ABAP Select data from SAP table LABGL_ENH into internal table



Get Example source ABAP code based on a different SAP table
  

So we all know S/4Hana is the latest version and the future of SAP but what about the selecting data from hana tables like LABGL_ENH is it the same and what the table looks like in an S/4 system. If you havent seen or logged into an S/4Hana system you might be surprised at how similar it looks to the previous ERP/ECC version. Infact when using the gui it is difficult to tell the difference, and selecting data from database tables the same is true. Infact even for tables that have been replaced in hana, SAP have purposfully created versions of the old/original tables for backward compatability. This means your existing ABAP code will still work while you implement changes that take advantage of the new functionality and Hana in-memory tables.

You can see what table LABGL_ENH looks like in an S/4 system here and below is a number of ABAP code snippets to demonstrate how to select data from SAP LABGL_ENH table and store it within an internal table, including using the newer @DATA inline declaration methods. It also shows you various ways to process this data using ABAP work area, inline declaration or field symbols including executing all the relevant CONVERSION_EXIT routines specific to LABGL_ENH. See here for more generic Select statement tips.

DATA: IT_LABGL_ENH TYPE STANDARD TABLE OF LABGL_ENH,
      WA_LABGL_ENH TYPE LABGL_ENH,
      GD_STR TYPE STRING.

DATA: lo_typedescr type REF TO cl_abap_typedescr.
DATA: lv_fieldname type fieldname.

FIELD-SYMBOLS: <FIELD> TYPE any.
FIELD-SYMBOLS: <LABGL_ENH> TYPE LABGL_ENH.

*Process all fields in table header/work area as string values, full declaration of the LABGL_ENH 
*table where each field has a char/string type for you to simply copy and paste. This allows 
*you to use processing that is only available to these field types such as the CONCATENATE statement.
  PERFORM process_as_string_field_values CHANGING wa_LABGL_ENH.

SELECT *
*restrict ABAP select to first 10 rows
 UP TO 10 ROWS      
  FROM LABGL_ENH
  INTO TABLE IT_LABGL_ENH.

*Select data and declare internal table using in-line method @DATA
*SELECT *
*  FROM LABGL_ENH
*  INTO TABLE @DATA(IT_LABGL_ENH2).
*--Further methods of using ABAP code to  select data from SAP database tables

*You can also declare the header/work area using the in-line DATA declaration method
READ TABLE IT_LABGL_ENH INDEX 1 INTO DATA(WA_LABGL_ENH2).


*Demonstrate how to loop at an internal table and update values using a FIELD-SYMBOL
LOOP AT IT_LABGL_ENH ASSIGNING <LABGL_ENH>.
*To update a field value using a field symbol simply change the value via the field symbol pointer
<LABGL_ENH>-MATNR = 1.
<LABGL_ENH>-WERKS = 1.
<LABGL_ENH>-LGORT = 1.
<LABGL_ENH>-CHARG = 1.
<LABGL_ENH>-SOBKZ = 1.
ENDLOOP.

LOOP AT IT_LABGL_ENH INTO WA_LABGL_ENH.
*Write horizonal line to screen report.
  WRITE:/ sy-uline.

*Write selected data to screen/report before conversion.
  WRITE:/ sy-vline,   WA_LABGL_ENH-PSPNR, sy-vline,
WA_LABGL_ENH-LIFNR, sy-vline,
WA_LABGL_ENH-VBELN, sy-vline,
WA_LABGL_ENH-POSNR, sy-vline,
WA_LABGL_ENH-LABST, sy-vline,
WA_LABGL_ENH-INSME, sy-vline.
ENDLOOP. *Add any further fields from structure WA_LABGL_ENH you want to display... WRITE:/ sy-uline. * Aternatively use generic code to Write field values (and NAME) to screen report DO. ASSIGN COMPONENT sy-index OF STRUCTURE wa_LABGL_ENH TO <field>. IF sy-subrc <> 0. EXIT. ENDIF. WRITE:/ 'Field Value', <field>, sy-vline. gd_str = <field> . lo_typedescr ?= CL_ABAP_DATADESCR=>DESCRIBE_BY_DATA( <field> ). lv_fieldname = lo_typedescr->GET_RELATIVE_NAME( ). WRITE:/ 'Field Name', lv_fieldname. ENDDO. *Redo loop but convert all fields from internal to out value LOOP AT IT_LABGL_ENH INTO WA_LABGL_ENH. *Write horizonal line to screen report. WRITE:/ sy-uline. *Sometimes data within SAP is stored within the database table in a different format to *what it is displayed to the user. These input/output conversation FM routines are what *translates the data between the two formats. This form converts all fields to display/output *versions using conversion routines PERFORM convert_all_field_values CHANGING wa_EKKO. ENDLOOP. *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* *& Form convert_all_field_values *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* FORM convert_all_field_values CHANGING p_EKKO LIKE wa_EKKO. DATA: ld_input(1000) TYPE c, ld_output(1000) TYPE C.

*Conversion exit ABPSP, internal->external for field PSPNR CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_ABPSP_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_LABGL_ENH-PSPNR IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_LABGL_ENH-PSPNR.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.

*Conversion exit ALPHA, internal->external for field LIFNR CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_ALPHA_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_LABGL_ENH-LIFNR IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_LABGL_ENH-LIFNR.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.

*Conversion exit ALPHA, internal->external for field VBELN CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_ALPHA_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_LABGL_ENH-VBELN IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_LABGL_ENH-VBELN.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.

*Conversion exit CUNIT, internal->external for field MEINS CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_CUNIT_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_LABGL_ENH-MEINS IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_LABGL_ENH-MEINS.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.

