ABAP Select data from SAP table CRMD_BREL_PNT_I into internal table



Get Example source ABAP code based on a different SAP table
  

Below is a number of ABAP code snippets to demonstrate how to select data from SAP CRMD_BREL_PNT_I table and store it within an internal table, including using the newer @DATA inline declaration methods. It also shows you various ways to process this data using ABAP work area, inline declaration or field symbols including executing all the relevant CONVERSION_EXIT routines specific to CRMD_BREL_PNT_I. See here for more generic Select statement tips.

Sometimes data within SAP is stored within the database table in a different format to what it is displayed to the user. These input/output conversation FM routines are what translates the data between the two formats.

There is also a full declaration of the CRMD_BREL_PNT_I table where each field has a char/string type for you to simply copy and paste. This allows you to use processing that is only available to these field types such as the CONCATENATE statement.

DATA: IT_CRMD_BREL_PNT_I TYPE STANDARD TABLE OF CRMD_BREL_PNT_I,
      WA_CRMD_BREL_PNT_I TYPE CRMD_BREL_PNT_I,
      GD_STR TYPE STRING.

DATA: lo_typedescr type REF TO cl_abap_typedescr.
DATA: lv_fieldname type fieldname.

FIELD-SYMBOLS: <FIELD> TYPE any.
FIELD-SYMBOLS: <CRMD_BREL_PNT_I> TYPE CRMD_BREL_PNT_I.

*Process all fields in table header/work area as string values
  PERFORM process_as_string_field_values CHANGING wa_CRMD_BREL_PNT_I.

SELECT *
*restrict ABAP select to first 10 rows
 UP TO 10 ROWS      
  FROM CRMD_BREL_PNT_I
  INTO TABLE IT_CRMD_BREL_PNT_I.

*Select data and declare internal table using in-line method @DATA
*SELECT *
*  FROM CRMD_BREL_PNT_I
*  INTO TABLE @DATA(IT_CRMD_BREL_PNT_I2).
*--Further methods of using ABAP code to  select data from SAP database tables

*You can also declare the header/work area using the in-line DATA declaration method
READ TABLE IT_CRMD_BREL_PNT_I INDEX 1 INTO DATA(WA_CRMD_BREL_PNT_I2).


*Demonstrate how to loop at an internal table and update values using a FIELD-SYMBOL
LOOP AT IT_CRMD_BREL_PNT_I ASSIGNING <CRMD_BREL_PNT_I>.
*To update a field value using a field symbol simply change the value via the field symbol pointer
<CRMD_BREL_PNT_I>-CLIENT = 1.
<CRMD_BREL_PNT_I>-RELATIONID = 1.
<CRMD_BREL_PNT_I>-POSNO = 1.
<CRMD_BREL_PNT_I>-OBJKEY_A = 1.
<CRMD_BREL_PNT_I>-OBJTYPE_A = 1.
ENDLOOP.

LOOP AT IT_CRMD_BREL_PNT_I INTO WA_CRMD_BREL_PNT_I.
*Write horizonal line to screen report.
  WRITE:/ sy-uline.

*Write selected data to screen/report before conversion.
  WRITE:/ sy-vline,   WA_CRMD_BREL_PNT_I-LOGSYS_A, sy-vline,
WA_CRMD_BREL_PNT_I-OBJKEY_B, sy-vline,
WA_CRMD_BREL_PNT_I-OBJTYPE_B, sy-vline,
WA_CRMD_BREL_PNT_I-LOGSYS_B, sy-vline,
WA_CRMD_BREL_PNT_I-BRELTYP, sy-vline,
WA_CRMD_BREL_PNT_I-ATTRIBUT, sy-vline.
ENDLOOP. *Add any further fields from structure WA_CRMD_BREL_PNT_I you want to display... WRITE:/ sy-uline. * Aternatively use generic code to Write field values (and NAME) to screen report DO. ASSIGN COMPONENT sy-index OF STRUCTURE wa_CRMD_BREL_PNT_I TO <field>. IF sy-subrc <> 0. EXIT. ENDIF. WRITE:/ 'Field Value', <field>, sy-vline. gd_str = <field> . lo_typedescr ?= CL_ABAP_DATADESCR=>DESCRIBE_BY_DATA( <field> ). lv_fieldname = lo_typedescr->GET_RELATIVE_NAME( ). WRITE:/ 'Field Name', lv_fieldname. ENDDO. *Redo loop but convert all fields from internal to out value LOOP AT IT_CRMD_BREL_PNT_I INTO WA_CRMD_BREL_PNT_I. *Write horizonal line to screen report. WRITE:/ sy-uline. *Convert all fields to display/output versions using conversion routines PERFORM convert_all_field_values CHANGING wa_EKKO. ENDLOOP. *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* *& Form convert_all_field_values *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* FORM convert_all_field_values CHANGING p_EKKO LIKE wa_EKKO. DATA: ld_input(1000) TYPE c, ld_output(1000) TYPE C.

