ABAP Select data from SAP table CRMD_RMA_INDEX into internal table



Get Example source ABAP code based on a different SAP table
  

Below is a number of ABAP code snippets to demonstrate how to select data from SAP CRMD_RMA_INDEX table and store it within an internal table, including using the newer @DATA inline declaration methods. It also shows you various ways to process this data using ABAP work area, inline declaration or field symbols including executing all the relevant CONVERSION_EXIT routines specific to CRMD_RMA_INDEX. See here for more generic Select statement tips.

Sometimes data within SAP is stored within the database table in a different format to what it is displayed to the user. These input/output conversation FM routines are what translates the data between the two formats.

There is also a full declaration of the CRMD_RMA_INDEX table where each field has a char/string type for you to simply copy and paste. This allows you to use processing that is only available to these field types such as the CONCATENATE statement.

DATA: IT_CRMD_RMA_INDEX TYPE STANDARD TABLE OF CRMD_RMA_INDEX,
      WA_CRMD_RMA_INDEX TYPE CRMD_RMA_INDEX,
      GD_STR TYPE STRING.

DATA: lo_typedescr type REF TO cl_abap_typedescr.
DATA: lv_fieldname type fieldname.

FIELD-SYMBOLS: <FIELD> TYPE any.
FIELD-SYMBOLS: <CRMD_RMA_INDEX> TYPE CRMD_RMA_INDEX.

*Process all fields in table header/work area as string values
  PERFORM process_as_string_field_values CHANGING wa_CRMD_RMA_INDEX.

SELECT *
*restrict ABAP select to first 10 rows
 UP TO 10 ROWS      
  FROM CRMD_RMA_INDEX
  INTO TABLE IT_CRMD_RMA_INDEX.

*Select data and declare internal table using in-line method @DATA
*SELECT *
*  FROM CRMD_RMA_INDEX
*  INTO TABLE @DATA(IT_CRMD_RMA_INDEX2).
*--Further methods of using ABAP code to  select data from SAP database tables

*You can also declare the header/work area using the in-line DATA declaration method
READ TABLE IT_CRMD_RMA_INDEX INDEX 1 INTO DATA(WA_CRMD_RMA_INDEX2).


*Demonstrate how to loop at an internal table and update values using a FIELD-SYMBOL
LOOP AT IT_CRMD_RMA_INDEX ASSIGNING <CRMD_RMA_INDEX>.
*To update a field value using a field symbol simply change the value via the field symbol pointer
<CRMD_RMA_INDEX>-CLIENT = 1.
<CRMD_RMA_INDEX>-GUID = 1.
<CRMD_RMA_INDEX>-HEADER = 1.
<CRMD_RMA_INDEX>-ITEM = 1.
<CRMD_RMA_INDEX>-RMA = 1.
ENDLOOP.

LOOP AT IT_CRMD_RMA_INDEX INTO WA_CRMD_RMA_INDEX.
*Write horizonal line to screen report.
  WRITE:/ sy-uline.

*Write selected data to screen/report before conversion.
  WRITE:/ sy-vline,   WA_CRMD_RMA_INDEX-OBJECT_TYPE, sy-vline,
WA_CRMD_RMA_INDEX-TST_END_PERI, sy-vline,
WA_CRMD_RMA_INDEX-TST_END_LOG_INT, sy-vline,
WA_CRMD_RMA_INDEX-TST_END_LOG_EXT, sy-vline,
WA_CRMD_RMA_INDEX-STATUS_OPEN, sy-vline,
WA_CRMD_RMA_INDEX-STATUS_RELEASED, sy-vline.
ENDLOOP. *Add any further fields from structure WA_CRMD_RMA_INDEX you want to display... WRITE:/ sy-uline. * Aternatively use generic code to Write field values (and NAME) to screen report DO. ASSIGN COMPONENT sy-index OF STRUCTURE wa_CRMD_RMA_INDEX TO <field>. IF sy-subrc <> 0. EXIT. ENDIF. WRITE:/ 'Field Value', <field>, sy-vline. gd_str = <field> . lo_typedescr ?= CL_ABAP_DATADESCR=>DESCRIBE_BY_DATA( <field> ). lv_fieldname = lo_typedescr->GET_RELATIVE_NAME( ). WRITE:/ 'Field Name', lv_fieldname. ENDDO. *Redo loop but convert all fields from internal to out value LOOP AT IT_CRMD_RMA_INDEX INTO WA_CRMD_RMA_INDEX. *Write horizonal line to screen report. WRITE:/ sy-uline. *Convert all fields to display/output versions using conversion routines PERFORM convert_all_field_values CHANGING wa_EKKO. ENDLOOP. *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* *& Form convert_all_field_values *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* FORM convert_all_field_values CHANGING p_EKKO LIKE wa_EKKO. DATA: ld_input(1000) TYPE c, ld_output(1000) TYPE C.
ENDFORM. *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* *& Form process_as_string_field_values *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* FORM process_as_string_field_values CHANGING p_EKKO LIKE wa_EKKO. TYPES: BEGIN OF T_CRMD_RMA_INDEX_STR,
CLIENT TYPE STRING,
GUID TYPE STRING,
HEADER TYPE STRING,
ITEM TYPE STRING,
RMA TYPE STRING,
OBJECT_TYPE TYPE STRING,
TST_END_PERI TYPE STRING,
TST_END_LOG_INT TYPE STRING,
TST_END_LOG_EXT TYPE STRING,
STATUS_OPEN TYPE STRING,
STATUS_RELEASED TYPE STRING,
STATUS_BLOCK TYPE STRING,
STATUS_PROCESS TYPE STRING,
STA_3 TYPE STRING,
STA_4 TYPE STRING,
OBJKEY TYPE STRING,
OBJTYPE TYPE STRING,END OF T_EKKO_STR. DATA: WA_CRMD_RMA_INDEX_STR type T_EKKO_STR. DATA: ld_text TYPE string. LOOP AT IT_EKKO INTO WA_EKKO. MOVE-CORRESPONDING wa_EKKO TO WA_EKKO_STR. CONCATENATE: sy-vline
WA_CRMD_RMA_INDEX_STR-CLIENT sy-vline
WA_CRMD_RMA_INDEX_STR-GUID sy-vline
WA_CRMD_RMA_INDEX_STR-HEADER sy-vline
WA_CRMD_RMA_INDEX_STR-ITEM sy-vline
WA_CRMD_RMA_INDEX_STR-RMA sy-vline
WA_CRMD_RMA_INDEX_STR-OBJECT_TYPE sy-vline
WA_CRMD_RMA_INDEX_STR-TST_END_PERI sy-vline
WA_CRMD_RMA_INDEX_STR-TST_END_LOG_INT sy-vline
WA_CRMD_RMA_INDEX_STR-TST_END_LOG_EXT sy-vline
WA_CRMD_RMA_INDEX_STR-STATUS_OPEN sy-vline
WA_CRMD_RMA_INDEX_STR-STATUS_RELEASED sy-vline
WA_CRMD_RMA_INDEX_STR-STATUS_BLOCK sy-vline
WA_CRMD_RMA_INDEX_STR-STATUS_PROCESS sy-vline
WA_CRMD_RMA_INDEX_STR-STA_3 sy-vline
WA_CRMD_RMA_INDEX_STR-STA_4 sy-vline
WA_CRMD_RMA_INDEX_STR-OBJKEY sy-vline
WA_CRMD_RMA_INDEX_STR-OBJTYPE sy-vline INTO ld_text SEPARATED BY SPACE. *Add any further fields from structure WA_EKKO_STR you want to CONCATENATE... ENDLOOP. ENDFORM.