ABAP Select data from SAP table RAAGGRGDFLFMT_D into internal table



Get Example source ABAP code based on a different SAP table
  

So we all know S/4Hana is the latest version and the future of SAP but what about the selecting data from hana tables like RAAGGRGDFLFMT_D is it the same and what the table looks like in an S/4 system. If you havent seen or logged into an S/4Hana system you might be surprised at how similar it looks to the previous ERP/ECC version. Infact when using the gui it is difficult to tell the difference, and selecting data from database tables the same is true. Infact even for tables that have been replaced in hana, SAP have purposfully created versions of the old/original tables for backward compatability. This means your existing ABAP code will still work while you implement changes that take advantage of the new functionality and Hana in-memory tables.

You can see what table RAAGGRGDFLFMT_D looks like in an S/4 system here and below is a number of ABAP code snippets to demonstrate how to select data from SAP RAAGGRGDFLFMT_D table and store it within an internal table, including using the newer @DATA inline declaration methods. It also shows you various ways to process this data using ABAP work area, inline declaration or field symbols including executing all the relevant CONVERSION_EXIT routines specific to RAAGGRGDFLFMT_D. See here for more generic Select statement tips.

DATA: IT_RAAGGRGDFLFMT_D TYPE STANDARD TABLE OF RAAGGRGDFLFMT_D,
      WA_RAAGGRGDFLFMT_D TYPE RAAGGRGDFLFMT_D,
      GD_STR TYPE STRING.

DATA: lo_typedescr type REF TO cl_abap_typedescr.
DATA: lv_fieldname type fieldname.

FIELD-SYMBOLS: <FIELD> TYPE any.
FIELD-SYMBOLS: <RAAGGRGDFLFMT_D> TYPE RAAGGRGDFLFMT_D.

*Process all fields in table header/work area as string values, full declaration of the RAAGGRGDFLFMT_D 
*table where each field has a char/string type for you to simply copy and paste. This allows 
*you to use processing that is only available to these field types such as the CONCATENATE statement.
  PERFORM process_as_string_field_values CHANGING wa_RAAGGRGDFLFMT_D.

SELECT *
*restrict ABAP select to first 10 rows
 UP TO 10 ROWS      
  FROM RAAGGRGDFLFMT_D
  INTO TABLE IT_RAAGGRGDFLFMT_D.

*Select data and declare internal table using in-line method @DATA
*SELECT *
*  FROM RAAGGRGDFLFMT_D
*  INTO TABLE @DATA(IT_RAAGGRGDFLFMT_D2).
*--Further methods of using ABAP code to  select data from SAP database tables

*You can also declare the header/work area using the in-line DATA declaration method
READ TABLE IT_RAAGGRGDFLFMT_D INDEX 1 INTO DATA(WA_RAAGGRGDFLFMT_D2).


*Demonstrate how to loop at an internal table and update values using a FIELD-SYMBOL
LOOP AT IT_RAAGGRGDFLFMT_D ASSIGNING <RAAGGRGDFLFMT_D>.
*To update a field value using a field symbol simply change the value via the field symbol pointer
<RAAGGRGDFLFMT_D>-MANDT = 1.
<RAAGGRGDFLFMT_D>-DRAFTUUID = 1.
<RAAGGRGDFLFMT_D>-PARENTDRAFTUUID = 1.
<RAAGGRGDFLFMT_D>-PERFORMANCEOBLIGATION = 1.
<RAAGGRGDFLFMT_D>-REVENUEACCOUNTINGCONTRACT = 1.
ENDLOOP.

LOOP AT IT_RAAGGRGDFLFMT_D INTO WA_RAAGGRGDFLFMT_D.
*Write horizonal line to screen report.
  WRITE:/ sy-uline.