*Conversion exit MATN1, internal->external for field MATNR_LONG CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_MATN1_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_LABGL_ENH-MATNR_LONG IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_LABGL_ENH-MATNR_LONG.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.

*Conversion exit ALPHA, internal->external for field SONUM CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_ALPHA_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_LABGL_ENH-SONUM IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_LABGL_ENH-SONUM.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.

*Conversion exit LENUM, internal->external for field LENUM CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_LENUM_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_LABGL_ENH-LENUM IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_LABGL_ENH-LENUM.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.

*Conversion exit ALPHA, internal->external for field VENUM CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_ALPHA_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_LABGL_ENH-VENUM IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_LABGL_ENH-VENUM.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.

*Conversion exit ALPHA, internal->external for field EXIDV CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERSION_EXIT_ALPHA_OUTPUT' EXPORTING input = WA_LABGL_ENH-EXIDV IMPORTING output = ld_input.
WRITE:/ 'Org Value:', WA_LABGL_ENH-EXIDV.
WRITE:/ 'New Value:', ld_input.
ENDFORM. *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* *& Form process_as_string_field_values *&---------------------------------------------------------------------* FORM process_as_string_field_values CHANGING p_EKKO LIKE wa_EKKO. TYPES: BEGIN OF T_LABGL_ENH_STR,
MATNR TYPE STRING,
WERKS TYPE STRING,
LGORT TYPE STRING,
CHARG TYPE STRING,
SOBKZ TYPE STRING,
PSPNR TYPE STRING,
LIFNR TYPE STRING,
VBELN TYPE STRING,
POSNR TYPE STRING,
LABST TYPE STRING,
INSME TYPE STRING,
SPEME TYPE STRING,
RETME TYPE STRING,
KLABS TYPE STRING,
KINSM TYPE STRING,
KSPEM TYPE STRING,
MEINS TYPE STRING,
SGT_SCAT TYPE STRING,
MATNR_LONG TYPE STRING,
STK_SEG_LONG TYPE STRING,
LGNUM TYPE STRING,
SONUM TYPE STRING,
BESTQ TYPE STRING,
GESME TYPE STRING,
LQNUM TYPE STRING,
IDANW TYPE STRING,
LGTYP TYPE STRING,
LGPLA TYPE STRING,
LENUM TYPE STRING,
VENUM TYPE STRING,
EXIDV TYPE STRING,
CLORT TYPE STRING,
DELET TYPE STRING,
HUEIN TYPE STRING,
IMEIN TYPE STRING,
WMEIN TYPE STRING,
DIFF TYPE STRING,
BESHU TYPE STRING,
BESLE TYPE STRING,END OF T_EKKO_STR. DATA: WA_LABGL_ENH_STR type T_EKKO_STR. DATA: ld_text TYPE string. LOOP AT IT_EKKO INTO WA_EKKO. MOVE-CORRESPONDING wa_EKKO TO WA_EKKO_STR. CONCATENATE: sy-vline
WA_LABGL_ENH_STR-MATNR sy-vline
WA_LABGL_ENH_STR-WERKS sy-vline
WA_LABGL_ENH_STR-LGORT sy-vline
WA_LABGL_ENH_STR-CHARG sy-vline
WA_LABGL_ENH_STR-SOBKZ sy-vline
WA_LABGL_ENH_STR-PSPNR sy-vline
WA_LABGL_ENH_STR-LIFNR sy-vline
WA_LABGL_ENH_STR-VBELN sy-vline
WA_LABGL_ENH_STR-POSNR sy-vline
WA_LABGL_ENH_STR-LABST sy-vline
WA_LABGL_ENH_STR-INSME sy-vline
WA_LABGL_ENH_STR-SPEME sy-vline
WA_LABGL_ENH_STR-RETME sy-vline
WA_LABGL_ENH_STR-KLABS sy-vline
WA_LABGL_ENH_STR-KINSM sy-vline
WA_LABGL_ENH_STR-KSPEM sy-vline
WA_LABGL_ENH_STR-MEINS sy-vline
WA_LABGL_ENH_STR-SGT_SCAT sy-vline
WA_LABGL_ENH_STR-MATNR_LONG sy-vline
WA_LABGL_ENH_STR-STK_SEG_LONG sy-vline
WA_LABGL_ENH_STR-LGNUM sy-vline
WA_LABGL_ENH_STR-SONUM sy-vline
WA_LABGL_ENH_STR-BESTQ sy-vline
WA_LABGL_ENH_STR-GESME sy-vline
WA_LABGL_ENH_STR-LQNUM sy-vline
WA_LABGL_ENH_STR-IDANW sy-vline
WA_LABGL_ENH_STR-LGTYP sy-vline
WA_LABGL_ENH_STR-LGPLA sy-vline
WA_LABGL_ENH_STR-LENUM sy-vline
WA_LABGL_ENH_STR-VENUM sy-vline
WA_LABGL_ENH_STR-EXIDV sy-vline
WA_LABGL_ENH_STR-CLORT sy-vline
WA_LABGL_ENH_STR-DELET sy-vline
WA_LABGL_ENH_STR-HUEIN sy-vline
WA_LABGL_ENH_STR-IMEIN sy-vline
WA_LABGL_ENH_STR-WMEIN sy-vline
WA_LABGL_ENH_STR-DIFF sy-vline
WA_LABGL_ENH_STR-BESHU sy-vline
WA_LABGL_ENH_STR-BESLE sy-vline INTO ld_text SEPARATED BY SPACE. *Add any further fields from structure WA_EKKO_STR you want to CONCATENATE... ENDLOOP. ENDFORM.