ABAP Select data from SAP table CRMD_SHIPPING into internal table



Get Example source ABAP code based on a different SAP table
  

Below is a number of ABAP code snippets to demonstrate how to select data from SAP CRMD_SHIPPING table and store it within an internal table, including using the newer @DATA inline declaration methods. It also shows you various ways to process this data using ABAP work area, inline declaration or field symbols including executing all the relevant CONVERSION_EXIT routines specific to CRMD_SHIPPING. See here for more generic Select statement tips.

Sometimes data within SAP is stored within the database table in a different format to what it is displayed to the user. These input/output conversation FM routines are what translates the data between the two formats.

There is also a full declaration of the CRMD_SHIPPING table where each field has a char/string type for you to simply copy and paste. This allows you to use processing that is only available to these field types such as the CONCATENATE statement.

DATA: IT_CRMD_SHIPPING TYPE STANDARD TABLE OF CRMD_SHIPPING,
      WA_CRMD_SHIPPING TYPE CRMD_SHIPPING,
      GD_STR TYPE STRING.

DATA: lo_typedescr type REF TO cl_abap_typedescr.
DATA: lv_fieldname type fieldname.

FIELD-SYMBOLS: <FIELD> TYPE any.
FIELD-SYMBOLS: <CRMD_SHIPPING> TYPE CRMD_SHIPPING.

*Process all fields in table header/work area as string values
  PERFORM process_as_string_field_values CHANGING wa_CRMD_SHIPPING.

SELECT *
*restrict ABAP select to first 10 rows
 UP TO 10 ROWS      
  FROM CRMD_SHIPPING
  INTO TABLE IT_CRMD_SHIPPING.

*Select data and declare internal table using in-line method @DATA
*SELECT *
*  FROM CRMD_SHIPPING
*  INTO TABLE @DATA(IT_CRMD_SHIPPING2).
*--Further methods of using ABAP code to  select data from SAP database tables

*You can also declare the header/work area using the in-line DATA declaration method
READ TABLE IT_CRMD_SHIPPING INDEX 1 INTO DATA(WA_CRMD_SHIPPING2).


*Demonstrate how to loop at an internal table and update values using a FIELD-SYMBOL
LOOP AT IT_CRMD_SHIPPING ASSIGNING <CRMD_SHIPPING>.
*To update a field value using a field symbol simply change the value via the field symbol pointer
<CRMD_SHIPPING>-CLIENT = 1.
<CRMD_SHIPPING>-GUID = 1.
<CRMD_SHIPPING>-INCOTERMS1 = 1.
<CRMD_SHIPPING>-INCOTERMS2 = 1.
<CRMD_SHIPPING>-SHIP_COND = 1.
ENDLOOP.

LOOP AT IT_CRMD_SHIPPING INTO WA_CRMD_SHIPPING.
*Write horizonal line to screen report.
  WRITE:/ sy-uline.