*Write selected data to screen/report before conversion.
  WRITE:/ sy-vline,   WA_RAAGGRGDFLFMT_D-COMPANYCODE, sy-vline,
WA_RAAGGRGDFLFMT_D-PERFORMANCEOBLIGATIONCLASS, sy-vline,
WA_RAAGGRGDFLFMT_D-PERFOBLGNFULFILLMENTTYPE, sy-vline,
WA_RAAGGRGDFLFMT_D-PERFOBLGNEVENTTYPE, sy-vline,
WA_RAAGGRGDFLFMT_D-ALLOCATEDPRICEINSALESDOCCRCY, sy-vline,
WA_RAAGGRGDFLFMT_D-SALESDOCUMENTCURRENCY, sy-vline.
ENDLOOP. *Add any further fields from structure WA_RAAGGRGDFLFMT_D you want to display... WRITE:/ sy-uline. * Aternatively use generic code to Write field values (and NAME) to screen report DO. ASSIGN COMPONENT sy-index OF STRUCTURE wa_RAAGGRGDFLFMT_D TO <field>. IF sy-subrc <> 0. EXIT. ENDIF. WRITE:/ 'Field Value', <field>, sy-vline. gd_str = <field> . lo_typedescr ?= CL_ABAP_DATADESCR=>DESCRIBE_BY_DATA( <field> ). lv_fieldname = lo_typedescr->GET_RELATIVE_NAME( ). WRITE:/ 'Field Name', lv_fieldname. ENDDO. *Redo loop but convert all fields from internal to out value LOOP AT IT_RAAGGRGDFLFMT_D INTO WA_RAAGGRGDFLFMT_D. *Write horizonal line to screen report. WRITE:/ sy-uline. *Sometimes data within SAP is stored within the database table in a different format to *what it is displayed to the user. These input/output conversation FM routines are what *translates the data between the two formats. This form converts all fields to display/output *versions using conversion routines PERFORM convert_all_field_values CHANGING wa_EKKO. ENDLOOP. *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* *& Form convert_all_field_values *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* FORM convert_all_field_values CHANGING p_EKKO LIKE wa_EKKO. DATA: ld_input(1000) TYPE c, ld_output(1000) TYPE C.

*Conversion exit ALPHA, internal->external for field PERFORMANCEOBLIGATION CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_ALPHA_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_RAAGGRGDFLFMT_D-PERFORMANCEOBLIGATION IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_RAAGGRGDFLFMT_D-PERFORMANCEOBLIGATION.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.

*Conversion exit ALPHA, internal->external for field REVENUEACCOUNTINGCONTRACT CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_ALPHA_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_RAAGGRGDFLFMT_D-REVENUEACCOUNTINGCONTRACT IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_RAAGGRGDFLFMT_D-REVENUEACCOUNTINGCONTRACT.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.

*Conversion exit CUNIT, internal->external for field PERFOBLGNEFFECTIVEQUANTITYUNIT CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_CUNIT_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_RAAGGRGDFLFMT_D-PERFOBLGNEFFECTIVEQUANTITYUNIT IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_RAAGGRGDFLFMT_D-PERFOBLGNEFFECTIVEQUANTITYUNIT.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.

