ABAP Select data from SAP table CE4CSTC_ACCT into internal table



Get Example source ABAP code based on a different SAP table
  

Below is a number of ABAP code snippets to demonstrate how to select data from SAP CE4CSTC_ACCT table and store it within an internal table, including using the newer @DATA inline declaration methods. It also shows you various ways to process this data using ABAP work area, inline declaration or field symbols including executing all the relevant CONVERSION_EXIT routines specific to CE4CSTC_ACCT. See here for more generic Select statement tips.

Sometimes data within SAP is stored within the database table in a different format to what it is displayed to the user. These input/output conversation FM routines are what translates the data between the two formats.

There is also a full declaration of the CE4CSTC_ACCT table where each field has a char/string type for you to simply copy and paste. This allows you to use processing that is only available to these field types such as the CONCATENATE statement.

DATA: IT_CE4CSTC_ACCT TYPE STANDARD TABLE OF CE4CSTC_ACCT,
      WA_CE4CSTC_ACCT TYPE CE4CSTC_ACCT,
      GD_STR TYPE STRING.

DATA: lo_typedescr type REF TO cl_abap_typedescr.
DATA: lv_fieldname type fieldname.

FIELD-SYMBOLS: <FIELD> TYPE any.
FIELD-SYMBOLS: <CE4CSTC_ACCT> TYPE CE4CSTC_ACCT.

*Process all fields in table header/work area as string values
  PERFORM process_as_string_field_values CHANGING wa_CE4CSTC_ACCT.

SELECT *
*restrict ABAP select to first 10 rows
 UP TO 10 ROWS      
  FROM CE4CSTC_ACCT
  INTO TABLE IT_CE4CSTC_ACCT.

*Select data and declare internal table using in-line method @DATA
*SELECT *
*  FROM CE4CSTC_ACCT
*  INTO TABLE @DATA(IT_CE4CSTC_ACCT2).
*--Further methods of using ABAP code to  select data from SAP database tables

*You can also declare the header/work area using the in-line DATA declaration method
READ TABLE IT_CE4CSTC_ACCT INDEX 1 INTO DATA(WA_CE4CSTC_ACCT2).


*Demonstrate how to loop at an internal table and update values using a FIELD-SYMBOL
LOOP AT IT_CE4CSTC_ACCT ASSIGNING <CE4CSTC_ACCT>.
*To update a field value using a field symbol simply change the value via the field symbol pointer
<CE4CSTC_ACCT>-MANDT = 1.
<CE4CSTC_ACCT>-AKTBO = 1.
<CE4CSTC_ACCT>-PAOBJNR = 1.
<CE4CSTC_ACCT>-PASUBNR = 1.
<CE4CSTC_ACCT>-BISDAT = 1.
ENDLOOP.

LOOP AT IT_CE4CSTC_ACCT INTO WA_CE4CSTC_ACCT.
*Write horizonal line to screen report.
  WRITE:/ sy-uline.

*Write selected data to screen/report before conversion.
  WRITE:/ sy-vline,   WA_CE4CSTC_ACCT-KNDNR, sy-vline,
WA_CE4CSTC_ACCT-ARTNR, sy-vline,
WA_CE4CSTC_ACCT-FKART, sy-vline,
WA_CE4CSTC_ACCT-KAUFN, sy-vline,
WA_CE4CSTC_ACCT-KDPOS, sy-vline,
WA_CE4CSTC_ACCT-AUFNR, sy-vline.
ENDLOOP. *Add any further fields from structure WA_CE4CSTC_ACCT you want to display... WRITE:/ sy-uline. * Aternatively use generic code to Write field values (and NAME) to screen report DO. ASSIGN COMPONENT sy-index OF STRUCTURE wa_CE4CSTC_ACCT TO <field>. IF sy-subrc <> 0. EXIT. ENDIF. WRITE:/ 'Field Value', <field>, sy-vline. gd_str = <field> . lo_typedescr ?= CL_ABAP_DATADESCR=>DESCRIBE_BY_DATA( <field> ). lv_fieldname = lo_typedescr->GET_RELATIVE_NAME( ). WRITE:/ 'Field Name', lv_fieldname. ENDDO. *Redo loop but convert all fields from internal to out value LOOP AT IT_CE4CSTC_ACCT INTO WA_CE4CSTC_ACCT. *Write horizonal line to screen report. WRITE:/ sy-uline. *Convert all fields to display/output versions using conversion routines PERFORM convert_all_field_values CHANGING wa_EKKO. ENDLOOP. *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* *& Form convert_all_field_values *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* FORM convert_all_field_values CHANGING p_EKKO LIKE wa_EKKO. DATA: ld_input(1000) TYPE c, ld_output(1000) TYPE C.