*Conversion exit ALPHA, internal->external for field LOGSYS_A CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_ALPHA_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_CRMD_BREL_PNT_I-LOGSYS_A IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_CRMD_BREL_PNT_I-LOGSYS_A.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.

*Conversion exit ALPHA, internal->external for field LOGSYS_B CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_ALPHA_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_CRMD_BREL_PNT_I-LOGSYS_B IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_CRMD_BREL_PNT_I-LOGSYS_B.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.
ENDFORM. *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* *& Form process_as_string_field_values *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* FORM process_as_string_field_values CHANGING p_EKKO LIKE wa_EKKO. TYPES: BEGIN OF T_CRMD_BREL_PNT_I_STR,
CLIENT TYPE STRING,
RELATIONID TYPE STRING,
POSNO TYPE STRING,
OBJKEY_A TYPE STRING,
OBJTYPE_A TYPE STRING,
LOGSYS_A TYPE STRING,
OBJKEY_B TYPE STRING,
OBJTYPE_B TYPE STRING,
LOGSYS_B TYPE STRING,
BRELTYP TYPE STRING,
ATTRIBUT TYPE STRING,
PNT_RELTYPE TYPE STRING,
STAT TYPE STRING,
OWNER TYPE STRING,
PROGCTX TYPE STRING,
IL_RELTYPE TYPE STRING,
PURPOSE TYPE STRING,
ACCESS_VIA TYPE STRING,
IL_GUID TYPE STRING,
OB_REG_DATE TYPE STRING,
OB_REGISTER TYPE STRING,
OB_SEQ TYPE STRING,
OB_RANK TYPE STRING,
RC_RANK TYPE STRING,
RC_PRIO TYPE STRING,
OB_RC_PPORTION TYPE STRING,END OF T_EKKO_STR. DATA: WA_CRMD_BREL_PNT_I_STR type T_EKKO_STR. DATA: ld_text TYPE string. LOOP AT IT_EKKO INTO WA_EKKO. MOVE-CORRESPONDING wa_EKKO TO WA_EKKO_STR. CONCATENATE: sy-vline
WA_CRMD_BREL_PNT_I_STR-CLIENT sy-vline
WA_CRMD_BREL_PNT_I_STR-RELATIONID sy-vline
WA_CRMD_BREL_PNT_I_STR-POSNO sy-vline
WA_CRMD_BREL_PNT_I_STR-OBJKEY_A sy-vline
WA_CRMD_BREL_PNT_I_STR-OBJTYPE_A sy-vline
WA_CRMD_BREL_PNT_I_STR-LOGSYS_A sy-vline
WA_CRMD_BREL_PNT_I_STR-OBJKEY_B sy-vline
WA_CRMD_BREL_PNT_I_STR-OBJTYPE_B sy-vline
WA_CRMD_BREL_PNT_I_STR-LOGSYS_B sy-vline
WA_CRMD_BREL_PNT_I_STR-BRELTYP sy-vline
WA_CRMD_BREL_PNT_I_STR-ATTRIBUT sy-vline
WA_CRMD_BREL_PNT_I_STR-PNT_RELTYPE sy-vline
WA_CRMD_BREL_PNT_I_STR-STAT sy-vline
WA_CRMD_BREL_PNT_I_STR-OWNER sy-vline
WA_CRMD_BREL_PNT_I_STR-PROGCTX sy-vline
WA_CRMD_BREL_PNT_I_STR-IL_RELTYPE sy-vline
WA_CRMD_BREL_PNT_I_STR-PURPOSE sy-vline
WA_CRMD_BREL_PNT_I_STR-ACCESS_VIA sy-vline
WA_CRMD_BREL_PNT_I_STR-IL_GUID sy-vline
WA_CRMD_BREL_PNT_I_STR-OB_REG_DATE sy-vline
WA_CRMD_BREL_PNT_I_STR-OB_REGISTER sy-vline
WA_CRMD_BREL_PNT_I_STR-OB_SEQ sy-vline
WA_CRMD_BREL_PNT_I_STR-OB_RANK sy-vline
WA_CRMD_BREL_PNT_I_STR-RC_RANK sy-vline
WA_CRMD_BREL_PNT_I_STR-RC_PRIO sy-vline
WA_CRMD_BREL_PNT_I_STR-OB_RC_PPORTION sy-vline INTO ld_text SEPARATED BY SPACE. *Add any further fields from structure WA_EKKO_STR you want to CONCATENATE... ENDLOOP. ENDFORM.