ABAP Select data from SAP table CRMD_BILLING into internal table



Get Example source ABAP code based on a different SAP table
  

Below is a number of ABAP code snippets to demonstrate how to select data from SAP CRMD_BILLING table and store it within an internal table, including using the newer @DATA inline declaration methods. It also shows you various ways to process this data using ABAP work area, inline declaration or field symbols including executing all the relevant CONVERSION_EXIT routines specific to CRMD_BILLING. See here for more generic Select statement tips.

Sometimes data within SAP is stored within the database table in a different format to what it is displayed to the user. These input/output conversation FM routines are what translates the data between the two formats.

There is also a full declaration of the CRMD_BILLING table where each field has a char/string type for you to simply copy and paste. This allows you to use processing that is only available to these field types such as the CONCATENATE statement.

DATA: IT_CRMD_BILLING TYPE STANDARD TABLE OF CRMD_BILLING,
      WA_CRMD_BILLING TYPE CRMD_BILLING,
      GD_STR TYPE STRING.

DATA: lo_typedescr type REF TO cl_abap_typedescr.
DATA: lv_fieldname type fieldname.

FIELD-SYMBOLS: <FIELD> TYPE any.
FIELD-SYMBOLS: <CRMD_BILLING> TYPE CRMD_BILLING.

*Process all fields in table header/work area as string values
  PERFORM process_as_string_field_values CHANGING wa_CRMD_BILLING.

SELECT *
*restrict ABAP select to first 10 rows
 UP TO 10 ROWS      
  FROM CRMD_BILLING
  INTO TABLE IT_CRMD_BILLING.

*Select data and declare internal table using in-line method @DATA
*SELECT *
*  FROM CRMD_BILLING
*  INTO TABLE @DATA(IT_CRMD_BILLING2).
*--Further methods of using ABAP code to  select data from SAP database tables

*You can also declare the header/work area using the in-line DATA declaration method
READ TABLE IT_CRMD_BILLING INDEX 1 INTO DATA(WA_CRMD_BILLING2).


*Demonstrate how to loop at an internal table and update values using a FIELD-SYMBOL
LOOP AT IT_CRMD_BILLING ASSIGNING <CRMD_BILLING>.
*To update a field value using a field symbol simply change the value via the field symbol pointer
<CRMD_BILLING>-CLIENT = 1.
<CRMD_BILLING>-GUID = 1.
<CRMD_BILLING>-PERIOD_DATE = 1.
<CRMD_BILLING>-RULE_PERIOD_DATE = 1.
<CRMD_BILLING>-SETTL_FROM = 1.
ENDLOOP.

LOOP AT IT_CRMD_BILLING INTO WA_CRMD_BILLING.
*Write horizonal line to screen report.
  WRITE:/ sy-uline.

*Write selected data to screen/report before conversion.
  WRITE:/ sy-vline,   WA_CRMD_BILLING-RULE_SETTL_FROM, sy-vline,
WA_CRMD_BILLING-SETTL_TO, sy-vline,
WA_CRMD_BILLING-RULE_SETTL_TO, sy-vline,
WA_CRMD_BILLING-BILL_DATE, sy-vline,
WA_CRMD_BILLING-RULE_BILL_DATE, sy-vline,
WA_CRMD_BILLING-INVCR_DATE, sy-vline.
ENDLOOP. *Add any further fields from structure WA_CRMD_BILLING you want to display... WRITE:/ sy-uline. * Aternatively use generic code to Write field values (and NAME) to screen report DO. ASSIGN COMPONENT sy-index OF STRUCTURE wa_CRMD_BILLING TO <field>. IF sy-subrc <> 0. EXIT. ENDIF. WRITE:/ 'Field Value', <field>, sy-vline. gd_str = <field> . lo_typedescr ?= CL_ABAP_DATADESCR=>DESCRIBE_BY_DATA( <field> ). lv_fieldname = lo_typedescr->GET_RELATIVE_NAME( ). WRITE:/ 'Field Name', lv_fieldname. ENDDO. *Redo loop but convert all fields from internal to out value LOOP AT IT_CRMD_BILLING INTO WA_CRMD_BILLING. *Write horizonal line to screen report. WRITE:/ sy-uline. *Convert all fields to display/output versions using conversion routines PERFORM convert_all_field_values CHANGING wa_EKKO. ENDLOOP. *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* *& Form convert_all_field_values *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* FORM convert_all_field_values CHANGING p_EKKO LIKE wa_EKKO. DATA: ld_input(1000) TYPE c, ld_output(1000) TYPE C.

*Conversion exit TSTPS, internal->external for field PERIOD_DATE CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_TSTPS_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_CRMD_BILLING-PERIOD_DATE IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_CRMD_BILLING-PERIOD_DATE.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.

*Conversion exit TSTPS, internal->external for field SETTL_FROM CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_TSTPS_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_CRMD_BILLING-SETTL_FROM IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_CRMD_BILLING-SETTL_FROM.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.

*Conversion exit TSTPS, internal->external for field SETTL_TO CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_TSTPS_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_CRMD_BILLING-SETTL_TO IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_CRMD_BILLING-SETTL_TO.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.

*Conversion exit TSTPS, internal->external for field BILL_DATE CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_TSTPS_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_CRMD_BILLING-BILL_DATE IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_CRMD_BILLING-BILL_DATE.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.