*Conversion exit CUNIT, internal->external for field RATIOUNIT CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_CUNIT_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_RAAGGRGDFLFMT_D-RATIOUNIT IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_RAAGGRGDFLFMT_D-RATIOUNIT.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.
ENDFORM. *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* *& Form process_as_string_field_values *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* FORM process_as_string_field_values CHANGING p_EKKO LIKE wa_EKKO. TYPES: BEGIN OF T_RAAGGRGDFLFMT_D_STR,
MANDT TYPE STRING,
DRAFTUUID TYPE STRING,
PARENTDRAFTUUID TYPE STRING,
PERFORMANCEOBLIGATION TYPE STRING,
REVENUEACCOUNTINGCONTRACT TYPE STRING,
COMPANYCODE TYPE STRING,
PERFORMANCEOBLIGATIONCLASS TYPE STRING,
PERFOBLGNFULFILLMENTTYPE TYPE STRING,
PERFOBLGNEVENTTYPE TYPE STRING,
ALLOCATEDPRICEINSALESDOCCRCY TYPE STRING,
SALESDOCUMENTCURRENCY TYPE STRING,
PERFOBLGNEFFECTIVEQUANTITY TYPE STRING,
PERFOBLGNEFFECTIVEQUANTITYUNIT TYPE STRING,
DUMMYMEASURE TYPE STRING,
PERFOBLGNFULFILLMENTDATE TYPE STRING,
PERFOBLGNTOBEFULFILLEDQUANTITY TYPE STRING,
PERFOBLGNTOTTOBEFULFILLEDPCT TYPE STRING,
UPTOCURPERIODFULFILLEDQTY TYPE STRING,
PERFOBLGNTOTALFULFILLEDQTY TYPE STRING,
LATESTFLFMTCREATIONDATETIME TYPE STRING,
RATIOUNIT TYPE STRING,
HASACTIVEENTITY TYPE STRING,
DRAFTENTITYCREATIONDATETIME TYPE STRING,
DRAFTENTITYLASTCHANGEDATETIME TYPE STRING,
DRAFTADMINISTRATIVEDATAUUID TYPE STRING,
DRAFTENTITYCONSISTENCYSTATUS TYPE STRING,
DRAFTENTITYOPERATIONCODE TYPE STRING,END OF T_EKKO_STR. DATA: WA_RAAGGRGDFLFMT_D_STR type T_EKKO_STR. DATA: ld_text TYPE string. LOOP AT IT_EKKO INTO WA_EKKO. MOVE-CORRESPONDING wa_EKKO TO WA_EKKO_STR. CONCATENATE: sy-vline
WA_RAAGGRGDFLFMT_D_STR-MANDT sy-vline
WA_RAAGGRGDFLFMT_D_STR-DRAFTUUID sy-vline
WA_RAAGGRGDFLFMT_D_STR-PARENTDRAFTUUID sy-vline
WA_RAAGGRGDFLFMT_D_STR-PERFORMANCEOBLIGATION sy-vline
WA_RAAGGRGDFLFMT_D_STR-REVENUEACCOUNTINGCONTRACT sy-vline
WA_RAAGGRGDFLFMT_D_STR-COMPANYCODE sy-vline
WA_RAAGGRGDFLFMT_D_STR-PERFORMANCEOBLIGATIONCLASS sy-vline
WA_RAAGGRGDFLFMT_D_STR-PERFOBLGNFULFILLMENTTYPE sy-vline
WA_RAAGGRGDFLFMT_D_STR-PERFOBLGNEVENTTYPE sy-vline
WA_RAAGGRGDFLFMT_D_STR-ALLOCATEDPRICEINSALESDOCCRCY sy-vline
WA_RAAGGRGDFLFMT_D_STR-SALESDOCUMENTCURRENCY sy-vline
WA_RAAGGRGDFLFMT_D_STR-PERFOBLGNEFFECTIVEQUANTITY sy-vline
WA_RAAGGRGDFLFMT_D_STR-PERFOBLGNEFFECTIVEQUANTITYUNIT sy-vline
WA_RAAGGRGDFLFMT_D_STR-DUMMYMEASURE sy-vline
WA_RAAGGRGDFLFMT_D_STR-PERFOBLGNFULFILLMENTDATE sy-vline
WA_RAAGGRGDFLFMT_D_STR-PERFOBLGNTOBEFULFILLEDQUANTITY sy-vline
WA_RAAGGRGDFLFMT_D_STR-PERFOBLGNTOTTOBEFULFILLEDPCT sy-vline
WA_RAAGGRGDFLFMT_D_STR-UPTOCURPERIODFULFILLEDQTY sy-vline
WA_RAAGGRGDFLFMT_D_STR-PERFOBLGNTOTALFULFILLEDQTY sy-vline
WA_RAAGGRGDFLFMT_D_STR-LATESTFLFMTCREATIONDATETIME sy-vline
WA_RAAGGRGDFLFMT_D_STR-RATIOUNIT sy-vline
WA_RAAGGRGDFLFMT_D_STR-HASACTIVEENTITY sy-vline
WA_RAAGGRGDFLFMT_D_STR-DRAFTENTITYCREATIONDATETIME sy-vline
WA_RAAGGRGDFLFMT_D_STR-DRAFTENTITYLASTCHANGEDATETIME sy-vline
WA_RAAGGRGDFLFMT_D_STR-DRAFTADMINISTRATIVEDATAUUID sy-vline
WA_RAAGGRGDFLFMT_D_STR-DRAFTENTITYCONSISTENCYSTATUS sy-vline
WA_RAAGGRGDFLFMT_D_STR-DRAFTENTITYOPERATIONCODE sy-vline INTO ld_text SEPARATED BY SPACE. *Add any further fields from structure WA_EKKO_STR you want to CONCATENATE... ENDLOOP. ENDFORM.