DATA: lv_fieldname type fieldname.

FIELD-SYMBOLS: <FIELD> TYPE any.
FIELD-SYMBOLS: <CUKB> TYPE CUKB.

*Process all fields in table header/work area as string values
  PERFORM process_as_string_field_values CHANGING wa_CUKB.

SELECT *
*restrict ABAP select to first 10 rows
 UP TO 10 ROWS      
  FROM CUKB
  INTO TABLE IT_CUKB.

*Select data and declare internal table using in-line method @DATA
*SELECT *
*  FROM CUKB
*  INTO TABLE @DATA(IT_CUKB2).
*--Further methods of using ABAP code to  select data from SAP database tables

*You can also declare the header/work area using the in-line DATA declaration method
READ TABLE IT_CUKB INDEX 1 INTO DATA(WA_CUKB2).


*Demonstrate how to loop at an internal table and update values using a FIELD-SYMBOL
LOOP AT IT_CUKB ASSIGNING <CUKB>.
*To update a field value using a field symbol simply change the value via the field symbol pointer
<CUKB>-MANDT = 1.
<CUKB>-KNNUM = 1.
<CUKB>-ADZHL = 1.
<CUKB>-KNNAM = 1.
<CUKB>-KNART = 1.
ENDLOOP.

LOOP AT IT_CUKB INTO WA_CUKB.
*Write horizonal line to screen report.
  WRITE:/ sy-uline.

*Write selected data to screen/report before conversion.
  WRITE:/ sy-vline,   WA_CUKB-KNART2, sy-vline,
WA_CUKB-KNSOFT, sy-vline,
WA_CUKB-KNVER, sy-vline,
WA_CUKB-KNVER2, sy-vline,
WA_CUKB-KNSCE, sy-vline,
WA_CUKB-KNSTA, sy-vline.
ENDLOOP. *Add any further fields from structure WA_CUKB you want to display... WRITE:/ sy-uline. * Aternatively use generic code to Write field values (and NAME) to screen report DO. ASSIGN COMPONENT sy-index OF STRUCTURE wa_CUKB TO <field>. IF sy-subrc <> 0. EXIT. ENDIF. WRITE:/ 'Field Value', <field>, sy-vline. gd_str = <field> . lo_typedescr ?= CL_ABAP_DATADESCR=>DESCRIBE_BY_DATA( <field> ). lv_fieldname = lo_typedescr->GET_RELATIVE_NAME( ). WRITE:/ 'Field Name', lv_fieldname. ENDDO. *Redo loop but convert all fields from internal to out value LOOP AT IT_CUKB INTO WA_CUKB. *Write horizonal line to screen report. WRITE:/ sy-uline. *Convert all fields to display/output versions using conversion routines PERFORM convert_all_field_values CHANGING wa_EKKO. ENDLOOP. *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* *& Form convert_all_field_values *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* FORM convert_all_field_values CHANGING p_EKKO LIKE wa_EKKO. DATA: ld_input(1000) TYPE c, ld_output(1000) TYPE C.

*Conversion exit AENNR, internal->external for field AENNR CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_AENNR_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_CUKB-AENNR IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_CUKB-AENNR.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.
ENDFORM. *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* *& Form process_as_string_field_values *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* FORM process_as_string_field_values CHANGING p_EKKO LIKE wa_EKKO. TYPES: BEGIN OF T_CUKB_STR,
MANDT TYPE STRING,
KNNUM TYPE STRING,
ADZHL TYPE STRING,
KNNAM TYPE STRING,
KNART TYPE STRING,
KNART2 TYPE STRING,
KNSOFT TYPE STRING,
KNVER TYPE STRING,
KNVER2 TYPE STRING,
KNSCE TYPE STRING,
KNSTA TYPE STRING,
KNEDT TYPE STRING,
KNEUS TYPE STRING,
KNADT TYPE STRING,
KNAUS TYPE STRING,
KNGRP TYPE STRING,
KNBEO TYPE STRING,
LKENZ TYPE STRING,
AENNR TYPE STRING,
DATUV TYPE STRING,END OF T_EKKO_STR. DATA: WA_CUKB_STR type T_EKKO_STR. DATA: ld_text TYPE string. LOOP AT IT_EKKO INTO WA_EKKO. MOVE-CORRESPONDING wa_EKKO TO WA_EKKO_STR. CONCATENATE: sy-vline
WA_CUKB_STR-MANDT sy-vline
WA_CUKB_STR-KNNUM sy-vline
WA_CUKB_STR-ADZHL sy-vline
WA_CUKB_STR-KNNAM sy-vline
WA_CUKB_STR-KNART sy-vline
WA_CUKB_STR-KNART2 sy-vline
WA_CUKB_STR-KNSOFT sy-vline
WA_CUKB_STR-KNVER sy-vline
WA_CUKB_STR-KNVER2 sy-vline
WA_CUKB_STR-KNSCE sy-vline
WA_CUKB_STR-KNSTA sy-vline
WA_CUKB_STR-KNEDT sy-vline
WA_CUKB_STR-KNEUS sy-vline
WA_CUKB_STR-KNADT sy-vline
WA_CUKB_STR-KNAUS sy-vline
WA_CUKB_STR-KNGRP sy-vline
WA_CUKB_STR-KNBEO sy-vline
WA_CUKB_STR-LKENZ sy-vline
WA_CUKB_STR-AENNR sy-vline
WA_CUKB_STR-DATUV sy-vline INTO ld_text SEPARATED BY SPACE. *Add any further fields from structure WA_EKKO_STR you want to CONCATENATE... ENDLOOP. ENDFORM.