ABAP Select data from SAP table CRMD_SALES into internal table



Get Example source ABAP code based on a different SAP table
  

Below is a number of ABAP code snippets to demonstrate how to select data from SAP CRMD_SALES table and store it within an internal table, including using the newer @DATA inline declaration methods. It also shows you various ways to process this data using ABAP work area, inline declaration or field symbols including executing all the relevant CONVERSION_EXIT routines specific to CRMD_SALES. See here for more generic Select statement tips.

Sometimes data within SAP is stored within the database table in a different format to what it is displayed to the user. These input/output conversation FM routines are what translates the data between the two formats.

There is also a full declaration of the CRMD_SALES table where each field has a char/string type for you to simply copy and paste. This allows you to use processing that is only available to these field types such as the CONCATENATE statement.

DATA: IT_CRMD_SALES TYPE STANDARD TABLE OF CRMD_SALES,
      WA_CRMD_SALES TYPE CRMD_SALES,
      GD_STR TYPE STRING.

DATA: lo_typedescr type REF TO cl_abap_typedescr.
DATA: lv_fieldname type fieldname.

FIELD-SYMBOLS: <FIELD> TYPE any.
FIELD-SYMBOLS: <CRMD_SALES> TYPE CRMD_SALES.

*Process all fields in table header/work area as string values
  PERFORM process_as_string_field_values CHANGING wa_CRMD_SALES.

SELECT *
*restrict ABAP select to first 10 rows
 UP TO 10 ROWS      
  FROM CRMD_SALES
  INTO TABLE IT_CRMD_SALES.

*Select data and declare internal table using in-line method @DATA
*SELECT *
*  FROM CRMD_SALES
*  INTO TABLE @DATA(IT_CRMD_SALES2).
*--Further methods of using ABAP code to  select data from SAP database tables

*You can also declare the header/work area using the in-line DATA declaration method
READ TABLE IT_CRMD_SALES INDEX 1 INTO DATA(WA_CRMD_SALES2).


*Demonstrate how to loop at an internal table and update values using a FIELD-SYMBOL
LOOP AT IT_CRMD_SALES ASSIGNING <CRMD_SALES>.
*To update a field value using a field symbol simply change the value via the field symbol pointer
<CRMD_SALES>-CLIENT = 1.
<CRMD_SALES>-GUID = 1.
<CRMD_SALES>-PO_NUMBER_UC = 1.
<CRMD_SALES>-REGION = 1.
<CRMD_SALES>-INDUSTRY = 1.
ENDLOOP.

LOOP AT IT_CRMD_SALES INTO WA_CRMD_SALES.
*Write horizonal line to screen report.
  WRITE:/ sy-uline.

*Write selected data to screen/report before conversion.
  WRITE:/ sy-vline,   WA_CRMD_SALES-PCAT_HDR_GUID, sy-vline,
WA_CRMD_SALES-PCAT_VRT_GUID, sy-vline,
WA_CRMD_SALES-PCAT_CTY_GUID, sy-vline,
WA_CRMD_SALES-CUST_GROUP1, sy-vline,
WA_CRMD_SALES-CUST_GROUP2, sy-vline,
WA_CRMD_SALES-CUST_GROUP3, sy-vline.
ENDLOOP. *Add any further fields from structure WA_CRMD_SALES you want to display... WRITE:/ sy-uline. * Aternatively use generic code to Write field values (and NAME) to screen report DO. ASSIGN COMPONENT sy-index OF STRUCTURE wa_CRMD_SALES TO <field>. IF sy-subrc <> 0. EXIT. ENDIF. WRITE:/ 'Field Value', <field>, sy-vline. gd_str = <field> . lo_typedescr ?= CL_ABAP_DATADESCR=>DESCRIBE_BY_DATA( <field> ). lv_fieldname = lo_typedescr->GET_RELATIVE_NAME( ). WRITE:/ 'Field Name', lv_fieldname. ENDDO. *Redo loop but convert all fields from internal to out value LOOP AT IT_CRMD_SALES INTO WA_CRMD_SALES. *Write horizonal line to screen report. WRITE:/ sy-uline. *Convert all fields to display/output versions using conversion routines PERFORM convert_all_field_values CHANGING wa_EKKO. ENDLOOP. *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* *& Form convert_all_field_values *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* FORM convert_all_field_values CHANGING p_EKKO LIKE wa_EKKO. DATA: ld_input(1000) TYPE c, ld_output(1000) TYPE C.

