ABAP Select data from SAP table NACHAE into internal table



Get Example source ABAP code based on a different SAP table
  

So we all know S/4Hana is the latest version and the future of SAP but what about the selecting data from hana tables, is it 5he same and what do tables like NACHAE look like in an S/4 system. If you havent seen or logged into an S/4Hana system you might be surprised at how similar it looks to the previous ERP/ECC version. Infact when using the gui it is difficult to tell the difference, and selecting data from database tables the same is true. Infact even for tables that have been replaced in hana, SAP have purposfully created versions of the old/original tables for backward compatability. This means your existing ABAP code will still work while you implement changes that take advantage of the new functionality and Hana in-memory tables.

Below is a number of ABAP code snippets to demonstrate how to select data from SAP NACHAE table and store it within an internal table, including using the newer @DATA inline declaration methods. It also shows you various ways to process this data using ABAP work area, inline declaration or field symbols including executing all the relevant CONVERSION_EXIT routines specific to NACHAE. See here for more generic Select statement tips.

DATA: IT_NACHAE TYPE STANDARD TABLE OF NACHAE,
      WA_NACHAE TYPE NACHAE,
      GD_STR TYPE STRING.

DATA: lo_typedescr type REF TO cl_abap_typedescr.
DATA: lv_fieldname type fieldname.

FIELD-SYMBOLS: <FIELD> TYPE any.
FIELD-SYMBOLS: <NACHAE> TYPE NACHAE.

*Process all fields in table header/work area as string values, full declaration of the NACHAE 
*table where each field has a char/string type for you to simply copy and paste. This allows 
*you to use processing that is only available to these field types such as the CONCATENATE statement.
  PERFORM process_as_string_field_values CHANGING wa_NACHAE.

SELECT *
*restrict ABAP select to first 10 rows
 UP TO 10 ROWS      
  FROM NACHAE
  INTO TABLE IT_NACHAE.

*Select data and declare internal table using in-line method @DATA
*SELECT *
*  FROM NACHAE
*  INTO TABLE @DATA(IT_NACHAE2).
*--Further methods of using ABAP code to  select data from SAP database tables

*You can also declare the header/work area using the in-line DATA declaration method
READ TABLE IT_NACHAE INDEX 1 INTO DATA(WA_NACHAE2).


*Demonstrate how to loop at an internal table and update values using a FIELD-SYMBOL
LOOP AT IT_NACHAE ASSIGNING <NACHAE>.
*To update a field value using a field symbol simply change the value via the field symbol pointer
<NACHAE>-MANDT = 1.
<NACHAE>-KNUMH = 1.
<NACHAE>-ERNAM = 1.
<NACHAE>-ERDAT = 1.
<NACHAE>-KVEWE = 1.
ENDLOOP.

LOOP AT IT_NACHAE INTO WA_NACHAE.
*Write horizonal line to screen report.
  WRITE:/ sy-uline.

*Write selected data to screen/report before conversion.
  WRITE:/ sy-vline,   WA_NACHAE-KOTABNR, sy-vline,
WA_NACHAE-KAPPL, sy-vline,
WA_NACHAE-KSCHL, sy-vline,
WA_NACHAE-DATAB, sy-vline,
WA_NACHAE-DATBI, sy-vline,
WA_NACHAE-KOSRT, sy-vline.
ENDLOOP. *Add any further fields from structure WA_NACHAE you want to display... WRITE:/ sy-uline. * Aternatively use generic code to Write field values (and NAME) to screen report DO. ASSIGN COMPONENT sy-index OF STRUCTURE wa_NACHAE TO <field>. IF sy-subrc <> 0. EXIT. ENDIF. WRITE:/ 'Field Value', <field>, sy-vline. gd_str = <field> . lo_typedescr ?= CL_ABAP_DATADESCR=>DESCRIBE_BY_DATA( <field> ). lv_fieldname = lo_typedescr->GET_RELATIVE_NAME( ). WRITE:/ 'Field Name', lv_fieldname. ENDDO. *Redo loop but convert all fields from internal to out value LOOP AT IT_NACHAE INTO WA_NACHAE. *Write horizonal line to screen report. WRITE:/ sy-uline. *Sometimes data within SAP is stored within the database table in a different format to *what it is displayed to the user. These input/output conversation FM routines are what *translates the data between the two formats. This form converts all fields to display/output *versions using conversion routines PERFORM convert_all_field_values CHANGING wa_EKKO. ENDLOOP. *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* *& Form convert_all_field_values *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* FORM convert_all_field_values CHANGING p_EKKO LIKE wa_EKKO. DATA: ld_input(1000) TYPE c, ld_output(1000) TYPE C.