*Conversion exit ALPHA, internal->external for field KNDNR CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_ALPHA_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_CE4CSTC_ACCT-KNDNR IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_CE4CSTC_ACCT-KNDNR.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.

*Conversion exit MATN1, internal->external for field ARTNR CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_MATN1_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_CE4CSTC_ACCT-ARTNR IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_CE4CSTC_ACCT-ARTNR.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.

*Conversion exit ALPHA, internal->external for field KAUFN CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_ALPHA_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_CE4CSTC_ACCT-KAUFN IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_CE4CSTC_ACCT-KAUFN.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.

*Conversion exit ALPHA, internal->external for field AUFNR CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_ALPHA_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_CE4CSTC_ACCT-AUFNR IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_CE4CSTC_ACCT-AUFNR.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.

*Conversion exit ALPHA, internal->external for field PRCTR CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_ALPHA_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_CE4CSTC_ACCT-PRCTR IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_CE4CSTC_ACCT-PRCTR.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.

*Conversion exit ALPHA, internal->external for field PPRCTR CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_ALPHA_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_CE4CSTC_ACCT-PPRCTR IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_CE4CSTC_ACCT-PPRCTR.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.

*Conversion exit KONPR, internal->external for field PSPNR CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_KONPR_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_CE4CSTC_ACCT-PSPNR IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_CE4CSTC_ACCT-PSPNR.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.

*Conversion exit CUNIT, internal->external for field MEINH CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_CUNIT_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_CE4CSTC_ACCT-MEINH IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_CE4CSTC_ACCT-MEINH.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.

*Conversion exit ALPHA, internal->external for field COPA_KOSTL CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_ALPHA_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_CE4CSTC_ACCT-COPA_KOSTL IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_CE4CSTC_ACCT-COPA_KOSTL.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.

*Conversion exit ALPHA, internal->external for field KUNWE CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_ALPHA_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_CE4CSTC_ACCT-KUNWE IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_CE4CSTC_ACCT-KUNWE.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.

*Conversion exit ALPHA, internal->external for field PARTNER CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_ALPHA_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_CE4CSTC_ACCT-PARTNER IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_CE4CSTC_ACCT-PARTNER.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.

*Conversion exit CUNIT, internal->external for field ABSMG_ME CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_CUNIT_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_CE4CSTC_ACCT-ABSMG_ME IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_CE4CSTC_ACCT-ABSMG_ME.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.

*Conversion exit CUNIT, internal->external for field KWSVME_ME CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_CUNIT_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_CE4CSTC_ACCT-KWSVME_ME IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_CE4CSTC_ACCT-KWSVME_ME.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.

