ABAP Select data from SAP table CRMD_ORDERADM_H into internal table



Get Example source ABAP code based on a different SAP table
  

Below is a number of ABAP code snippets to demonstrate how to select data from SAP CRMD_ORDERADM_H table and store it within an internal table, including using the newer @DATA inline declaration methods. It also shows you various ways to process this data using ABAP work area, inline declaration or field symbols including executing all the relevant CONVERSION_EXIT routines specific to CRMD_ORDERADM_H. See here for more generic Select statement tips.

Sometimes data within SAP is stored within the database table in a different format to what it is displayed to the user. These input/output conversation FM routines are what translates the data between the two formats.

There is also a full declaration of the CRMD_ORDERADM_H table where each field has a char/string type for you to simply copy and paste. This allows you to use processing that is only available to these field types such as the CONCATENATE statement.

DATA: IT_CRMD_ORDERADM_H TYPE STANDARD TABLE OF CRMD_ORDERADM_H,
      WA_CRMD_ORDERADM_H TYPE CRMD_ORDERADM_H,
      GD_STR TYPE STRING.

DATA: lo_typedescr type REF TO cl_abap_typedescr.
DATA: lv_fieldname type fieldname.

FIELD-SYMBOLS: <FIELD> TYPE any.
FIELD-SYMBOLS: <CRMD_ORDERADM_H> TYPE CRMD_ORDERADM_H.

*Process all fields in table header/work area as string values
  PERFORM process_as_string_field_values CHANGING wa_CRMD_ORDERADM_H.

SELECT *
*restrict ABAP select to first 10 rows
 UP TO 10 ROWS      
  FROM CRMD_ORDERADM_H
  INTO TABLE IT_CRMD_ORDERADM_H.

*Select data and declare internal table using in-line method @DATA
*SELECT *
*  FROM CRMD_ORDERADM_H
*  INTO TABLE @DATA(IT_CRMD_ORDERADM_H2).
*--Further methods of using ABAP code to  select data from SAP database tables

*You can also declare the header/work area using the in-line DATA declaration method
READ TABLE IT_CRMD_ORDERADM_H INDEX 1 INTO DATA(WA_CRMD_ORDERADM_H2).


*Demonstrate how to loop at an internal table and update values using a FIELD-SYMBOL
LOOP AT IT_CRMD_ORDERADM_H ASSIGNING <CRMD_ORDERADM_H>.
*To update a field value using a field symbol simply change the value via the field symbol pointer
<CRMD_ORDERADM_H>-CLIENT = 1.
<CRMD_ORDERADM_H>-GUID = 1.
<CRMD_ORDERADM_H>-OBJECT_ID = 1.
<CRMD_ORDERADM_H>-PROCESS_TYPE = 1.
<CRMD_ORDERADM_H>-POSTING_DATE = 1.
ENDLOOP.

LOOP AT IT_CRMD_ORDERADM_H INTO WA_CRMD_ORDERADM_H.
*Write horizonal line to screen report.
  WRITE:/ sy-uline.

*Write selected data to screen/report before conversion.
  WRITE:/ sy-vline,   WA_CRMD_ORDERADM_H-DESCRIPTION, sy-vline,
WA_CRMD_ORDERADM_H-DESCR_LANGUAGE, sy-vline,
WA_CRMD_ORDERADM_H-LOGICAL_SYSTEM, sy-vline,
WA_CRMD_ORDERADM_H-CRM_RELEASE, sy-vline,
WA_CRMD_ORDERADM_H-SCENARIO, sy-vline,
WA_CRMD_ORDERADM_H-TEMPLATE_TYPE, sy-vline.
ENDLOOP. *Add any further fields from structure WA_CRMD_ORDERADM_H you want to display... WRITE:/ sy-uline. * Aternatively use generic code to Write field values (and NAME) to screen report DO. ASSIGN COMPONENT sy-index OF STRUCTURE wa_CRMD_ORDERADM_H TO <field>. IF sy-subrc <> 0. EXIT. ENDIF. WRITE:/ 'Field Value', <field>, sy-vline. gd_str = <field> . lo_typedescr ?= CL_ABAP_DATADESCR=>DESCRIBE_BY_DATA( <field> ). lv_fieldname = lo_typedescr->GET_RELATIVE_NAME( ). WRITE:/ 'Field Name', lv_fieldname. ENDDO. *Redo loop but convert all fields from internal to out value LOOP AT IT_CRMD_ORDERADM_H INTO WA_CRMD_ORDERADM_H. *Write horizonal line to screen report. WRITE:/ sy-uline. *Convert all fields to display/output versions using conversion routines PERFORM convert_all_field_values CHANGING wa_EKKO. ENDLOOP. *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* *& Form convert_all_field_values *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* FORM convert_all_field_values CHANGING p_EKKO LIKE wa_EKKO. DATA: ld_input(1000) TYPE c, ld_output(1000) TYPE C.

*Conversion exit ALPHA, internal->external for field OBJECT_ID CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_ALPHA_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_CRMD_ORDERADM_H-OBJECT_ID IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_CRMD_ORDERADM_H-OBJECT_ID.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.

*Conversion exit ISOLA, internal->external for field DESCR_LANGUAGE CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_ISOLA_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_CRMD_ORDERADM_H-DESCR_LANGUAGE IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_CRMD_ORDERADM_H-DESCR_LANGUAGE.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.

*Conversion exit ALPHA, internal->external for field LOGICAL_SYSTEM CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_ALPHA_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_CRMD_ORDERADM_H-LOGICAL_SYSTEM IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_CRMD_ORDERADM_H-LOGICAL_SYSTEM.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.