*Write selected data to screen/report before conversion.
  WRITE:/ sy-vline,   WA_CRMD_SHIPPING-DELI_UNLIM_TOL, sy-vline,
WA_CRMD_SHIPPING-OVER_DLV_TOL, sy-vline,
WA_CRMD_SHIPPING-UNDER_DLV_TOL, sy-vline,
WA_CRMD_SHIPPING-DLV_PRIO, sy-vline,
WA_CRMD_SHIPPING-ORDERCOMBIND, sy-vline,
WA_CRMD_SHIPPING-PART_DLV, sy-vline.
ENDLOOP. *Add any further fields from structure WA_CRMD_SHIPPING you want to display... WRITE:/ sy-uline. * Aternatively use generic code to Write field values (and NAME) to screen report DO. ASSIGN COMPONENT sy-index OF STRUCTURE wa_CRMD_SHIPPING TO <field>. IF sy-subrc <> 0. EXIT. ENDIF. WRITE:/ 'Field Value', <field>, sy-vline. gd_str = <field> . lo_typedescr ?= CL_ABAP_DATADESCR=>DESCRIBE_BY_DATA( <field> ). lv_fieldname = lo_typedescr->GET_RELATIVE_NAME( ). WRITE:/ 'Field Name', lv_fieldname. ENDDO. *Redo loop but convert all fields from internal to out value LOOP AT IT_CRMD_SHIPPING INTO WA_CRMD_SHIPPING. *Write horizonal line to screen report. WRITE:/ sy-uline. *Convert all fields to display/output versions using conversion routines PERFORM convert_all_field_values CHANGING wa_EKKO. ENDLOOP. *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* *& Form convert_all_field_values *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* FORM convert_all_field_values CHANGING p_EKKO LIKE wa_EKKO. DATA: ld_input(1000) TYPE c, ld_output(1000) TYPE C.
ENDFORM. *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* *& Form process_as_string_field_values *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* FORM process_as_string_field_values CHANGING p_EKKO LIKE wa_EKKO. TYPES: BEGIN OF T_CRMD_SHIPPING_STR,
CLIENT TYPE STRING,
GUID TYPE STRING,
INCOTERMS1 TYPE STRING,
INCOTERMS2 TYPE STRING,
SHIP_COND TYPE STRING,
DELI_UNLIM_TOL TYPE STRING,
OVER_DLV_TOL TYPE STRING,
UNDER_DLV_TOL TYPE STRING,
DLV_PRIO TYPE STRING,
ORDERCOMBIND TYPE STRING,
PART_DLV TYPE STRING,
DLV_GROUP TYPE STRING,
DELIVERY_BLOCK TYPE STRING,
PART_DLV_ITM TYPE STRING,
TRANS_MOT TYPE STRING,
GEOROUTE TYPE STRING,
DIRECT_SHIP TYPE STRING,
TRANS_MEANS TYPE STRING,
INV_BEFORE_GI TYPE STRING,END OF T_EKKO_STR. DATA: WA_CRMD_SHIPPING_STR type T_EKKO_STR. DATA: ld_text TYPE string. LOOP AT IT_EKKO INTO WA_EKKO. MOVE-CORRESPONDING wa_EKKO TO WA_EKKO_STR. CONCATENATE: sy-vline
WA_CRMD_SHIPPING_STR-CLIENT sy-vline
WA_CRMD_SHIPPING_STR-GUID sy-vline
WA_CRMD_SHIPPING_STR-INCOTERMS1 sy-vline
WA_CRMD_SHIPPING_STR-INCOTERMS2 sy-vline
WA_CRMD_SHIPPING_STR-SHIP_COND sy-vline
WA_CRMD_SHIPPING_STR-DELI_UNLIM_TOL sy-vline
WA_CRMD_SHIPPING_STR-OVER_DLV_TOL sy-vline
WA_CRMD_SHIPPING_STR-UNDER_DLV_TOL sy-vline
WA_CRMD_SHIPPING_STR-DLV_PRIO sy-vline
WA_CRMD_SHIPPING_STR-ORDERCOMBIND sy-vline
WA_CRMD_SHIPPING_STR-PART_DLV sy-vline
WA_CRMD_SHIPPING_STR-DLV_GROUP sy-vline
WA_CRMD_SHIPPING_STR-DELIVERY_BLOCK sy-vline
WA_CRMD_SHIPPING_STR-PART_DLV_ITM sy-vline
WA_CRMD_SHIPPING_STR-TRANS_MOT sy-vline
WA_CRMD_SHIPPING_STR-GEOROUTE sy-vline
WA_CRMD_SHIPPING_STR-DIRECT_SHIP sy-vline
WA_CRMD_SHIPPING_STR-TRANS_MEANS sy-vline
WA_CRMD_SHIPPING_STR-INV_BEFORE_GI sy-vline INTO ld_text SEPARATED BY SPACE. *Add any further fields from structure WA_EKKO_STR you want to CONCATENATE... ENDLOOP. ENDFORM.