*Conversion exit KOTAB, internal->external for field KOTABNR CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_KOTAB_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_NACHAE-KOTABNR IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_NACHAE-KOTABNR.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.

*Conversion exit PARVW, internal->external for field PARVW CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_PARVW_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_NACHAE-PARVW IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_NACHAE-PARVW.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.

*Conversion exit ALPHA, internal->external for field PARNR CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_ALPHA_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_NACHAE-PARNR IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_NACHAE-PARNR.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.

*Conversion exit ISOLA, internal->external for field SPRAS CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_ISOLA_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_NACHAE-SPRAS IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_NACHAE-SPRAS.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.

*Conversion exit SPDEV, internal->external for field LDEST CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_SPDEV_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_NACHAE-LDEST IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_NACHAE-LDEST.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.
ENDFORM. *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* *& Form process_as_string_field_values *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* FORM process_as_string_field_values CHANGING p_EKKO LIKE wa_EKKO. TYPES: BEGIN OF T_NACHAE_STR,
MANDT TYPE STRING,
KNUMH TYPE STRING,
ERNAM TYPE STRING,
ERDAT TYPE STRING,
KVEWE TYPE STRING,
KOTABNR TYPE STRING,
KAPPL TYPE STRING,
KSCHL TYPE STRING,
DATAB TYPE STRING,
DATBI TYPE STRING,
KOSRT TYPE STRING,
PARVW TYPE STRING,
PARNR TYPE STRING,
NACHA TYPE STRING,
ANZAL TYPE STRING,
VSZTP TYPE STRING,
TCODE TYPE STRING,
AENDE TYPE STRING,
REPID TYPE STRING,
PFLD1 TYPE STRING,
PFLD2 TYPE STRING,
PFLD3 TYPE STRING,
PFLD4 TYPE STRING,
PFLD5 TYPE STRING,
PMID1 TYPE STRING,
PMID2 TYPE STRING,
PMID3 TYPE STRING,
PMID4 TYPE STRING,
PMID5 TYPE STRING,
TDNAME TYPE STRING,
TDID TYPE STRING,
SPRAS TYPE STRING,
SNDDR TYPE STRING,
SNDEX TYPE STRING,
SNDCP TYPE STRING,
SNDBC TYPE STRING,
FORFB TYPE STRING,
PRIFB TYPE STRING,
ACALL TYPE STRING,
OBJAC TYPE STRING,
OBJRR TYPE STRING,
OBJRN TYPE STRING,
OUTFL TYPE STRING,
OBJSNS TYPE STRING,
OBJPRI TYPE STRING,
OBJCP TYPE STRING,
LDEST TYPE STRING,
DSNAM TYPE STRING,
