ABAP Select data from SAP table ANLP into internal table



Get Example source ABAP code based on a different SAP table
  

Below is a number of ABAP code snippets to demonstrate how to select data from SAP ANLP table and store it within an internal table, including using the newer @DATA inline declaration methods. It also shows you various ways to process this data using ABAP work area, inline declaration or field symbols including executing all the relevant CONVERSION_EXIT routines specific to ANLP. See here for more generic Select statement tips.

Sometimes data within SAP is stored within the database table in a different format to what it is displayed to the user. These input/output conversation FM routines are what translates the data between the two formats.

There is also a full declaration of the ANLP table where each field has a char/string type for you to simply copy and paste. This allows you to use processing that is only available to these field types such as the CONCATENATE statement.

DATA: IT_ANLP TYPE STANDARD TABLE OF ANLP,
      WA_ANLP TYPE ANLP,
      GD_STR TYPE STRING.

DATA: lo_typedescr type REF TO cl_abap_typedescr.
DATA: lv_fieldname type fieldname.

FIELD-SYMBOLS: <FIELD> TYPE any.
FIELD-SYMBOLS: <ANLP> TYPE ANLP.

*Process all fields in table header/work area as string values
  PERFORM process_as_string_field_values CHANGING wa_ANLP.

SELECT *
*restrict ABAP select to first 10 rows
 UP TO 10 ROWS      
  FROM ANLP
  INTO TABLE IT_ANLP.

*Select data and declare internal table using in-line method @DATA
*SELECT *
*  FROM ANLP
*  INTO TABLE @DATA(IT_ANLP2).
*--Further methods of using ABAP code to  select data from SAP database tables

*You can also declare the header/work area using the in-line DATA declaration method
READ TABLE IT_ANLP INDEX 1 INTO DATA(WA_ANLP2).


*Demonstrate how to loop at an internal table and update values using a FIELD-SYMBOL
LOOP AT IT_ANLP ASSIGNING <ANLP>.
*To update a field value using a field symbol simply change the value via the field symbol pointer
<ANLP>-MANDT = 1.
<ANLP>-BUKRS = 1.
<ANLP>-GJAHR = 1.
<ANLP>-PERAF = 1.
<ANLP>-AFBNR = 1.
ENDLOOP.

LOOP AT IT_ANLP INTO WA_ANLP.
*Write horizonal line to screen report.
  WRITE:/ sy-uline.

*Write selected data to screen/report before conversion.
  WRITE:/ sy-vline,   WA_ANLP-ANLN1, sy-vline,
WA_ANLP-ANLN2, sy-vline,
WA_ANLP-AFABER, sy-vline,
WA_ANLP-AUFWP, sy-vline,
WA_ANLP-AUFWB, sy-vline,
WA_ANLP-AUFWZ, sy-vline.
ENDLOOP. *Add any further fields from structure WA_ANLP you want to display... WRITE:/ sy-uline. * Aternatively use generic code to Write field values (and NAME) to screen report DO. ASSIGN COMPONENT sy-index OF STRUCTURE wa_ANLP TO <field>. IF sy-subrc <> 0. EXIT. ENDIF. WRITE:/ 'Field Value', <field>, sy-vline. gd_str = <field> . lo_typedescr ?= CL_ABAP_DATADESCR=>DESCRIBE_BY_DATA( <field> ). lv_fieldname = lo_typedescr->GET_RELATIVE_NAME( ). WRITE:/ 'Field Name', lv_fieldname. ENDDO. *Redo loop but convert all fields from internal to out value LOOP AT IT_ANLP INTO WA_ANLP. *Write horizonal line to screen report. WRITE:/ sy-uline. *Convert all fields to display/output versions using conversion routines PERFORM convert_all_field_values CHANGING wa_EKKO. ENDLOOP. *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* *& Form convert_all_field_values *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* FORM convert_all_field_values CHANGING p_EKKO LIKE wa_EKKO. DATA: ld_input(1000) TYPE c, ld_output(1000) TYPE C.

*Conversion exit GJAHR, internal->external for field GJAHR CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_GJAHR_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_ANLP-GJAHR IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_ANLP-GJAHR.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.

*Conversion exit ALPHA, internal->external for field ANLN1 CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_ALPHA_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_ANLP-ANLN1 IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_ANLP-ANLN1.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.

*Conversion exit ALPHA, internal->external for field ANLN2 CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_ALPHA_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_ANLP-ANLN2 IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_ANLP-ANLN2.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.

*Conversion exit ALPHA, internal->external for field KTOGR CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_ALPHA_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_ANLP-KTOGR IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_ANLP-KTOGR.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.

*Conversion exit ALPHA, internal->external for field KOSTL CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_ALPHA_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_ANLP-KOSTL IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_ANLP-KOSTL.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.

*Conversion exit ALPHA, internal->external for field CAUFN CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_ALPHA_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_ANLP-CAUFN IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_ANLP-CAUFN.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.

*Conversion exit ALPHA, internal->external for field BELNR CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_ALPHA_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_ANLP-BELNR IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_ANLP-BELNR.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.

*Conversion exit ALPHA, internal->external for field GRANT_NBR CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_ALPHA_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_ANLP-GRANT_NBR IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_ANLP-GRANT_NBR.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.

*Conversion exit ALPHA, internal->external for field GRANT_NBR2 CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_ALPHA_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_ANLP-GRANT_NBR2 IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_ANLP-GRANT_NBR2.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.

*Conversion exit ABPSP, internal->external for field PS_PSP_PNR2 CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_ABPSP_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_ANLP-PS_PSP_PNR2 IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_ANLP-PS_PSP_PNR2.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.

