ABAP Select data from SAP table CRMD_MKTCA_USOPT into internal table



Get Example source ABAP code based on a different SAP table
  

Below is a number of ABAP code snippets to demonstrate how to select data from SAP CRMD_MKTCA_USOPT table and store it within an internal table, including using the newer @DATA inline declaration methods. It also shows you various ways to process this data using ABAP work area, inline declaration or field symbols including executing all the relevant CONVERSION_EXIT routines specific to CRMD_MKTCA_USOPT. See here for more generic Select statement tips.

Sometimes data within SAP is stored within the database table in a different format to what it is displayed to the user. These input/output conversation FM routines are what translates the data between the two formats.

There is also a full declaration of the CRMD_MKTCA_USOPT table where each field has a char/string type for you to simply copy and paste. This allows you to use processing that is only available to these field types such as the CONCATENATE statement.

DATA: IT_CRMD_MKTCA_USOPT TYPE STANDARD TABLE OF CRMD_MKTCA_USOPT,
      WA_CRMD_MKTCA_USOPT TYPE CRMD_MKTCA_USOPT,
      GD_STR TYPE STRING.

DATA: lo_typedescr type REF TO cl_abap_typedescr.
DATA: lv_fieldname type fieldname.

FIELD-SYMBOLS: <FIELD> TYPE any.
FIELD-SYMBOLS: <CRMD_MKTCA_USOPT> TYPE CRMD_MKTCA_USOPT.

*Process all fields in table header/work area as string values
  PERFORM process_as_string_field_values CHANGING wa_CRMD_MKTCA_USOPT.

SELECT *
*restrict ABAP select to first 10 rows
 UP TO 10 ROWS      
  FROM CRMD_MKTCA_USOPT
  INTO TABLE IT_CRMD_MKTCA_USOPT.

*Select data and declare internal table using in-line method @DATA
*SELECT *
*  FROM CRMD_MKTCA_USOPT
*  INTO TABLE @DATA(IT_CRMD_MKTCA_USOPT2).
*--Further methods of using ABAP code to  select data from SAP database tables

*You can also declare the header/work area using the in-line DATA declaration method
READ TABLE IT_CRMD_MKTCA_USOPT INDEX 1 INTO DATA(WA_CRMD_MKTCA_USOPT2).


*Demonstrate how to loop at an internal table and update values using a FIELD-SYMBOL
LOOP AT IT_CRMD_MKTCA_USOPT ASSIGNING <CRMD_MKTCA_USOPT>.
*To update a field value using a field symbol simply change the value via the field symbol pointer
<CRMD_MKTCA_USOPT>-CLIENT = 1.
<CRMD_MKTCA_USOPT>-OPTUSER = 1.
<CRMD_MKTCA_USOPT>-ALIGNEDWITHGRID = 1.
<CRMD_MKTCA_USOPT>-GRIDVISIBILITY = 1.
<CRMD_MKTCA_USOPT>-GRIDLINESPACING = 1.
ENDLOOP.

LOOP AT IT_CRMD_MKTCA_USOPT INTO WA_CRMD_MKTCA_USOPT.
*Write horizonal line to screen report.
  WRITE:/ sy-uline.