*Conversion exit TSTPS, internal->external for field INVCR_DATE CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_TSTPS_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_CRMD_BILLING-INVCR_DATE IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_CRMD_BILLING-INVCR_DATE.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.

*Conversion exit TSTPS, internal->external for field VALUE_DATE CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_TSTPS_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_CRMD_BILLING-VALUE_DATE IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_CRMD_BILLING-VALUE_DATE.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.

*Conversion exit TSTPS, internal->external for field SETTL_FIMA CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_TSTPS_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_CRMD_BILLING-SETTL_FIMA IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_CRMD_BILLING-SETTL_FIMA.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.
ENDFORM. *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* *& Form process_as_string_field_values *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* FORM process_as_string_field_values CHANGING p_EKKO LIKE wa_EKKO. TYPES: BEGIN OF T_CRMD_BILLING_STR,
CLIENT TYPE STRING,
GUID TYPE STRING,
PERIOD_DATE TYPE STRING,
RULE_PERIOD_DATE TYPE STRING,
SETTL_FROM TYPE STRING,
RULE_SETTL_FROM TYPE STRING,
SETTL_TO TYPE STRING,
RULE_SETTL_TO TYPE STRING,
BILL_DATE TYPE STRING,
RULE_BILL_DATE TYPE STRING,
INVCR_DATE TYPE STRING,
RULE_INVCR_DATE TYPE STRING,
VALUE_DATE TYPE STRING,
RULE_VALUE_DATE TYPE STRING,
BILLING_TIMEZONE TYPE STRING,
SETTL_FIMA TYPE STRING,
FIMA_KONDIND TYPE STRING,
FIMA_BEWEIND TYPE STRING,
BILLING_BLOCK TYPE STRING,
BUAG_GUID TYPE STRING,
BP_SUBTYPE TYPE STRING,
PERIOD_TYPE TYPE STRING,
KIND_PERIOD_DATE TYPE STRING,
KIND_SETTL_FROM TYPE STRING,
KIND_SETTL_TO TYPE STRING,
KIND_BILL_DATE TYPE STRING,
KIND_INVCR_DATE TYPE STRING,
KIND_VALUE_DATE TYPE STRING,
KIND_START_DATE TYPE STRING,
KIND_END_DATE TYPE STRING,
KIND_DATE_FROM TYPE STRING,
KIND_DATE_TO TYPE STRING,END OF T_EKKO_STR. DATA: WA_CRMD_BILLING_STR type T_EKKO_STR. DATA: ld_text TYPE string. LOOP AT IT_EKKO INTO WA_EKKO. MOVE-CORRESPONDING wa_EKKO TO WA_EKKO_STR. CONCATENATE: sy-vline
WA_CRMD_BILLING_STR-CLIENT sy-vline
WA_CRMD_BILLING_STR-GUID sy-vline
WA_CRMD_BILLING_STR-PERIOD_DATE sy-vline
WA_CRMD_BILLING_STR-RULE_PERIOD_DATE sy-vline
WA_CRMD_BILLING_STR-SETTL_FROM sy-vline
WA_CRMD_BILLING_STR-RULE_SETTL_FROM sy-vline
WA_CRMD_BILLING_STR-SETTL_TO sy-vline
WA_CRMD_BILLING_STR-RULE_SETTL_TO sy-vline
WA_CRMD_BILLING_STR-BILL_DATE sy-vline
WA_CRMD_BILLING_STR-RULE_BILL_DATE sy-vline
WA_CRMD_BILLING_STR-INVCR_DATE sy-vline
WA_CRMD_BILLING_STR-RULE_INVCR_DATE sy-vline
WA_CRMD_BILLING_STR-VALUE_DATE sy-vline
WA_CRMD_BILLING_STR-RULE_VALUE_DATE sy-vline
WA_CRMD_BILLING_STR-BILLING_TIMEZONE sy-vline
WA_CRMD_BILLING_STR-SETTL_FIMA sy-vline
WA_CRMD_BILLING_STR-FIMA_KONDIND sy-vline
WA_CRMD_BILLING_STR-FIMA_BEWEIND sy-vline
WA_CRMD_BILLING_STR-BILLING_BLOCK sy-vline
WA_CRMD_BILLING_STR-BUAG_GUID sy-vline
WA_CRMD_BILLING_STR-BP_SUBTYPE sy-vline
WA_CRMD_BILLING_STR-PERIOD_TYPE sy-vline
WA_CRMD_BILLING_STR-KIND_PERIOD_DATE sy-vline
WA_CRMD_BILLING_STR-KIND_SETTL_FROM sy-vline
WA_CRMD_BILLING_STR-KIND_SETTL_TO sy-vline
WA_CRMD_BILLING_STR-KIND_BILL_DATE sy-vline
WA_CRMD_BILLING_STR-KIND_INVCR_DATE sy-vline
WA_CRMD_BILLING_STR-KIND_VALUE_DATE sy-vline
WA_CRMD_BILLING_STR-KIND_START_DATE sy-vline
WA_CRMD_BILLING_STR-KIND_END_DATE sy-vline
WA_CRMD_BILLING_STR-KIND_DATE_FROM sy-vline
WA_CRMD_BILLING_STR-KIND_DATE_TO sy-vline INTO ld_text SEPARATED BY SPACE. *Add any further fields from structure WA_EKKO_STR you want to CONCATENATE... ENDLOOP. ENDFORM.