ABAP Select data from SAP table CRMD_PRICING into internal table

Get Example source ABAP code based on a different SAP table
  

Below is a number of ABAP code snippets to demonstrate how to select data from SAP CRMD_PRICING table and store it within an internal table, including using the newer @DATA inline declaration methods. It also shows you various ways to process this data using ABAP work area, inline declaration or field symbols including executing all the relevant CONVERSION_EXIT routines specific to CRMD_PRICING. See here for more generic Select statement tips.

Sometimes data within SAP is stored within the database table in a different format to what it is displayed to the user. These input/output conversation FM routines are what translates the data between the two formats.

There is also a full declaration of the CRMD_PRICING table where each field has a char/string type for you to simply copy and paste. This allows you to use processing that is only available to these field types such as the CONCATENATE statement.

DATA: IT_CRMD_PRICING TYPE STANDARD TABLE OF CRMD_PRICING,
      WA_CRMD_PRICING TYPE CRMD_PRICING,
      GD_STR TYPE STRING.

DATA: lo_typedescr type REF TO cl_abap_typedescr.
DATA: lv_fieldname type fieldname.

FIELD-SYMBOLS: <FIELD> TYPE any.
FIELD-SYMBOLS: <CRMD_PRICING> TYPE CRMD_PRICING.

*Process all fields in table header/work area as string values
  PERFORM process_as_string_field_values CHANGING wa_CRMD_PRICING.

SELECT *
*restrict ABAP select to first 10 rows
 UP TO 10 ROWS      
  FROM CRMD_PRICING
  INTO TABLE IT_CRMD_PRICING.

*Select data and declare internal table using in-line method @DATA
*SELECT *
*  FROM CRMD_PRICING
*  INTO TABLE @DATA(IT_CRMD_PRICING2).
*--Further methods of using ABAP code to  select data from SAP database tables

*You can also declare the header/work area using the in-line DATA declaration method
READ TABLE IT_CRMD_PRICING INDEX 1 INTO DATA(WA_CRMD_PRICING2).


*Demonstrate how to loop at an internal table and update values using a FIELD-SYMBOL
LOOP AT IT_CRMD_PRICING ASSIGNING <CRMD_PRICING>.
*To update a field value using a field symbol simply change the value via the field symbol pointer
<CRMD_PRICING>-CLIENT = 1.
<CRMD_PRICING>-GUID = 1.
<CRMD_PRICING>-EXCHG_TYPE = 1.
<CRMD_PRICING>-EXCHG_DATE = 1.
<CRMD_PRICING>-TAXJURCODE = 1.
ENDLOOP.

LOOP AT IT_CRMD_PRICING INTO WA_CRMD_PRICING.
*Write horizonal line to screen report.
  WRITE:/ sy-uline.

*Write selected data to screen/report before conversion.
  WRITE:/ sy-vline,   WA_CRMD_PRICING-CUST_PRIC_PROC, sy-vline,
WA_CRMD_PRICING-REF_CURRENCY, sy-vline,
WA_CRMD_PRICING-ENT_STRATEGY, sy-vline,
WA_CRMD_PRICING-CURRENCY, sy-vline,
WA_CRMD_PRICING-PRICE_DATE, sy-vline,
WA_CRMD_PRICING-PMNTTRMS, sy-vline.
ENDLOOP. *Add any further fields from structure WA_CRMD_PRICING you want to display... WRITE:/ sy-uline. * Aternatively use generic code to Write field values (and NAME) to screen report DO. ASSIGN COMPONENT sy-index OF STRUCTURE wa_CRMD_PRICING TO <field>. IF sy-subrc <> 0. EXIT. ENDIF. WRITE:/ 'Field Value', <field>, sy-vline. gd_str = <field> . lo_typedescr ?= CL_ABAP_DATADESCR=>DESCRIBE_BY_DATA( <field> ). lv_fieldname = lo_typedescr->GET_RELATIVE_NAME( ). WRITE:/ 'Field Name', lv_fieldname. ENDDO. *Redo loop but convert all fields from internal to out value LOOP AT IT_CRMD_PRICING INTO WA_CRMD_PRICING. *Write horizonal line to screen report. WRITE:/ sy-uline. *Convert all fields to display/output versions using conversion routines PERFORM convert_all_field_values CHANGING wa_EKKO. ENDLOOP. *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* *& Form convert_all_field_values *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* FORM convert_all_field_values CHANGING p_EKKO LIKE wa_EKKO. DATA: ld_input(1000) TYPE c, ld_output(1000) TYPE C.

