ABAP Select data from SAP table AIVBZ into internal table



Get Example source ABAP code based on a different SAP table
  

Below is a number of ABAP code snippets to demonstrate how to select data from SAP AIVBZ table and store it within an internal table, including using the newer @DATA inline declaration methods. It also shows you various ways to process this data using ABAP work area, inline declaration or field symbols including executing all the relevant CONVERSION_EXIT routines specific to AIVBZ. See here for more generic Select statement tips.

Sometimes data within SAP is stored within the database table in a different format to what it is displayed to the user. These input/output conversation FM routines are what translates the data between the two formats.

There is also a full declaration of the AIVBZ table where each field has a char/string type for you to simply copy and paste. This allows you to use processing that is only available to these field types such as the CONCATENATE statement.

DATA: IT_AIVBZ TYPE STANDARD TABLE OF AIVBZ,
      WA_AIVBZ TYPE AIVBZ,
      GD_STR TYPE STRING.

DATA: lo_typedescr type REF TO cl_abap_typedescr.
DATA: lv_fieldname type fieldname.

FIELD-SYMBOLS: <FIELD> TYPE any.
FIELD-SYMBOLS: <AIVBZ> TYPE AIVBZ.

*Process all fields in table header/work area as string values
  PERFORM process_as_string_field_values CHANGING wa_AIVBZ.

SELECT *
*restrict ABAP select to first 10 rows
 UP TO 10 ROWS      
  FROM AIVBZ
  INTO TABLE IT_AIVBZ.

*Select data and declare internal table using in-line method @DATA
*SELECT *
*  FROM AIVBZ
*  INTO TABLE @DATA(IT_AIVBZ2).
*--Further methods of using ABAP code to  select data from SAP database tables

*You can also declare the header/work area using the in-line DATA declaration method
READ TABLE IT_AIVBZ INDEX 1 INTO DATA(WA_AIVBZ2).


*Demonstrate how to loop at an internal table and update values using a FIELD-SYMBOL
LOOP AT IT_AIVBZ ASSIGNING <AIVBZ>.
*To update a field value using a field symbol simply change the value via the field symbol pointer
<AIVBZ>-MANDT = 1.
<AIVBZ>-BUKRS = 1.
<AIVBZ>-IV_BELNR = 1.
<AIVBZ>-BELPOSI = 1.
<AIVBZ>-BUZEI = 1.
ENDLOOP.

LOOP AT IT_AIVBZ INTO WA_AIVBZ.
*Write horizonal line to screen report.
  WRITE:/ sy-uline.

*Write selected data to screen/report before conversion.
  WRITE:/ sy-vline,   WA_AIVBZ-BNETTRW, sy-vline,
WA_AIVBZ-BNETBKW, sy-vline,
WA_AIVBZ-KTOKAT, sy-vline,
WA_AIVBZ-SAKNR, sy-vline,
WA_AIVBZ-MWSKZ, sy-vline,
WA_AIVBZ-IV_REFBZ, sy-vline.
ENDLOOP. *Add any further fields from structure WA_AIVBZ you want to display... WRITE:/ sy-uline. * Aternatively use generic code to Write field values (and NAME) to screen report DO. ASSIGN COMPONENT sy-index OF STRUCTURE wa_AIVBZ TO <field>. IF sy-subrc <> 0. EXIT. ENDIF. WRITE:/ 'Field Value', <field>, sy-vline. gd_str = <field> . lo_typedescr ?= CL_ABAP_DATADESCR=>DESCRIBE_BY_DATA( <field> ). lv_fieldname = lo_typedescr->GET_RELATIVE_NAME( ). WRITE:/ 'Field Name', lv_fieldname. ENDDO. *Redo loop but convert all fields from internal to out value LOOP AT IT_AIVBZ INTO WA_AIVBZ. *Write horizonal line to screen report. WRITE:/ sy-uline. *Convert all fields to display/output versions using conversion routines PERFORM convert_all_field_values CHANGING wa_EKKO. ENDLOOP. *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* *& Form convert_all_field_values *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* FORM convert_all_field_values CHANGING p_EKKO LIKE wa_EKKO. DATA: ld_input(1000) TYPE c, ld_output(1000) TYPE C.

*Conversion exit ALPHA, internal->external for field IV_BELNR CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_ALPHA_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_AIVBZ-IV_BELNR IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_AIVBZ-IV_BELNR.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.

*Conversion exit ALPHA, internal->external for field SAKNR CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_ALPHA_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_AIVBZ-SAKNR IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_AIVBZ-SAKNR.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.
ENDFORM. *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* *& Form process_as_string_field_values *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* FORM process_as_string_field_values CHANGING p_EKKO LIKE wa_EKKO. TYPES: BEGIN OF T_AIVBZ_STR,
MANDT TYPE STRING,
BUKRS TYPE STRING,
IV_BELNR TYPE STRING,
BELPOSI TYPE STRING,
BUZEI TYPE STRING,
BNETTRW TYPE STRING,
BNETBKW TYPE STRING,
KTOKAT TYPE STRING,
SAKNR TYPE STRING,
MWSKZ TYPE STRING,
IV_REFBZ TYPE STRING,
IV_ZUORD TYPE STRING,
KZ TYPE STRING,END OF T_EKKO_STR. DATA: WA_AIVBZ_STR type T_EKKO_STR. DATA: ld_text TYPE string. LOOP AT IT_EKKO INTO WA_EKKO. MOVE-CORRESPONDING wa_EKKO TO WA_EKKO_STR. CONCATENATE: sy-vline
WA_AIVBZ_STR-MANDT sy-vline
WA_AIVBZ_STR-BUKRS sy-vline
WA_AIVBZ_STR-IV_BELNR sy-vline
WA_AIVBZ_STR-BELPOSI sy-vline
WA_AIVBZ_STR-BUZEI sy-vline
WA_AIVBZ_STR-BNETTRW sy-vline
WA_AIVBZ_STR-BNETBKW sy-vline
WA_AIVBZ_STR-KTOKAT sy-vline
WA_AIVBZ_STR-SAKNR sy-vline
WA_AIVBZ_STR-MWSKZ sy-vline
WA_AIVBZ_STR-IV_REFBZ sy-vline
WA_AIVBZ_STR-IV_ZUORD sy-vline
WA_AIVBZ_STR-KZ sy-vline INTO ld_text SEPARATED BY SPACE. *Add any further fields from structure WA_EKKO_STR you want to CONCATENATE... ENDLOOP. ENDFORM.