*Conversion exit TSTPS, internal->external for field REQ_DLV_DATE CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_TSTPS_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_CRMD_SALES-REQ_DLV_DATE IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_CRMD_SALES-REQ_DLV_DATE.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.
ENDFORM. *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* *& Form process_as_string_field_values *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* FORM process_as_string_field_values CHANGING p_EKKO LIKE wa_EKKO. TYPES: BEGIN OF T_CRMD_SALES_STR,
CLIENT TYPE STRING,
GUID TYPE STRING,
PO_NUMBER_UC TYPE STRING,
REGION TYPE STRING,
INDUSTRY TYPE STRING,
PCAT_HDR_GUID TYPE STRING,
PCAT_VRT_GUID TYPE STRING,
PCAT_CTY_GUID TYPE STRING,
CUST_GROUP1 TYPE STRING,
CUST_GROUP2 TYPE STRING,
CUST_GROUP3 TYPE STRING,
CUST_GROUP4 TYPE STRING,
CUST_GROUP5 TYPE STRING,
PO_NUMBER_SOLD TYPE STRING,
PO_DATE_SOLD TYPE STRING,
YOUR_REF_SOLD TYPE STRING,
PO_NUMBER_SHIP TYPE STRING,
PO_DATE_SHIP TYPE STRING,
YOUR_REF_SHIP TYPE STRING,
USAGE_TYPE TYPE STRING,
SUBMISSION TYPE STRING,
REJECTION TYPE STRING,
PROBABILITY TYPE STRING,
DATE_QTY_FIXED TYPE STRING,
REQ_DLV_DATE TYPE STRING,
REQ_TIMEZONE TYPE STRING,
RULE_REQ_DATE TYPE STRING,
ROUNDING TYPE STRING,
PAR_ATP_SSTOCK TYPE STRING,
CONF_RULE TYPE STRING,
SUBST_EXCL TYPE STRING,
SEARCH_PATTERN TYPE STRING,
REASSIGN_ABILITY TYPE STRING,
ABNORMAL_DEMAND TYPE STRING,END OF T_EKKO_STR. DATA: WA_CRMD_SALES_STR type T_EKKO_STR. DATA: ld_text TYPE string. LOOP AT IT_EKKO INTO WA_EKKO. MOVE-CORRESPONDING wa_EKKO TO WA_EKKO_STR. CONCATENATE: sy-vline
WA_CRMD_SALES_STR-CLIENT sy-vline
WA_CRMD_SALES_STR-GUID sy-vline
WA_CRMD_SALES_STR-PO_NUMBER_UC sy-vline
WA_CRMD_SALES_STR-REGION sy-vline
WA_CRMD_SALES_STR-INDUSTRY sy-vline
WA_CRMD_SALES_STR-PCAT_HDR_GUID sy-vline
WA_CRMD_SALES_STR-PCAT_VRT_GUID sy-vline
WA_CRMD_SALES_STR-PCAT_CTY_GUID sy-vline
WA_CRMD_SALES_STR-CUST_GROUP1 sy-vline
WA_CRMD_SALES_STR-CUST_GROUP2 sy-vline
WA_CRMD_SALES_STR-CUST_GROUP3 sy-vline
WA_CRMD_SALES_STR-CUST_GROUP4 sy-vline
WA_CRMD_SALES_STR-CUST_GROUP5 sy-vline
WA_CRMD_SALES_STR-PO_NUMBER_SOLD sy-vline
WA_CRMD_SALES_STR-PO_DATE_SOLD sy-vline
WA_CRMD_SALES_STR-YOUR_REF_SOLD sy-vline
WA_CRMD_SALES_STR-PO_NUMBER_SHIP sy-vline
WA_CRMD_SALES_STR-PO_DATE_SHIP sy-vline
WA_CRMD_SALES_STR-YOUR_REF_SHIP sy-vline
WA_CRMD_SALES_STR-USAGE_TYPE sy-vline
WA_CRMD_SALES_STR-SUBMISSION sy-vline
WA_CRMD_SALES_STR-REJECTION sy-vline
WA_CRMD_SALES_STR-PROBABILITY sy-vline
WA_CRMD_SALES_STR-DATE_QTY_FIXED sy-vline
WA_CRMD_SALES_STR-REQ_DLV_DATE sy-vline
WA_CRMD_SALES_STR-REQ_TIMEZONE sy-vline
WA_CRMD_SALES_STR-RULE_REQ_DATE sy-vline
WA_CRMD_SALES_STR-ROUNDING sy-vline
WA_CRMD_SALES_STR-PAR_ATP_SSTOCK sy-vline
WA_CRMD_SALES_STR-CONF_RULE sy-vline
WA_CRMD_SALES_STR-SUBST_EXCL sy-vline
WA_CRMD_SALES_STR-SEARCH_PATTERN sy-vline
WA_CRMD_SALES_STR-REASSIGN_ABILITY sy-vline
WA_CRMD_SALES_STR-ABNORMAL_DEMAND sy-vline INTO ld_text SEPARATED BY SPACE. *Add any further fields from structure WA_EKKO_STR you want to CONCATENATE... ENDLOOP. ENDFORM.