*Write selected data to screen/report before conversion.
  WRITE:/ sy-vline,   WA_CRMD_MKTCA_USOPT-GRIDLINECOLOR, sy-vline,
WA_CRMD_MKTCA_USOPT-COLORELEMENTREL, sy-vline,
WA_CRMD_MKTCA_USOPT-COLORGRAPHNORMAL, sy-vline,
WA_CRMD_MKTCA_USOPT-COLORGRAPHLOCKED, sy-vline,
WA_CRMD_MKTCA_USOPT-COLGRAPHWORKLIST, sy-vline,
WA_CRMD_MKTCA_USOPT-COLORELEMENT00, sy-vline.
ENDLOOP. *Add any further fields from structure WA_CRMD_MKTCA_USOPT you want to display... WRITE:/ sy-uline. * Aternatively use generic code to Write field values (and NAME) to screen report DO. ASSIGN COMPONENT sy-index OF STRUCTURE wa_CRMD_MKTCA_USOPT TO <field>. IF sy-subrc <> 0. EXIT. ENDIF. WRITE:/ 'Field Value', <field>, sy-vline. gd_str = <field> . lo_typedescr ?= CL_ABAP_DATADESCR=>DESCRIBE_BY_DATA( <field> ). lv_fieldname = lo_typedescr->GET_RELATIVE_NAME( ). WRITE:/ 'Field Name', lv_fieldname. ENDDO. *Redo loop but convert all fields from internal to out value LOOP AT IT_CRMD_MKTCA_USOPT INTO WA_CRMD_MKTCA_USOPT. *Write horizonal line to screen report. WRITE:/ sy-uline. *Convert all fields to display/output versions using conversion routines PERFORM convert_all_field_values CHANGING wa_EKKO. ENDLOOP. *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* *& Form convert_all_field_values *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* FORM convert_all_field_values CHANGING p_EKKO LIKE wa_EKKO. DATA: ld_input(1000) TYPE c, ld_output(1000) TYPE C.
ENDFORM. *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* *& Form process_as_string_field_values *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* FORM process_as_string_field_values CHANGING p_EKKO LIKE wa_EKKO. TYPES: BEGIN OF T_CRMD_MKTCA_USOPT_STR,
CLIENT TYPE STRING,
OPTUSER TYPE STRING,
ALIGNEDWITHGRID TYPE STRING,
GRIDVISIBILITY TYPE STRING,
GRIDLINESPACING TYPE STRING,
GRIDLINECOLOR TYPE STRING,
COLORELEMENTREL TYPE STRING,
COLORGRAPHNORMAL TYPE STRING,
COLORGRAPHLOCKED TYPE STRING,
COLGRAPHWORKLIST TYPE STRING,
COLORELEMENT00 TYPE STRING,
COLORELEMENT01 TYPE STRING,
COLORELEMENT02 TYPE STRING,
COLORELEMENT03 TYPE STRING,
COLELEM00BORDER TYPE STRING,
COLELEM01BORDER TYPE STRING,
COLELEM02BORDER TYPE STRING,
COLELEM03BORDER TYPE STRING,
SHOWCOUNTERS TYPE STRING,
COUNTERSPACING TYPE STRING,
COUNTEROFFSET TYPE STRING,
COUNTERTYPE TYPE STRING,END OF T_EKKO_STR. DATA: WA_CRMD_MKTCA_USOPT_STR type T_EKKO_STR. DATA: ld_text TYPE string. LOOP AT IT_EKKO INTO WA_EKKO. MOVE-CORRESPONDING wa_EKKO TO WA_EKKO_STR. CONCATENATE: sy-vline
WA_CRMD_MKTCA_USOPT_STR-CLIENT sy-vline
WA_CRMD_MKTCA_USOPT_STR-OPTUSER sy-vline
WA_CRMD_MKTCA_USOPT_STR-ALIGNEDWITHGRID sy-vline
WA_CRMD_MKTCA_USOPT_STR-GRIDVISIBILITY sy-vline
WA_CRMD_MKTCA_USOPT_STR-GRIDLINESPACING sy-vline
WA_CRMD_MKTCA_USOPT_STR-GRIDLINECOLOR sy-vline
WA_CRMD_MKTCA_USOPT_STR-COLORELEMENTREL sy-vline
WA_CRMD_MKTCA_USOPT_STR-COLORGRAPHNORMAL sy-vline
WA_CRMD_MKTCA_USOPT_STR-COLORGRAPHLOCKED sy-vline
WA_CRMD_MKTCA_USOPT_STR-COLGRAPHWORKLIST sy-vline
WA_CRMD_MKTCA_USOPT_STR-COLORELEMENT00 sy-vline
WA_CRMD_MKTCA_USOPT_STR-COLORELEMENT01 sy-vline
WA_CRMD_MKTCA_USOPT_STR-COLORELEMENT02 sy-vline
WA_CRMD_MKTCA_USOPT_STR-COLORELEMENT03 sy-vline
WA_CRMD_MKTCA_USOPT_STR-COLELEM00BORDER sy-vline
WA_CRMD_MKTCA_USOPT_STR-COLELEM01BORDER sy-vline
WA_CRMD_MKTCA_USOPT_STR-COLELEM02BORDER sy-vline
WA_CRMD_MKTCA_USOPT_STR-COLELEM03BORDER sy-vline
WA_CRMD_MKTCA_USOPT_STR-SHOWCOUNTERS sy-vline
WA_CRMD_MKTCA_USOPT_STR-COUNTERSPACING sy-vline
WA_CRMD_MKTCA_USOPT_STR-COUNTEROFFSET sy-vline
WA_CRMD_MKTCA_USOPT_STR-COUNTERTYPE sy-vline INTO ld_text SEPARATED BY SPACE. *Add any further fields from structure WA_EKKO_STR you want to CONCATENATE... ENDLOOP. ENDFORM.