ABAP Select data from SAP table M61BM into internal table



Get Example source ABAP code based on a different SAP table
  

So we all know S/4Hana is the latest version and the future of SAP but what about the selecting data from hana tables like M61BM is it the same and what the table looks like in an S/4 system. If you havent seen or logged into an S/4Hana system you might be surprised at how similar it looks to the previous ERP/ECC version. Infact when using the gui it is difficult to tell the difference, and selecting data from database tables the same is true. Infact even for tables that have been replaced in hana, SAP have purposfully created versions of the old/original tables for backward compatability. This means your existing ABAP code will still work while you implement changes that take advantage of the new functionality and Hana in-memory tables.

You can see what table M61BM looks like in an S/4 system here and below is a number of ABAP code snippets to demonstrate how to select data from SAP M61BM table and store it within an internal table, including using the newer @DATA inline declaration methods. It also shows you various ways to process this data using ABAP work area, inline declaration or field symbols including executing all the relevant CONVERSION_EXIT routines specific to M61BM. See here for more generic Select statement tips.

DATA: IT_M61BM TYPE STANDARD TABLE OF M61BM,
      WA_M61BM TYPE M61BM,
      GD_STR TYPE STRING.

DATA: lo_typedescr type REF TO cl_abap_typedescr.
DATA: lv_fieldname type fieldname.

FIELD-SYMBOLS: <FIELD> TYPE any.
FIELD-SYMBOLS: <M61BM> TYPE M61BM.

*Process all fields in table header/work area as string values, full declaration of the M61BM 
*table where each field has a char/string type for you to simply copy and paste. This allows 
*you to use processing that is only available to these field types such as the CONCATENATE statement.
  PERFORM process_as_string_field_values CHANGING wa_M61BM.

SELECT *
*restrict ABAP select to first 10 rows
 UP TO 10 ROWS      
  FROM M61BM
  INTO TABLE IT_M61BM.

*Select data and declare internal table using in-line method @DATA
*SELECT *
*  FROM M61BM
*  INTO TABLE @DATA(IT_M61BM2).
*--Further methods of using ABAP code to  select data from SAP database tables

*You can also declare the header/work area using the in-line DATA declaration method
READ TABLE IT_M61BM INDEX 1 INTO DATA(WA_M61BM2).


*Demonstrate how to loop at an internal table and update values using a FIELD-SYMBOL
LOOP AT IT_M61BM ASSIGNING <M61BM>.
*To update a field value using a field symbol simply change the value via the field symbol pointer
<M61BM>-MATNR = 1.
<M61BM>-WERKS = 1.
<M61BM>-LGORT = 1.
<M61BM>-DISKZ = 1.
<M61BM>-LMINB = 1.
ENDLOOP.

LOOP AT IT_M61BM INTO WA_M61BM.
*Write horizonal line to screen report.
  WRITE:/ sy-uline.

*Write selected data to screen/report before conversion.
  WRITE:/ sy-vline,   WA_M61BM-BSKRF, sy-vline,
ENDLOOP. *Add any further fields from structure WA_M61BM you want to display... WRITE:/ sy-uline. * Aternatively use generic code to Write field values (and NAME) to screen report DO. ASSIGN COMPONENT sy-index OF STRUCTURE wa_M61BM TO <field>. IF sy-subrc <> 0. EXIT. ENDIF. WRITE:/ 'Field Value', <field>, sy-vline. gd_str = <field> . lo_typedescr ?= CL_ABAP_DATADESCR=>DESCRIBE_BY_DATA( <field> ). lv_fieldname = lo_typedescr->GET_RELATIVE_NAME( ). WRITE:/ 'Field Name', lv_fieldname. ENDDO. *Redo loop but convert all fields from internal to out value LOOP AT IT_M61BM INTO WA_M61BM. *Write horizonal line to screen report. WRITE:/ sy-uline. *Sometimes data within SAP is stored within the database table in a different format to *what it is displayed to the user. These input/output conversation FM routines are what *translates the data between the two formats. This form converts all fields to display/output *versions using conversion routines PERFORM convert_all_field_values CHANGING wa_EKKO. ENDLOOP. *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* *& Form convert_all_field_values *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* FORM convert_all_field_values CHANGING p_EKKO LIKE wa_EKKO. DATA: ld_input(1000) TYPE c, ld_output(1000) TYPE C.

*Conversion exit MATN1, internal->external for field MATNR CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_MATN1_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_M61BM-MATNR IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_M61BM-MATNR.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.
ENDFORM. *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* *& Form process_as_string_field_values *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* FORM process_as_string_field_values CHANGING p_EKKO LIKE wa_EKKO. TYPES: BEGIN OF T_M61BM_STR,
MATNR TYPE STRING,
WERKS TYPE STRING,
LGORT TYPE STRING,
DISKZ TYPE STRING,
LMINB TYPE STRING,
BSKRF TYPE STRING,END OF T_EKKO_STR. DATA: WA_M61BM_STR type T_EKKO_STR. DATA: ld_text TYPE string. LOOP AT IT_EKKO INTO WA_EKKO. MOVE-CORRESPONDING wa_EKKO TO WA_EKKO_STR. CONCATENATE: sy-vline
WA_M61BM_STR-MATNR sy-vline
WA_M61BM_STR-WERKS sy-vline
WA_M61BM_STR-LGORT sy-vline
WA_M61BM_STR-DISKZ sy-vline
WA_M61BM_STR-LMINB sy-vline
WA_M61BM_STR-BSKRF sy-vline INTO ld_text SEPARATED BY SPACE. *Add any further fields from structure WA_EKKO_STR you want to CONCATENATE... ENDLOOP. ENDFORM.