*Conversion exit EXCRT, internal->external for field EXCHG_RATE CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_EXCRT_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_CRMD_PRICING-EXCHG_RATE IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_CRMD_PRICING-EXCHG_RATE.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.

*Conversion exit CFOBR, internal->external for field CFOP_CODE CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_CFOBR_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_CRMD_PRICING-CFOP_CODE IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_CRMD_PRICING-CFOP_CODE.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.

*Conversion exit ALPHA, internal->external for field ICMS_TAXLAW CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_ALPHA_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_CRMD_PRICING-ICMS_TAXLAW IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_CRMD_PRICING-ICMS_TAXLAW.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.

*Conversion exit ALPHA, internal->external for field IPI_TAXLAW CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_ALPHA_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_CRMD_PRICING-IPI_TAXLAW IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_CRMD_PRICING-IPI_TAXLAW.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.

*Conversion exit TSTPS, internal->external for field VALID_FROM CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_TSTPS_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_CRMD_PRICING-VALID_FROM IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_CRMD_PRICING-VALID_FROM.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.

*Conversion exit TSTPS, internal->external for field VALID_TO CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_TSTPS_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_CRMD_PRICING-VALID_TO IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_CRMD_PRICING-VALID_TO.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.

*Conversion exit TSTPS, internal->external for field TRANS_TIME CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_TSTPS_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_CRMD_PRICING-TRANS_TIME IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_CRMD_PRICING-TRANS_TIME.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.
ENDFORM. *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* *& Form process_as_string_field_values *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* FORM process_as_string_field_values CHANGING p_EKKO LIKE wa_EKKO. TYPES: BEGIN OF T_CRMD_PRICING_STR,
CLIENT TYPE STRING,
GUID TYPE STRING,
EXCHG_TYPE TYPE STRING,
EXCHG_DATE TYPE STRING,
TAXJURCODE TYPE STRING,
CUST_PRIC_PROC TYPE STRING,
REF_CURRENCY TYPE STRING,
ENT_STRATEGY TYPE STRING,
