ABAP Select data from SAP table ANLZ into internal table



Get Example source ABAP code based on a different SAP table
  

Below is a number of ABAP code snippets to demonstrate how to select data from SAP ANLZ table and store it within an internal table, including using the newer @DATA inline declaration methods. It also shows you various ways to process this data using ABAP work area, inline declaration or field symbols including executing all the relevant CONVERSION_EXIT routines specific to ANLZ. See here for more generic Select statement tips.

Sometimes data within SAP is stored within the database table in a different format to what it is displayed to the user. These input/output conversation FM routines are what translates the data between the two formats.

There is also a full declaration of the ANLZ table where each field has a char/string type for you to simply copy and paste. This allows you to use processing that is only available to these field types such as the CONCATENATE statement.

DATA: IT_ANLZ TYPE STANDARD TABLE OF ANLZ,
      WA_ANLZ TYPE ANLZ,
      GD_STR TYPE STRING.

DATA: lo_typedescr type REF TO cl_abap_typedescr.
DATA: lv_fieldname type fieldname.

FIELD-SYMBOLS: <FIELD> TYPE any.
FIELD-SYMBOLS: <ANLZ> TYPE ANLZ.

*Process all fields in table header/work area as string values
  PERFORM process_as_string_field_values CHANGING wa_ANLZ.

SELECT *
*restrict ABAP select to first 10 rows
 UP TO 10 ROWS      
  FROM ANLZ
  INTO TABLE IT_ANLZ.

*Select data and declare internal table using in-line method @DATA
*SELECT *
*  FROM ANLZ
*  INTO TABLE @DATA(IT_ANLZ2).
*--Further methods of using ABAP code to  select data from SAP database tables

*You can also declare the header/work area using the in-line DATA declaration method
READ TABLE IT_ANLZ INDEX 1 INTO DATA(WA_ANLZ2).


*Demonstrate how to loop at an internal table and update values using a FIELD-SYMBOL
LOOP AT IT_ANLZ ASSIGNING <ANLZ>.
*To update a field value using a field symbol simply change the value via the field symbol pointer
<ANLZ>-MANDT = 1.
<ANLZ>-BUKRS = 1.
<ANLZ>-ANLN1 = 1.
<ANLZ>-ANLN2 = 1.
<ANLZ>-BDATU = 1.
ENDLOOP.

LOOP AT IT_ANLZ INTO WA_ANLZ.
*Write horizonal line to screen report.
  WRITE:/ sy-uline.

*Write selected data to screen/report before conversion.
  WRITE:/ sy-vline,   WA_ANLZ-ADATU, sy-vline,
WA_ANLZ-KOSTL, sy-vline,
WA_ANLZ-WERKS, sy-vline,
WA_ANLZ-GSBER, sy-vline,
WA_ANLZ-LSTAR, sy-vline,
WA_ANLZ-MSFAK, sy-vline.
ENDLOOP. *Add any further fields from structure WA_ANLZ you want to display... WRITE:/ sy-uline. * Aternatively use generic code to Write field values (and NAME) to screen report DO. ASSIGN COMPONENT sy-index OF STRUCTURE wa_ANLZ TO <field>. IF sy-subrc <> 0. EXIT. ENDIF. WRITE:/ 'Field Value', <field>, sy-vline. gd_str = <field> . lo_typedescr ?= CL_ABAP_DATADESCR=>DESCRIBE_BY_DATA( <field> ). lv_fieldname = lo_typedescr->GET_RELATIVE_NAME( ). WRITE:/ 'Field Name', lv_fieldname. ENDDO. *Redo loop but convert all fields from internal to out value LOOP AT IT_ANLZ INTO WA_ANLZ. *Write horizonal line to screen report. WRITE:/ sy-uline. *Convert all fields to display/output versions using conversion routines PERFORM convert_all_field_values CHANGING wa_EKKO. ENDLOOP. *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* *& Form convert_all_field_values *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* FORM convert_all_field_values CHANGING p_EKKO LIKE wa_EKKO. DATA: ld_input(1000) TYPE c, ld_output(1000) TYPE C.

*Conversion exit ALPHA, internal->external for field ANLN1 CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_ALPHA_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_ANLZ-ANLN1 IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_ANLZ-ANLN1.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.

*Conversion exit ALPHA, internal->external for field ANLN2 CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_ALPHA_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_ANLZ-ANLN2 IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_ANLZ-ANLN2.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.

*Conversion exit ALPHA, internal->external for field KOSTL CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_ALPHA_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_ANLZ-KOSTL IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_ANLZ-KOSTL.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.

*Conversion exit ALPHA, internal->external for field CAUFN CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_ALPHA_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_ANLZ-CAUFN IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_ANLZ-CAUFN.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.

*Conversion exit ALPHA, internal->external for field IAUFN CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_ALPHA_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_ANLZ-IAUFN IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_ANLZ-IAUFN.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.

*Conversion exit TPLNR, internal->external for field TPLNR CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_TPLNR_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_ANLZ-TPLNR IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_ANLZ-TPLNR.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.

*Conversion exit ABPSP, internal->external for field IPSNR CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_ABPSP_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_ANLZ-IPSNR IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_ANLZ-IPSNR.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.

*Conversion exit ALPHA, internal->external for field KOSTLV CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_ALPHA_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_ANLZ-KOSTLV IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_ANLZ-KOSTLV.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.