*Conversion exit CUNIT, internal->external for field VV495_ME CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_CUNIT_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_CE4CSTC_ACCT-VV495_ME IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_CE4CSTC_ACCT-VV495_ME.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.
ENDFORM. *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* *& Form process_as_string_field_values *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* FORM process_as_string_field_values CHANGING p_EKKO LIKE wa_EKKO. TYPES: BEGIN OF T_CE4CSTC_ACCT_STR,
MANDT TYPE STRING,
AKTBO TYPE STRING,
PAOBJNR TYPE STRING,
PASUBNR TYPE STRING,
BISDAT TYPE STRING,
KNDNR TYPE STRING,
ARTNR TYPE STRING,
FKART TYPE STRING,
KAUFN TYPE STRING,
KDPOS TYPE STRING,
AUFNR TYPE STRING,
BUKRS TYPE STRING,
KOKRS TYPE STRING,
WERKS TYPE STRING,
GSBER TYPE STRING,
VKORG TYPE STRING,
VTWEG TYPE STRING,
SPART TYPE STRING,
PRCTR TYPE STRING,
PPRCTR TYPE STRING,
KSTRG TYPE STRING,
PSPNR TYPE STRING,
MEINH TYPE STRING,
CE4KEY TYPE STRING,
ACCT_BUDAT TYPE STRING,
ACCT_VRGNG TYPE STRING,
ABTNR TYPE STRING,
BONUS TYPE STRING,
BZIRK TYPE STRING,
COPA_KOSTL TYPE STRING,
EKORG TYPE STRING,
KDGRP TYPE STRING,
KMVKBU TYPE STRING,
KMVTNR TYPE STRING,
KTGRM TYPE STRING,
KUNWE TYPE STRING,
MATKL TYPE STRING,
PARTNER TYPE STRING,
VKGRP TYPE STRING,
ABSMG_ME TYPE STRING,
KWSVME_ME TYPE STRING,
VV495_ME TYPE STRING,END OF T_EKKO_STR. DATA: WA_CE4CSTC_ACCT_STR type T_EKKO_STR. DATA: ld_text TYPE string. LOOP AT IT_EKKO INTO WA_EKKO. MOVE-CORRESPONDING wa_EKKO TO WA_EKKO_STR. CONCATENATE: sy-vline
WA_CE4CSTC_ACCT_STR-MANDT sy-vline
WA_CE4CSTC_ACCT_STR-AKTBO sy-vline
WA_CE4CSTC_ACCT_STR-PAOBJNR sy-vline
WA_CE4CSTC_ACCT_STR-PASUBNR sy-vline
WA_CE4CSTC_ACCT_STR-BISDAT sy-vline
WA_CE4CSTC_ACCT_STR-KNDNR sy-vline
WA_CE4CSTC_ACCT_STR-ARTNR sy-vline
WA_CE4CSTC_ACCT_STR-FKART sy-vline
WA_CE4CSTC_ACCT_STR-KAUFN sy-vline
WA_CE4CSTC_ACCT_STR-KDPOS sy-vline
WA_CE4CSTC_ACCT_STR-AUFNR sy-vline
WA_CE4CSTC_ACCT_STR-BUKRS sy-vline
WA_CE4CSTC_ACCT_STR-KOKRS sy-vline
WA_CE4CSTC_ACCT_STR-WERKS sy-vline
WA_CE4CSTC_ACCT_STR-GSBER sy-vline
WA_CE4CSTC_ACCT_STR-VKORG sy-vline
WA_CE4CSTC_ACCT_STR-VTWEG sy-vline
WA_CE4CSTC_ACCT_STR-SPART sy-vline
WA_CE4CSTC_ACCT_STR-PRCTR sy-vline
WA_CE4CSTC_ACCT_STR-PPRCTR sy-vline
WA_CE4CSTC_ACCT_STR-KSTRG sy-vline
WA_CE4CSTC_ACCT_STR-PSPNR sy-vline
WA_CE4CSTC_ACCT_STR-MEINH sy-vline
WA_CE4CSTC_ACCT_STR-CE4KEY sy-vline
WA_CE4CSTC_ACCT_STR-ACCT_BUDAT sy-vline
WA_CE4CSTC_ACCT_STR-ACCT_VRGNG sy-vline
WA_CE4CSTC_ACCT_STR-ABTNR sy-vline
WA_CE4CSTC_ACCT_STR-BONUS sy-vline
WA_CE4CSTC_ACCT_STR-BZIRK sy-vline
WA_CE4CSTC_ACCT_STR-COPA_KOSTL sy-vline
WA_CE4CSTC_ACCT_STR-EKORG sy-vline
WA_CE4CSTC_ACCT_STR-KDGRP sy-vline
WA_CE4CSTC_ACCT_STR-KMVKBU sy-vline
WA_CE4CSTC_ACCT_STR-KMVTNR sy-vline
WA_CE4CSTC_ACCT_STR-KTGRM sy-vline
WA_CE4CSTC_ACCT_STR-KUNWE sy-vline
WA_CE4CSTC_ACCT_STR-MATKL sy-vline
WA_CE4CSTC_ACCT_STR-PARTNER sy-vline
WA_CE4CSTC_ACCT_STR-VKGRP sy-vline
WA_CE4CSTC_ACCT_STR-ABSMG_ME sy-vline
WA_CE4CSTC_ACCT_STR-KWSVME_ME sy-vline
WA_CE4CSTC_ACCT_STR-VV495_ME sy-vline INTO ld_text SEPARATED BY SPACE. *Add any further fields from structure WA_EKKO_STR you want to CONCATENATE... ENDLOOP. ENDFORM.