CURRENCY TYPE STRING,
PRICE_DATE TYPE STRING,
PMNTTRMS TYPE STRING,
PRICE_GRP TYPE STRING,
PRICE_LIST TYPE STRING,
CUST_GROUP TYPE STRING,
EXCHG_RATE TYPE STRING,
TAX_DEST_CTY TYPE STRING,
TAX_DEST_REG TYPE STRING,
VAT_REG_NO TYPE STRING,
ETAX_HAND_TYPE TYPE STRING,
ETAX_SOURCE TYPE STRING,
SCORE TYPE STRING,
GRADE TYPE STRING,
AC_INDICATOR TYPE STRING,
CUSTOMER_TYPE TYPE STRING,
CFOP_CODE TYPE STRING,
ICMS_TAXLAW TYPE STRING,
IPI_TAXLAW TYPE STRING,
TAX_MAT_USAGE TYPE STRING,
LOC_TAXCAT TYPE STRING,
LOC_ZEROVAT TYPE STRING,
LOC_ACTCODE TYPE STRING,
LOC_DISTTYPE TYPE STRING,
LOC_TXRELCLAS TYPE STRING,
PAYMENT_METHOD TYPE STRING,
SCRAP_VALUE TYPE STRING,
SCRAP_CURRENCY TYPE STRING,
SCRAP_INSTR_LOW TYPE STRING,
SCRAP_INSTR_HIGH TYPE STRING,
VALID_FROM TYPE STRING,
VALID_TO TYPE STRING,
TRANS_TIME TYPE STRING,END OF T_EKKO_STR. DATA: WA_CRMD_PRICING_STR type T_EKKO_STR. DATA: ld_text TYPE string. LOOP AT IT_EKKO INTO WA_EKKO. MOVE-CORRESPONDING wa_EKKO TO WA_EKKO_STR. CONCATENATE: sy-vline
WA_CRMD_PRICING_STR-CLIENT sy-vline
WA_CRMD_PRICING_STR-GUID sy-vline
WA_CRMD_PRICING_STR-EXCHG_TYPE sy-vline
WA_CRMD_PRICING_STR-EXCHG_DATE sy-vline
WA_CRMD_PRICING_STR-TAXJURCODE sy-vline
WA_CRMD_PRICING_STR-CUST_PRIC_PROC sy-vline
WA_CRMD_PRICING_STR-REF_CURRENCY sy-vline
WA_CRMD_PRICING_STR-ENT_STRATEGY sy-vline
WA_CRMD_PRICING_STR-CURRENCY sy-vline
WA_CRMD_PRICING_STR-PRICE_DATE sy-vline
WA_CRMD_PRICING_STR-PMNTTRMS sy-vline
WA_CRMD_PRICING_STR-PRICE_GRP sy-vline
WA_CRMD_PRICING_STR-PRICE_LIST sy-vline
WA_CRMD_PRICING_STR-CUST_GROUP sy-vline
WA_CRMD_PRICING_STR-EXCHG_RATE sy-vline
WA_CRMD_PRICING_STR-TAX_DEST_CTY sy-vline
WA_CRMD_PRICING_STR-TAX_DEST_REG sy-vline
WA_CRMD_PRICING_STR-VAT_REG_NO sy-vline
WA_CRMD_PRICING_STR-ETAX_HAND_TYPE sy-vline
WA_CRMD_PRICING_STR-ETAX_SOURCE sy-vline
WA_CRMD_PRICING_STR-SCORE sy-vline
WA_CRMD_PRICING_STR-GRADE sy-vline
WA_CRMD_PRICING_STR-AC_INDICATOR sy-vline
WA_CRMD_PRICING_STR-CUSTOMER_TYPE sy-vline
WA_CRMD_PRICING_STR-CFOP_CODE sy-vline
WA_CRMD_PRICING_STR-ICMS_TAXLAW sy-vline
WA_CRMD_PRICING_STR-IPI_TAXLAW sy-vline
WA_CRMD_PRICING_STR-TAX_MAT_USAGE sy-vline
WA_CRMD_PRICING_STR-LOC_TAXCAT sy-vline
WA_CRMD_PRICING_STR-LOC_ZEROVAT sy-vline
WA_CRMD_PRICING_STR-LOC_ACTCODE sy-vline
WA_CRMD_PRICING_STR-LOC_DISTTYPE sy-vline
WA_CRMD_PRICING_STR-LOC_TXRELCLAS sy-vline
WA_CRMD_PRICING_STR-PAYMENT_METHOD sy-vline
WA_CRMD_PRICING_STR-SCRAP_VALUE sy-vline
WA_CRMD_PRICING_STR-SCRAP_CURRENCY sy-vline
WA_CRMD_PRICING_STR-SCRAP_INSTR_LOW sy-vline
WA_CRMD_PRICING_STR-SCRAP_INSTR_HIGH sy-vline
WA_CRMD_PRICING_STR-VALID_FROM sy-vline
WA_CRMD_PRICING_STR-VALID_TO sy-vline
WA_CRMD_PRICING_STR-TRANS_TIME sy-vline INTO ld_text SEPARATED BY SPACE. *Add any further fields from structure WA_EKKO_STR you want to CONCATENATE... ENDLOOP. ENDFORM.