*Conversion exit TSTLC, internal->external for field CREATED_AT CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_TSTLC_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_CRMD_ORDERADM_H-CREATED_AT IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_CRMD_ORDERADM_H-CREATED_AT.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.

*Conversion exit TSTLC, internal->external for field CHANGED_AT CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_TSTLC_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_CRMD_ORDERADM_H-CHANGED_AT IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_CRMD_ORDERADM_H-CHANGED_AT.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.

*Conversion exit TSTPS, internal->external for field HEAD_CHANGED_AT CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_TSTPS_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_CRMD_ORDERADM_H-HEAD_CHANGED_AT IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_CRMD_ORDERADM_H-HEAD_CHANGED_AT.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.

*Conversion exit TSTPS, internal->external for field VERIFY_DATE CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_TSTPS_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_CRMD_ORDERADM_H-VERIFY_DATE IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_CRMD_ORDERADM_H-VERIFY_DATE.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.

*Conversion exit TSTPS, internal->external for field CRM_CHANGED_AT CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_TSTPS_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_CRMD_ORDERADM_H-CRM_CHANGED_AT IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_CRMD_ORDERADM_H-CRM_CHANGED_AT.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.

*Conversion exit TSTPS, internal->external for field POSTPROCESS_AT CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_TSTPS_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_CRMD_ORDERADM_H-POSTPROCESS_AT IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_CRMD_ORDERADM_H-POSTPROCESS_AT.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.
ENDFORM. *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* *& Form process_as_string_field_values *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* FORM process_as_string_field_values CHANGING p_EKKO LIKE wa_EKKO. TYPES: BEGIN OF T_CRMD_ORDERADM_H_STR,
CLIENT TYPE STRING,
GUID TYPE STRING,
OBJECT_ID TYPE STRING,
PROCESS_TYPE TYPE STRING,
POSTING_DATE TYPE STRING,
DESCRIPTION TYPE STRING,
DESCR_LANGUAGE TYPE STRING,
LOGICAL_SYSTEM TYPE STRING,
CRM_RELEASE TYPE STRING,
SCENARIO TYPE STRING,
TEMPLATE_TYPE TYPE STRING,
CREATED_AT TYPE STRING,
CREATED_BY TYPE STRING,
CHANGED_AT TYPE STRING,
CHANGED_BY TYPE STRING,
HEAD_CHANGED_AT TYPE STRING,
ORDERADM_H_DUMMY TYPE STRING,
OBJECT_TYPE TYPE STRING,
ARCHIVING_FLAG TYPE STRING,
DESCRIPTION_UC TYPE STRING,
OBJECT_ID_OK TYPE STRING,
VERIFY_DATE TYPE STRING,
CRM_CHANGED_AT TYPE STRING,
POSTPROCESS_AT TYPE STRING,END OF T_EKKO_STR. DATA: WA_CRMD_ORDERADM_H_STR type T_EKKO_STR. DATA: ld_text TYPE string. LOOP AT IT_EKKO INTO WA_EKKO. MOVE-CORRESPONDING wa_EKKO TO WA_EKKO_STR. CONCATENATE: sy-vline
WA_CRMD_ORDERADM_H_STR-CLIENT sy-vline
WA_CRMD_ORDERADM_H_STR-GUID sy-vline
WA_CRMD_ORDERADM_H_STR-OBJECT_ID sy-vline
WA_CRMD_ORDERADM_H_STR-PROCESS_TYPE sy-vline
WA_CRMD_ORDERADM_H_STR-POSTING_DATE sy-vline
WA_CRMD_ORDERADM_H_STR-DESCRIPTION sy-vline
WA_CRMD_ORDERADM_H_STR-DESCR_LANGUAGE sy-vline
WA_CRMD_ORDERADM_H_STR-LOGICAL_SYSTEM sy-vline
WA_CRMD_ORDERADM_H_STR-CRM_RELEASE sy-vline
WA_CRMD_ORDERADM_H_STR-SCENARIO sy-vline
WA_CRMD_ORDERADM_H_STR-TEMPLATE_TYPE sy-vline
WA_CRMD_ORDERADM_H_STR-CREATED_AT sy-vline
WA_CRMD_ORDERADM_H_STR-CREATED_BY sy-vline
WA_CRMD_ORDERADM_H_STR-CHANGED_AT sy-vline
WA_CRMD_ORDERADM_H_STR-CHANGED_BY sy-vline
WA_CRMD_ORDERADM_H_STR-HEAD_CHANGED_AT sy-vline
WA_CRMD_ORDERADM_H_STR-ORDERADM_H_DUMMY sy-vline
WA_CRMD_ORDERADM_H_STR-OBJECT_TYPE sy-vline
WA_CRMD_ORDERADM_H_STR-ARCHIVING_FLAG sy-vline
WA_CRMD_ORDERADM_H_STR-DESCRIPTION_UC sy-vline
WA_CRMD_ORDERADM_H_STR-OBJECT_ID_OK sy-vline
WA_CRMD_ORDERADM_H_STR-VERIFY_DATE sy-vline
WA_CRMD_ORDERADM_H_STR-CRM_CHANGED_AT sy-vline
WA_CRMD_ORDERADM_H_STR-POSTPROCESS_AT sy-vline INTO ld_text SEPARATED BY SPACE. *Add any further fields from structure WA_EKKO_STR you want to CONCATENATE... ENDLOOP. ENDFORM.