*Conversion exit ALPHA, internal->external for field SEGMENT CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_ALPHA_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_ANLP-SEGMENT IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_ANLP-SEGMENT.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.

*Conversion exit ALPHA, internal->external for field PRCTR CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_ALPHA_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_ANLP-PRCTR IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_ANLP-PRCTR.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.
ENDFORM. *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* *& Form process_as_string_field_values *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* FORM process_as_string_field_values CHANGING p_EKKO LIKE wa_EKKO. TYPES: BEGIN OF T_ANLP_STR,
MANDT TYPE STRING,
BUKRS TYPE STRING,
GJAHR TYPE STRING,
PERAF TYPE STRING,
AFBNR TYPE STRING,
ANLN1 TYPE STRING,
ANLN2 TYPE STRING,
AFABER TYPE STRING,
AUFWP TYPE STRING,
AUFWB TYPE STRING,
AUFWZ TYPE STRING,
NAFAP TYPE STRING,
NAFAG TYPE STRING,
NAFAZ TYPE STRING,
SAFAP TYPE STRING,
SAFAG TYPE STRING,
SAFAZ TYPE STRING,
AAFAP TYPE STRING,
AAFAG TYPE STRING,
AAFAZ TYPE STRING,
MAFAP TYPE STRING,
MAFAG TYPE STRING,
MAFAZ TYPE STRING,
AUFNP TYPE STRING,
AUFNG TYPE STRING,
AUFNZ TYPE STRING,
ANSWL TYPE STRING,
INVZM TYPE STRING,
KTOGR TYPE STRING,
AFASL TYPE STRING,
KOSTL TYPE STRING,
GSBER TYPE STRING,
CAUFN TYPE STRING,
XUNUL TYPE STRING,
ANUPD TYPE STRING,
FKBER TYPE STRING,
BELNR TYPE STRING,
LSTAR TYPE STRING,
GEBER TYPE STRING,
GRANT_NBR TYPE STRING,
GEBER2 TYPE STRING,
FKBER2 TYPE STRING,
GRANT_NBR2 TYPE STRING,
FISTL2 TYPE STRING,
IMKEY TYPE STRING,
PS_PSP_PNR2 TYPE STRING,
BUDGET_PD TYPE STRING,
BUDGET_PD2 TYPE STRING,
SEGMENT TYPE STRING,
PRCTR TYPE STRING,
FISTL TYPE STRING,END OF T_EKKO_STR. DATA: WA_ANLP_STR type T_EKKO_STR. DATA: ld_text TYPE string. LOOP AT IT_EKKO INTO WA_EKKO. MOVE-CORRESPONDING wa_EKKO TO WA_EKKO_STR. CONCATENATE: sy-vline
WA_ANLP_STR-MANDT sy-vline
WA_ANLP_STR-BUKRS sy-vline
WA_ANLP_STR-GJAHR sy-vline
WA_ANLP_STR-PERAF sy-vline
WA_ANLP_STR-AFBNR sy-vline
WA_ANLP_STR-ANLN1 sy-vline
WA_ANLP_STR-ANLN2 sy-vline
WA_ANLP_STR-AFABER sy-vline
WA_ANLP_STR-AUFWP sy-vline
WA_ANLP_STR-AUFWB sy-vline
WA_ANLP_STR-AUFWZ sy-vline
WA_ANLP_STR-NAFAP sy-vline
WA_ANLP_STR-NAFAG sy-vline
WA_ANLP_STR-NAFAZ sy-vline
WA_ANLP_STR-SAFAP sy-vline
WA_ANLP_STR-SAFAG sy-vline
WA_ANLP_STR-SAFAZ sy-vline
WA_ANLP_STR-AAFAP sy-vline
WA_ANLP_STR-AAFAG sy-vline
WA_ANLP_STR-AAFAZ sy-vline
WA_ANLP_STR-MAFAP sy-vline
WA_ANLP_STR-MAFAG sy-vline
WA_ANLP_STR-MAFAZ sy-vline
WA_ANLP_STR-AUFNP sy-vline
WA_ANLP_STR-AUFNG sy-vline
WA_ANLP_STR-AUFNZ sy-vline
WA_ANLP_STR-ANSWL sy-vline
WA_ANLP_STR-INVZM sy-vline
WA_ANLP_STR-KTOGR sy-vline
WA_ANLP_STR-AFASL sy-vline
WA_ANLP_STR-KOSTL sy-vline
WA_ANLP_STR-GSBER sy-vline
WA_ANLP_STR-CAUFN sy-vline
WA_ANLP_STR-XUNUL sy-vline
WA_ANLP_STR-ANUPD sy-vline
WA_ANLP_STR-FKBER sy-vline
WA_ANLP_STR-BELNR sy-vline
WA_ANLP_STR-LSTAR sy-vline
WA_ANLP_STR-GEBER sy-vline
WA_ANLP_STR-GRANT_NBR sy-vline
WA_ANLP_STR-GEBER2 sy-vline
WA_ANLP_STR-FKBER2 sy-vline
WA_ANLP_STR-GRANT_NBR2 sy-vline
WA_ANLP_STR-FISTL2 sy-vline
WA_ANLP_STR-IMKEY sy-vline
WA_ANLP_STR-PS_PSP_PNR2 sy-vline
WA_ANLP_STR-BUDGET_PD sy-vline
WA_ANLP_STR-BUDGET_PD2 sy-vline
WA_ANLP_STR-SEGMENT sy-vline
WA_ANLP_STR-PRCTR sy-vline
WA_ANLP_STR-FISTL sy-vline INTO ld_text SEPARATED BY SPACE. *Add any further fields from structure WA_EKKO_STR you want to CONCATENATE... ENDLOOP. ENDFORM.