*Conversion exit ALPHA, internal->external for field GRANT_NBR CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_ALPHA_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_ANLZ-GRANT_NBR IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_ANLZ-GRANT_NBR.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.

*Conversion exit ALPHA, internal->external for field GRANT_NBR2 CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_ALPHA_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_ANLZ-GRANT_NBR2 IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_ANLZ-GRANT_NBR2.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.

*Conversion exit ABPSP, internal->external for field PS_PSP_PNR2 CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_ABPSP_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_ANLZ-PS_PSP_PNR2 IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_ANLZ-PS_PSP_PNR2.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.

*Conversion exit ALPHA, internal->external for field SEGMENT CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_ALPHA_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_ANLZ-SEGMENT IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_ANLZ-SEGMENT.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.

*Conversion exit ALPHA, internal->external for field PRCTR CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_ALPHA_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_ANLZ-PRCTR IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_ANLZ-PRCTR.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.
ENDFORM. *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* *& Form process_as_string_field_values *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* FORM process_as_string_field_values CHANGING p_EKKO LIKE wa_EKKO. TYPES: BEGIN OF T_ANLZ_STR,
MANDT TYPE STRING,
BUKRS TYPE STRING,
ANLN1 TYPE STRING,
ANLN2 TYPE STRING,
BDATU TYPE STRING,
ADATU TYPE STRING,
KOSTL TYPE STRING,
WERKS TYPE STRING,
GSBER TYPE STRING,
LSTAR TYPE STRING,
MSFAK TYPE STRING,
XSTIL TYPE STRING,
STORT TYPE STRING,
CAUFN TYPE STRING,
PLAN1 TYPE STRING,
PLAN2 TYPE STRING,
RAUMN TYPE STRING,
IAUFN TYPE STRING,
IPROJ TYPE STRING,
TPLKZ TYPE STRING,
TPLNR TYPE STRING,
ANUPD TYPE STRING,
TXJCD TYPE STRING,
IPSNR TYPE STRING,
KFZKZ TYPE STRING,
PERNR TYPE STRING,
KOSTLV TYPE STRING,
FISTL TYPE STRING,
GEBER TYPE STRING,
FKBER TYPE STRING,
GRANT_NBR TYPE STRING,
GEBER2 TYPE STRING,
FKBER2 TYPE STRING,
GRANT_NBR2 TYPE STRING,
FISTL2 TYPE STRING,
IMKEY TYPE STRING,
PS_PSP_PNR2 TYPE STRING,
BUDGET_PD TYPE STRING,
BUDGET_PD2 TYPE STRING,
SEGMENT TYPE STRING,
PRCTR TYPE STRING,END OF T_EKKO_STR. DATA: WA_ANLZ_STR type T_EKKO_STR. DATA: ld_text TYPE string. LOOP AT IT_EKKO INTO WA_EKKO. MOVE-CORRESPONDING wa_EKKO TO WA_EKKO_STR. CONCATENATE: sy-vline
WA_ANLZ_STR-MANDT sy-vline
WA_ANLZ_STR-BUKRS sy-vline
WA_ANLZ_STR-ANLN1 sy-vline
WA_ANLZ_STR-ANLN2 sy-vline
WA_ANLZ_STR-BDATU sy-vline
WA_ANLZ_STR-ADATU sy-vline
WA_ANLZ_STR-KOSTL sy-vline
WA_ANLZ_STR-WERKS sy-vline
WA_ANLZ_STR-GSBER sy-vline
WA_ANLZ_STR-LSTAR sy-vline
WA_ANLZ_STR-MSFAK sy-vline
WA_ANLZ_STR-XSTIL sy-vline
WA_ANLZ_STR-STORT sy-vline
WA_ANLZ_STR-CAUFN sy-vline
WA_ANLZ_STR-PLAN1 sy-vline
WA_ANLZ_STR-PLAN2 sy-vline
WA_ANLZ_STR-RAUMN sy-vline
WA_ANLZ_STR-IAUFN sy-vline
WA_ANLZ_STR-IPROJ sy-vline
WA_ANLZ_STR-TPLKZ sy-vline
WA_ANLZ_STR-TPLNR sy-vline
WA_ANLZ_STR-ANUPD sy-vline
WA_ANLZ_STR-TXJCD sy-vline
WA_ANLZ_STR-IPSNR sy-vline
WA_ANLZ_STR-KFZKZ sy-vline
WA_ANLZ_STR-PERNR sy-vline
WA_ANLZ_STR-KOSTLV sy-vline
WA_ANLZ_STR-FISTL sy-vline
WA_ANLZ_STR-GEBER sy-vline
WA_ANLZ_STR-FKBER sy-vline
WA_ANLZ_STR-GRANT_NBR sy-vline
WA_ANLZ_STR-GEBER2 sy-vline
WA_ANLZ_STR-FKBER2 sy-vline
WA_ANLZ_STR-GRANT_NBR2 sy-vline
WA_ANLZ_STR-FISTL2 sy-vline
WA_ANLZ_STR-IMKEY sy-vline
WA_ANLZ_STR-PS_PSP_PNR2 sy-vline
WA_ANLZ_STR-BUDGET_PD sy-vline
WA_ANLZ_STR-BUDGET_PD2 sy-vline
WA_ANLZ_STR-SEGMENT sy-vline
WA_ANLZ_STR-PRCTR sy-vline INTO ld_text SEPARATED BY SPACE. *Add any further fields from structure WA_EKKO_STR you want to CONCATENATE... ENDLOOP. ENDFORM.