DSUF1 TYPE STRING,
DSUF2 TYPE STRING,
DIMME TYPE STRING,
DELET TYPE STRING,
TDRECEIVER TYPE STRING,
TDDIVISION TYPE STRING,
TDOCOVER TYPE STRING,
TDCOVTITLE TYPE STRING,
TDAUTORITY TYPE STRING,
ACOUT TYPE STRING,
SKIPS TYPE STRING,
ACMEM TYPE STRING,
ACNAM TYPE STRING,
EVENT TYPE STRING,
OBJTYPE TYPE STRING,
TDSCHEDULE TYPE STRING,
TDARMOD TYPE STRING,
VAKEY TYPE STRING,
MANDT_T TYPE STRING,
KNUMH_T TYPE STRING,END OF T_EKKO_STR. DATA: WA_NACHAE_STR type T_EKKO_STR. DATA: ld_text TYPE string. LOOP AT IT_EKKO INTO WA_EKKO. MOVE-CORRESPONDING wa_EKKO TO WA_EKKO_STR. CONCATENATE: sy-vline
WA_NACHAE_STR-MANDT sy-vline
WA_NACHAE_STR-KNUMH sy-vline
WA_NACHAE_STR-ERNAM sy-vline
WA_NACHAE_STR-ERDAT sy-vline
WA_NACHAE_STR-KVEWE sy-vline
WA_NACHAE_STR-KOTABNR sy-vline
WA_NACHAE_STR-KAPPL sy-vline
WA_NACHAE_STR-KSCHL sy-vline
WA_NACHAE_STR-DATAB sy-vline
WA_NACHAE_STR-DATBI sy-vline
WA_NACHAE_STR-KOSRT sy-vline
WA_NACHAE_STR-PARVW sy-vline
WA_NACHAE_STR-PARNR sy-vline
WA_NACHAE_STR-NACHA sy-vline
WA_NACHAE_STR-ANZAL sy-vline
WA_NACHAE_STR-VSZTP sy-vline
WA_NACHAE_STR-TCODE sy-vline
WA_NACHAE_STR-AENDE sy-vline
WA_NACHAE_STR-REPID sy-vline
WA_NACHAE_STR-PFLD1 sy-vline
WA_NACHAE_STR-PFLD2 sy-vline
WA_NACHAE_STR-PFLD3 sy-vline
WA_NACHAE_STR-PFLD4 sy-vline
WA_NACHAE_STR-PFLD5 sy-vline
WA_NACHAE_STR-PMID1 sy-vline
WA_NACHAE_STR-PMID2 sy-vline
WA_NACHAE_STR-PMID3 sy-vline
WA_NACHAE_STR-PMID4 sy-vline
WA_NACHAE_STR-PMID5 sy-vline
WA_NACHAE_STR-TDNAME sy-vline
WA_NACHAE_STR-TDID sy-vline
WA_NACHAE_STR-SPRAS sy-vline
WA_NACHAE_STR-SNDDR sy-vline
WA_NACHAE_STR-SNDEX sy-vline
WA_NACHAE_STR-SNDCP sy-vline
WA_NACHAE_STR-SNDBC sy-vline
WA_NACHAE_STR-FORFB sy-vline
WA_NACHAE_STR-PRIFB sy-vline
WA_NACHAE_STR-ACALL sy-vline
WA_NACHAE_STR-OBJAC sy-vline
WA_NACHAE_STR-OBJRR sy-vline
WA_NACHAE_STR-OBJRN sy-vline
WA_NACHAE_STR-OUTFL sy-vline
WA_NACHAE_STR-OBJSNS sy-vline
WA_NACHAE_STR-OBJPRI sy-vline
WA_NACHAE_STR-OBJCP sy-vline
WA_NACHAE_STR-LDEST sy-vline
WA_NACHAE_STR-DSNAM sy-vline
WA_NACHAE_STR-DSUF1 sy-vline
WA_NACHAE_STR-DSUF2 sy-vline
WA_NACHAE_STR-DIMME sy-vline
WA_NACHAE_STR-DELET sy-vline
WA_NACHAE_STR-TDRECEIVER sy-vline
WA_NACHAE_STR-TDDIVISION sy-vline
WA_NACHAE_STR-TDOCOVER sy-vline
WA_NACHAE_STR-TDCOVTITLE sy-vline
WA_NACHAE_STR-TDAUTORITY sy-vline
WA_NACHAE_STR-ACOUT sy-vline
WA_NACHAE_STR-SKIPS sy-vline
WA_NACHAE_STR-ACMEM sy-vline
WA_NACHAE_STR-ACNAM sy-vline
WA_NACHAE_STR-EVENT sy-vline
WA_NACHAE_STR-OBJTYPE sy-vline
WA_NACHAE_STR-TDSCHEDULE sy-vline
WA_NACHAE_STR-TDARMOD sy-vline
WA_NACHAE_STR-VAKEY sy-vline
WA_NACHAE_STR-MANDT_T sy-vline
WA_NACHAE_STR-KNUMH_T sy-vline INTO ld_text SEPARATED BY SPACE. *Add any further fields from structure WA_EKKO_STR you want to CONCATENATE... ENDLOOP. ENDFORM.