ABAP Select data from SAP table CDPVFRMD into internal table



Get Example source ABAP code based on a different SAP table
  

Below is a number of ABAP code snippets to demonstrate how to select data from SAP CDPVFRMD table and store it within an internal table, including using the newer @DATA inline declaration methods. It also shows you various ways to process this data using ABAP work area, inline declaration or field symbols including executing all the relevant CONVERSION_EXIT routines specific to CDPVFRMD. See here for more generic Select statement tips.

Sometimes data within SAP is stored within the database table in a different format to what it is displayed to the user. These input/output conversation FM routines are what translates the data between the two formats.

There is also a full declaration of the CDPVFRMD table where each field has a char/string type for you to simply copy and paste. This allows you to use processing that is only available to these field types such as the CONCATENATE statement.

DATA: IT_CDPVFRMD TYPE STANDARD TABLE OF CDPVFRMD,
      WA_CDPVFRMD TYPE CDPVFRMD,
      GD_STR TYPE STRING.

DATA: lo_typedescr type REF TO cl_abap_typedescr.
DATA: lv_fieldname type fieldname.

FIELD-SYMBOLS: <FIELD> TYPE any.
FIELD-SYMBOLS: <CDPVFRMD> TYPE CDPVFRMD.

*Process all fields in table header/work area as string values
  PERFORM process_as_string_field_values CHANGING wa_CDPVFRMD.

SELECT *
*restrict ABAP select to first 10 rows
 UP TO 10 ROWS      
  FROM CDPVFRMD
  INTO TABLE IT_CDPVFRMD.

*Select data and declare internal table using in-line method @DATA
*SELECT *
*  FROM CDPVFRMD
*  INTO TABLE @DATA(IT_CDPVFRMD2).
*--Further methods of using ABAP code to  select data from SAP database tables

*You can also declare the header/work area using the in-line DATA declaration method
READ TABLE IT_CDPVFRMD INDEX 1 INTO DATA(WA_CDPVFRMD2).


*Demonstrate how to loop at an internal table and update values using a FIELD-SYMBOL
LOOP AT IT_CDPVFRMD ASSIGNING <CDPVFRMD>.
*To update a field value using a field symbol simply change the value via the field symbol pointer
<CDPVFRMD>-MANDT = 1.
<CDPVFRMD>-PVGUID = 1.
<CDPVFRMD>-PVCDCNT = 1.
<CDPVFRMD>-POSNR = 1.
<CDPVFRMD>-ROLE = 1.
ENDLOOP.

LOOP AT IT_CDPVFRMD INTO WA_CDPVFRMD.
*Write horizonal line to screen report.
  WRITE:/ sy-uline.

*Write selected data to screen/report before conversion.
  WRITE:/ sy-vline,   WA_CDPVFRMD-STD_ALT_FLG, sy-vline,
WA_CDPVFRMD-FLG_ALT_EXIST, sy-vline,
WA_CDPVFRMD-ALT_POSNR, sy-vline,
WA_CDPVFRMD-PO_FLG, sy-vline,
WA_CDPVFRMD-PGUID_FRML, sy-vline,
WA_CDPVFRMD-PGUID_COMP, sy-vline.
ENDLOOP. *Add any further fields from structure WA_CDPVFRMD you want to display... WRITE:/ sy-uline. * Aternatively use generic code to Write field values (and NAME) to screen report DO. ASSIGN COMPONENT sy-index OF STRUCTURE wa_CDPVFRMD TO <field>. IF sy-subrc <> 0. EXIT. ENDIF. WRITE:/ 'Field Value', <field>, sy-vline. gd_str = <field> . lo_typedescr ?= CL_ABAP_DATADESCR=>DESCRIBE_BY_DATA( <field> ). lv_fieldname = lo_typedescr->GET_RELATIVE_NAME( ). WRITE:/ 'Field Name', lv_fieldname. ENDDO. *Redo loop but convert all fields from internal to out value LOOP AT IT_CDPVFRMD INTO WA_CDPVFRMD. *Write horizonal line to screen report. WRITE:/ sy-uline. *Convert all fields to display/output versions using conversion routines PERFORM convert_all_field_values CHANGING wa_EKKO. ENDLOOP. *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* *& Form convert_all_field_values *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* FORM convert_all_field_values CHANGING p_EKKO LIKE wa_EKKO. DATA: ld_input(1000) TYPE c, ld_output(1000) TYPE C.
ENDFORM. *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* *& Form process_as_string_field_values *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* FORM process_as_string_field_values CHANGING p_EKKO LIKE wa_EKKO. TYPES: BEGIN OF T_CDPVFRMD_STR,
MANDT TYPE STRING,
PVGUID TYPE STRING,
PVCDCNT TYPE STRING,
POSNR TYPE STRING,
ROLE TYPE STRING,
STD_ALT_FLG TYPE STRING,
FLG_ALT_EXIST TYPE STRING,
ALT_POSNR TYPE STRING,
PO_FLG TYPE STRING,
PGUID_FRML TYPE STRING,
PGUID_COMP TYPE STRING,
PAGUID_COMP TYPE STRING,
PVGUID_ALGRP TYPE STRING,
POS_DELFLG TYPE STRING,
KZ TYPE STRING,END OF T_EKKO_STR. DATA: WA_CDPVFRMD_STR type T_EKKO_STR. DATA: ld_text TYPE string. LOOP AT IT_EKKO INTO WA_EKKO. MOVE-CORRESPONDING wa_EKKO TO WA_EKKO_STR. CONCATENATE: sy-vline
WA_CDPVFRMD_STR-MANDT sy-vline
WA_CDPVFRMD_STR-PVGUID sy-vline
WA_CDPVFRMD_STR-PVCDCNT sy-vline
WA_CDPVFRMD_STR-POSNR sy-vline
WA_CDPVFRMD_STR-ROLE sy-vline
WA_CDPVFRMD_STR-STD_ALT_FLG sy-vline
WA_CDPVFRMD_STR-FLG_ALT_EXIST sy-vline
WA_CDPVFRMD_STR-ALT_POSNR sy-vline
WA_CDPVFRMD_STR-PO_FLG sy-vline
WA_CDPVFRMD_STR-PGUID_FRML sy-vline
WA_CDPVFRMD_STR-PGUID_COMP sy-vline
WA_CDPVFRMD_STR-PAGUID_COMP sy-vline
WA_CDPVFRMD_STR-PVGUID_ALGRP sy-vline
WA_CDPVFRMD_STR-POS_DELFLG sy-vline
WA_CDPVFRMD_STR-KZ sy-vline INTO ld_text SEPARATED BY SPACE. *Add any further fields from structure WA_EKKO_STR you want to CONCATENATE... ENDLOOP. ENDFORM.